Johann Moritz brother-in-law

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Johann Moritz brother-in-law

Johann Moritz Schwager (born September 24, 1738 in Kalkkuhl , † April 29, 1804 in Jöllenbeck ) was a German Protestant theologian and writer.


The son of wealthy country folk began to pursue his education late. He first attended the public school in Lennep . In 1758 he moved to the Archigymnasium in Dortmund , where he was particularly concerned with history and the French language and literature. In 1759 he moved to the University of Halle , where Johann Salomo Semler became his formative teacher. He also heard lectures on exegesis and individual books of the New Testament from Johann August Nösselt . Georg Friedrich Meier's philosophical lectures introduced him to Leibniz-Wolff philosophy.

After a year and a half he moved to the University of Jena , where he attended Hebrew lectures by Johann Gottfried Tympe (1704–1777) and lectures on ethics by Joachim Georg Darjes (1714–1791). He also devoted himself to elaborating philosophical essays. Financial constraints forced him to return to Halle (Saale). He did military service in Merseburg for fourteen months and continued his studies in Halle. In 1762 he returned to his homeland. From 1763 he held a few private tutor positions in Remscheid, Aachen and Groningen. From 1765 until the end of his life he was pastor in Jöllenbeck.

Schwager was a prominent representative of the Enlightenment, who opposed the representatives of Pietism in his publications (also with the stylistic device of satire) and exposed grievances in the Protestant church system of his time. He intervened literarily in the 1st devil's dispute and the Berlin hymn book dispute and dealt with superstition , witch trials and witch persecution .


His life's work was recognized in 2013 in an exhibition by the Cologne International School of Design in conjunction with the Literature Commission of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe and the Museum for Westphalian Literature , with the support of the Ministry for Family, Children, Youth, Culture and Sport of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. Westphalia, the Heimatverein Jöllenbeck, the Westphalia Initiative Foundation , the Nyland Foundation , the Droste Forum and the University of Münster .


  • Reprint of two sermons given in The Hague. Bremen 1766.
  • Life and fate of Martin Dickius. Bremen 1775–1776, 3rd parts, 2nd edition 1776 3rd parts.
  • MCCR Treatise on the Harmfulness of the Order of Preachers and the same amendment, examined, and recommended to the Republic of Scholars for a well-deserved directive, together with a follower belonging to it. Bremen 1776.
  • Rehearsal sermons. Cassel 1776.
  • The sufferings of the young Franconian, a genius. Minden 1777.
  • Hugo Farmer on the nature and purpose of the temptation of Christ in the desert, translated from English. Bremen 1777. [ND: Nordhausen 2013].
  • Semler, a letter to Professor E. Chr. Trapp in Halle. Frankfurt and Leipzig 1780.
  • Contribution to the history of intolerance, or the life, opinions and fate of Balthasar Becker, mostly based on church documents. Leipzig 1780. [ND: Nordhausen 2013].
  • Little war for and against superstition. Leipzig 1781.
  • Stillbach's life; a magic novel. 1. Vol. Leipzig 1781.
  • Balthasar Becker's enchanting world, newly translated, reviewed and enlarged by JS Semler. Leipzig 1781–1782 3rd vol.
  • Contributions to the education of German citizens, in instructive and entertaining articles. 1. Vol. Leipzig 1781.
  • Contribution to the history of superstition of the present century, or the story of a strange witch trial which was carried out in the beginning of the same in D. in the circle. In: Contributions to the advancement of reasonable thinking in religion 4 (1783), pp. 31–92 ( Online ; PDF; 13.7 MB)
  • Attempt of a history of the witch trial. 1. Vol. Berlin 1784. ( Online )
  • Memorial sermon given by Friedrich II. Detmold 1786.
  • A sermon on the 4th Sunday of Advent 1789 was held on the occasion of the thanksgiving feast for the happy inoculation of the Prince of Prussia and his siblings to the heart of the goodness of God with discovered remedies and to recommend the inoculation. Along with an appendix on the possible extinction of the leaves. Bremen 1790.
  • About the oaths and their abuse, a sermon. Bremen 1791.
  • That by burying people too early, who are to be killed for dead, one can kill in the most terrible way, a sermon on Matt. 5, 21. 22. Held at the request of a high-priced Minden-Ravensberg War and Domain Chamber. Berlin and Stettin 1792.
  • Sermon book for promoting civil happiness, following the instructions of the Sunday and feast day gospels, a reading book for educated Christians. Berlin and Stettin 1794, Leipzig 1806.
  • Sermon on the text 1 Petr. 1, 19/18; held on the occasion of the church visits on the 23rd Sunday after Trinit 1793. Hall 1794.
  • Friedrich Bickerkuhl, a novel from life and for the same. Dortmund 1802.
  • Comments on a trip through Westphalia to and across the Rhine. Leipzig and Elberfeld 1804.
  • Lothar von Lothersburg, a painting of the aberrations of the human heart, drawn from nature. Frankfurt am Main 1808.


  • Heinrich Doering: The learned theologians of Germany in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Verlag Johann Karl Gottfried Wagner, 1835, Neustadt an der Orla, vol. 4, p. 87, ( online )
  • Georg Christoph Hamberger , Johann Georg Meusel : The learned Teutschland, or lexicon of the now living German writers. Meyerische Buchhandlung Lemgo, 1798, Vol. 7, p. 399, ( online ); 1803, Vol. 10, p. 646, ( online ); 1806, Vol. 12, p. 382, ​​( online );
  • Christian Friedrich Rassmann: Short literary dictionary of the deceased German poets and writers belonging to beautiful literature in eight periods, from 1137 to 1824. Verlag Wilhelm Lauffer, Leipzig, 1826, p. 337, ( online )
  • Frank Stückemann: Johann Moritz Schwager (1738–1804). A Westphalian country pastor and enlightener without misery (Publication of the Literature Commission for Westphalia, 36) Verlag Aisthesis, Bielefeld, 2009;
  • Johann Moritz Schwager reading book. Compiled by Frank Stückemann, Nylands Kleine Westfälische Bibliothek 32, Aisthesis Verlag, Bielefeld 2012. ISBN 978-3-89528-904-0
  • Walter Gödden, Peter Heßelmann, Frank Stückemann (eds.): "He was a light in Westphalia". Johann Moritz Schwager (1738–1804). A Westphalian scout . Publications of the literature commission for Westphalia, Volume 55, 2013 ISBN 978-3-8498-1007-8

Web links

Individual evidence