Johann Thomasius

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Johann Thomasius

Johann Thomasius , also: Matthias Jonsohn, Johannes Thomä, Johannes Thomas; (* August 28, 1624 in Leipzig ; † March 2, 1679 in Altenburg ) was a German jurist , statesman and poet .


Born as the son of the legal consultant Michael Thomasius, he was the brother of the father of Christian Thomasius , Jacob Thomasius . With this he started studying philosophy and law at the University of Wittenberg in 1640 and continued that at the University of Jena and Leipzig University . He then became Hofmeister and received his doctorate in law in Leipzig in 1648 .

Wife Maria Elisabeth Thomas

In 1650 he took over a professorship at the law faculty of Jena University and in 1652 went to the court of Friedrich Wilhelm II of Saxony-Altenburg as a councilor . For this he stayed in 1653 as envoy to the Reichstag of Regensburg . There he met Marie Elisabeth (* 19 Sep 1635), the daughter of the Reichshofrat Johann Philipp von Bohn , and married her in Regensburg in the same year. From this marriage there are 2 sons and 2 daughters. In the following year he was present at Leopold I's coronation as emperor in Frankfurt / Main and from 1659 he was again in Regensburg as envoy for Saxony-Altenburg on the day of the Ordinary Deputation Day.
After the Reichstag was opened in Regensburg in 1663, he stayed in Regensburg as envoy for Saxe-Coburg and Baden-Durlach until 1668. As envoy he traveled to the imperial court in Vienna and in 1664 became the leading court official in Altenburg. His wife Maria Elisabeth died on April 19, 1664 at the age of 28 in Regensburg, giving birth to a child and was buried in the churchyard of the Dreieinigkeitskirche (today: ambassadorial cemetery). On the grave plate is the Latin version of a poem that was written by her husband Johann Thomas and published in a German version in 1672 in the third edition of the shepherd novel he wrote under a pseudonym (see below). Both versions of the poem end in mysterious abbreviations that can be interpreted as marriage vows beyond death.

Epitaph of the 1st wife Maria Elisabeth Thomas

After Johann Thomas married the widow Susanna of the well-known Saxon-Naumburg ambassador Paul Hornigh (Hornigk) as 2nd wife in February 1671 and thus broke the secret marriage vows given to 1st wife Maria Elisabeth beyond death, he left above the grave site the 1st wife erect an attractive epitaph in a wall niche in the ambassador's cemetery, which is unfortunately badly damaged today. The epitaph shows the bust of his first wife, the female figure accompanying him on the right side carries a pair of doves as a symbol of love. In the female figure accompanying the left, the corresponding symbol carried in the hand has broken off. It could have been a book, because, in addition to his academic works, we owe Johann Thomas above all the most charming shepherd's novel of the Baroque, published under a pseudonym in Frankfurt am Main in 1663 and published under the title Matthiae Johnsohn Lisille . This was published in the same year as a pirated print under the title Doppelte Liebes Flamme and was published in 1672, eight years after the death of his first wife, in a third extended edition as Damon and Lisillen Keuscher Liebes Wandel… . The novel reflects the situations of getting to know the married couple in Regensburg and the married life of the author. Due to the pastoral staging of the novel, the work stands out from the simple bourgeois marriage novel and only becomes significant in its literary message.

Selection of works

  • Tractatus de noxia animalium , Jena 1653
  • Tractatus de aleatoribus , Jena 1651, Halle 1723
  • Confessionem fidei orthodoxam, confessioni Jacobi Massenii oppositum


Individual evidence

  1. Burial directory (pdf, 381 kB), accessed on June 12, 2017.
  2. ^ Karl Winkler: A long-forgotten master novel of the German baroque and its author; in VHVO 94, 147-167; ISSN 0342-2518