Josef Rufer

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Josef Leopold Rufer (born December 18, 1893 in Vienna , † November 7, 1985 in Berlin ) was a German musicologist, teacher, editor and publicist.


Rufer studied from 1919 with Arnold Schönberg , Alexander von Zemlinsky and Alban Berg . From 1925 to 1933 he was Arnold Schönberg's assistant at the Berlin Academy of the Arts. He also taught music theory and worked as a music critic . Since 1956 he has been a lecturer in twelve-tone technology at the Berlin University of the Arts and lectured at the Darmstadt Summer Courses for New Music. He cataloged the estate of Schönberg and directed the complete edition of his works.

Rufer is the leading music theorist of Schoenberg's group of students. His twelve-tone book is based on detailed oral and written statements made by Schönberg in years of correspondence as well as on analyzes of Schönberg's works. In an appendix it contains contributions on the twelve-tone technique by B. Blacher, L. Dallapiccola, W. Fortner, R. Gerhard, HW Henze, R. Hoffmann, H. Jelinek, R. Liebermann, H. Searle, M. Seiber, R. Wagner-Régeny and W. Zillig. Rufer represents and documents the view of Schönberg and his students Berg and Webern that atonality and twelve-tone technique are the consistent continuation of the classical tradition ("result of an organic development"). The book about Schönberg's work is the result of a review and cataloging of Schönberg's estate, which Rufer undertook in Los Angeles in 1957 on behalf of the West Berlin Academy of the Arts. It is the fundamental work for all future Schoenberg research. Rufer found a number of unknown Schönberg works in Los Angeles, such as the three "Small Pieces for Chamber Orchestra", 19010 (No. 3 unfinished). In 1961 he was entrusted with the management of the planned GA on behalf of Mrs. Gertrud Schönberg and the Schotts Söhne publishing house.


He is buried in the Evangelical Churchyard Nikolassee .


Josef Rufer was a. a. Teachers from Giselher Klebe , Bernhard Krol , Isang Yun , Hans Eugen Frischknecht , Roland Kayn and Hans Werner Henze .

Fonts (selection)

  • The composition with twelve notes , Berlin: Hesse, 1952.
  • Musicians on music , Darmstadt: note, 1956.
  • The work of Arnold Schönberg , Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1959.
  • Confessions and Insights. Composers on their work , Frankfurt am Main, among others: Propylaen, 1979 ( ISBN 3-44233-055-6 ).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans Heinz Stuckenschmidt in MGG


Web links