Young generation (SPÖ)
The young generation in the SPÖ (JG) is one of the six departments ( education , women , company work - FSG , community work, youth work - child friends , young generation) of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ). The JG is the political interest group of all 18 to 38 year olds in the SPÖ.
After the National Council elections in 1956, thought was given to how better results could be achieved, especially with young voters. Therefore, on January 22nd, 1958, the work of the young generation (JG) started and from the beginning it was characterized by the representation of interests of young people and the positioning of their concerns within the social democratic organization. Central issues within the young generation are and were justice, redistribution and participation and housing. For example, in the 1960s, a housing association was founded in order to be structurally anchored in this area. Closely related to this was and is the question of the income of young people at the beginning of their self-determined life. From the beginning, the work of the JG was and is dedicated to this topic and was also reflected in a number of campaigns.
Today the JG is defined in the SPÖ's party statutes as: "The" Young Generation "(JG) is a working group in which young people work according to social democratic principles and in cooperation with the responsible party organizations"
On October 16, 1958, the board was elected for the first time, with Bertl Rauscher as chairman. After the “Working Guidelines of the JG as a department of the party” had been adopted by the federal party executive in 1962 and a new statute had been approved, the association was immediately reorganized. In 1963 the JG finally set up an office in the premises of the Wiener Stadthalle as a department was anchored in the SPÖ from then on.
In the 1980s, the JG women demanded greater representation in the committees of the youth generation. Discussions followed about a possible structural reform that takes this aspect into account. The decision was made that at least 30 percent of the delegates in all JG committees must be women. In 1984 Maria Berger became the first female federal chairwoman of the JG. Christian Cap succeeds her in 1987. Topics in these years were, among other things, the Federal President's election campaign, for which the JG published a wall newspaper "The Waldheim Truth" and fought for Kurt Steyrer. In addition, the demands for a tax reform, more environmental protection skills and a reform of apprenticeship training were thematic priorities.
In the 1990s the topic of “integration and living together” moved more to the fore. When Jörg Haider addressed the referendum “ Austria first ” in 1993 , the JG took a stand against it in cooperation with SOS Mitmensch. Various materials with the slogan "People in need - help instead of Haider - no referendum against human rights" were produced nationwide, and a dedicated hotline was set up.
In 1996, the JG lost the federal secretariat, which had been its most important structure until then. Nevertheless, the JG manages to bring its project “Man is not a commodity” to life and to sell “job lots” all over Austria. After several years of intensive negotiations, it succeeds again in 1998 to establish an independent federal secretariat. In addition to the campaign work, the young generation was also involved in the revision of the SPÖ's basic program in 2000.
Focus on "Compatibility of work and family", European Union and the commemorative year "1945-2005"
The JG vehemently criticized the introduction of the tuition fees in 2002 and joined numerous protests against it. In the same year a brochure on the topic of non-marital partnerships was printed, which was still very popular years later. Thematically, priorities were set in the areas of “compatibility of work and family” and “European Union”. 2005 is all about the year of commemoration "1945-2005". The JG is producing a touring exhibition in collaboration with the Vienna AK.
In November 2008 the 50th anniversary of JG was celebrated.
The tasks of the JG are also regulated in the statute of the SPÖ and include above all to familiarize young people with politics and social democratic ideas, to represent their interests and to give them the opportunity to actively participate and shape.
Thematically, the JG has set itself priorities and implements them in the form of working groups and working groups.
There are currently five permanent working groups:
- Principle work
The working groups meet regularly and develop campaigns or positions on their respective topics.
The young generation is divided into eight federal state groups, which in turn are divided into district working groups and local working groups. The chairmanship is chaired by a federal chairman together with the federal board. Each national organization has its own chairman (and board), as do the district or local groups.
The federal executive board and its chairmanship are elected every two years by the delegates from the various federal states. At the 60th anniversary in 2018, the Viennese district politician Claudia O'Brien was elected federal chairman of the young generation.
- Hans Coppel (1958)
- Fritz Hofmann (1958)
- Bertl Rauscher (1958)
- Hans Coppel (1961–1963)
- Fritz Hofmann (1963–1967)
- Leopold Gratz (1967–1971)
- Karl Blecha (1971–1974)
- Albrecht K. Konecny (1974–1980)
- Fritz Edlinger (1980–1984)
- Maria Berger (1984–1988)
- Christian Cap (1988-1991)
- Hans Marcher (1991-1994)
- Franz Ramskogler (1994–1996)
- Erich Fenninger (1996–1997)
- Jörg Paller (1997–1998)
- Michael Grossmann (1998-2002)
- Jörg Leichtfried (2000–2002)
- Kerstin Suchan (2002-2003)
- Hannes Schwarz (2003-2004)
- Alexander Prischl (2004-2008)
- Tina Tauß (2008–2012)
- Katharina Kucharowits (2012-2018)
- Claudia O'Brien (since 2018)
Federal state organizations and their chairmen
- Carinthia : Luca Burgstaller *
- Lower Austria : Michael Kögl
- Upper Austria : Eva Maria Holzleitner
- Salzburg : Tobias Aigner *
- Styria : Mustafa Durmuş
- Tyrol : Eda Celik - Young Generation - Tyrol
- Vorarlberg : Markus Unterhofer
- Vienna : Katharina Weninger
* In these federal states, the SJÖ and the young generation have merged.
Similar to the organizational structure of the SPÖ, there are also organizational secretariats in the JG (1 federal secretariat, 6 state secretariats). These manage the business of the federal youth group and the individual state organizations. The managing federal secretary is Christian Sapetschnig .
Former known JG members
Several prominent politicians have JG histories, including:
- Maria Berger - Former Minister of Justice and former Federal Chairwoman of the JG
- Karl Blecha - Former Interior Minister and former President of the Pensioners Association of Austria
- Michael Häupl - Mayor of the City of Vienna
- Harry Kopietz - President of the Vienna State Parliament and "inventor" of the Danube Island Festival
- Andrea Kuntzl - MPs z. National Councilor and top candidate for Vienna 2006
- Jörg Leichtfried - Former Federal Minister for Transport, Innovation and Technology
- Gisela Wurm - Member of the National Council and former SPÖ regional women chairwoman in Tyrol
- Quotation from the SPÖ party statute from 1998, § 60 (1).
- STANDARD Verlagsgesellschaft mbH: Claudia O'Brien new federal chairwoman of the young generation . In: derStandard.at . ( derstandard.at [accessed on May 8, 2018]).
- Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology: bmvit - Federal Minister Jörg Leichtfried. In: www.bmvit.gv.at. Retrieved August 16, 2016 .