The Köllnische Vorstadt is a locality in the Berlin district Köpenick of the district Treptow-Köpenick . The area is part of the former town of Köpenick and is located on the left bank of the Dahme above the confluence with the Spree between the localities of Spindlersfeld and Grünau .
The suburb was built across from Köpenick Castle . It owes its name - first written Cöllnish suburb - to the Köllnische Heide to the west , which was named after Cölln , which was part of old Berlin in the Middle Ages .
The suburb emerged at the end of the 19th century with increasing industrialization in the Berlin area. In the area of what would later become the Köllnische Vorstadt, the Schönerlinde colony , also known as Green Linden , was established in 1752 . Initially, the settlement consisted of a mulberry plantation with ten houses for spinner families. In 1772 there were nine Kötter or Büdner farms with 61 residents. In 1801 the colony had grown to nine Büdner and seven residents . There were seven fireplaces (= households) with 63 residents. In the course of time the colony continued to expand and in 1858 had 170 inhabitants. There were twelve part-time farmers with 17 servants and maids and 45 workers. There were twelve properties in the colony, between five and 30 acres in size , for a total of 60 acres. The statistics also counted a journeyman carpenter, a journeyman mason and a business owner with a factor and nine poor. A year later there were seven residential and 13 farm buildings in Grünerlinde. In 1879 it was incorporated into Köpenick.
In 1873 the W. Spindler laundry opened and the Spindlersfeld settlement was established. Further developments came with further industrial connections, through the Schöneweide – Spindlersfeld branch line , now part of the Berlin S-Bahn , and the extension of the Köpenick tram , now part of the Berlin tram , to Grünau and Adlershof . In 1906, the Teltow Canal was inaugurated at the southern end of the suburb, where other factories quickly settled. In the 1970s and 1980s, new development areas were built on the western edge towards Adlershof.
The Miethauskomplex Schönerlinder street 1-16 stands as a building complex under monument protection . It consists of a building built in 1870 and a number of residential buildings built between 1889 and 1906. Individual monuments in the suburbs are a foundry in Grünauer Strasse (around 1890) and a semi-detached house from 1910/1912 in Westendstrasse.
- Lieselott Enders : Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg: Teltow (= Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg . Volume 4). Verlag Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1976.
- Hans-Jürgen Rach: The villages in Berlin. A handbook of the former rural communities of Berlin. VEB Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-345-00243-4 , p. 166
- Monument List Berlin , website of the Senate Department for Urban Development, (PDF; 2.9 MB), as of December 10, 2019