Klaus Warncke

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Klaus Warncke , (born May 14, 1937 in Neustrelitz ; † January 2, 1993 near Cairo ) was a German ornithologist and entomologist specializing in bees ( Insecta , Hymenoptera , Apoidea ).


Klaus Warncke was born in Neustrelitz / Mecklenburg and grew up in Samter (now Szamotuły) near Posen (now Poznań, Poland) . After fleeing in January 1945, the family established a foothold in Braunschweig in 1952, where Warncke passed his matriculation examination in 1958. He studied biology, geography and chemistry for teaching in Braunschweig , Mainz , Freiburg and at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich and received his doctorate in 1964 in Munich under Hermann Merxmüller with a botanical thesis on "The European clans of the Aconitum lycoctonum group". After his legal clerkship he was a teacher for biology, geography and chemistry in Hilpoltstein , Schrobenhausen and from 1970 at the Ignaz-Taschner-Gymnasium in Dachau (most recently as director of studies).
Klaus Warncke was married twice, since 1964 with Ulrike (née Winklat-Zedtwitz) and since 1991 with Christa (née Rüst). The son Jochen comes from his first marriage. Klaus and Christa Warncke died in a car accident near Cairo.


Warncke made numerous trips to observe birds and collect extensive bees, 36 to Turkey alone, as well as to Greece, North Africa and the Middle East as far as Iran. The scientific work comprises 160 publications, including 51 with ornithological content. Warncke published his first observations about birds as early as 1957 as a schoolboy. From 1965, initially under the guidance of Robert Wilhelm Grünwaldt (1909-2003), he dealt with the taxonomy of bees, initially with the genus Andrena , then with Prosopis (current genus name Hylaeus ), the Panurginae , Melittidae , Halictus , Anthidium , Sphecodes and one Series of less extensive genera of the Western Palearctic . Warncke published a total of taxonomic works on 25 species of bees, from which he described 57 new sub-genera and 887 new ( sub ) species . The focus of the faunistic work is on Central Europe. In particular, Warncke dealt with a mapping of Bavaria's bees, which he could no longer complete. His ideas on the phylogeny of bees, which he published in 1977 in his ideas on the natural system of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) , were already controversial during his lifetime.
Warncke's collection, including the vast majority of the primary types of newly described species group taxa, is now at the Biology Center of the Upper Austrian State Museums in Linz-Dornach.

Fonts (selection)

  • Warncke, K. & Wittenberg, J. 1957. On the breeding occurrence of the field thrush near Gifhorn. The bird world 78 (1): 38.
  • Warncke, K. 1965. Contribution to the knowledge of the bee genus Andrena Fabricius in Greece. Contributions to entomology 15 (1/2): 27-76.
  • Warncke, K. 1965. Contribution to the knowledge of the bee genus Andrena F. in Turkey (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Communications of the Munich Entomological Society 55: 244-273.
  • Warncke, K. 1968. The subgenus of the West Palearctic bee genus Andrena F. Memórias e estudos do Museu Zoológico da Universidade de Coimbra 307: 1-110.
  • Warncke, K. 1971. The Flamingo ( Phoenicopterus ruber ) - a new breeding bird for Turkey. Bulletin of the Ornithological Society of Turkey 7: 4-5.
  • Warncke, K. 1972. Contribution to the systematics and distribution of the bee genus Prosopis F. in the Western Palearctic (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Colletidae). Bulletin des recherches agronomiques de Gembloux NS 5 (3-4) [1970]: 745-768.
  • Warncke, K. 1972. West Palearctic bees of the Panurginae subfamily (Hym., Apidae). Polskie pismo entomologiczne 42 (1): 53-108.
  • Warncke, K. 1973. The western Palearctic species of the bee family Melittidae (Hymenoptera). Polskie pismo entomologiczne 43: 97-126.
  • Warncke, K. 1973. On the systematics and synonymy of the Central European furrow bees Halictus Latreille (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Halictidae). Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège 42 (7-8): 277-295.
  • Warncke, K. 1977. Ideas for the natural system of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Communications of the Munich Entomological Society 67: 39-63, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Warncke, K. 1980. The bee genus Anthidium Fabricius, 1804 in the Western Palearctic and in the Turkestan Basin. Entomofauna 1 (10): 119-209, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Warncke, K. 1982. The dry grassland in front of the southern edge of the Allacher Forest (Munich), an unusual biotope for rare wild bee species. Newsletter of Bavarian Entomologists 31 (1): 1-3, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Warncke, K. 1986. The wild bees of Central Europe, their valid names and their distribution (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Entomofauna Supplementum 3, 128 p., PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Warncke, K. 1988. The bee genus Osmia Panzer, 1806, its systematics in the Western Palearctic and its distribution in Turkey. 1. Subgenus Helicosmia Thomson, 1872 (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Entomofauna 9 (1): 1-45, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Warncke, K. 1992. The western Palarctic species of the bee genus Sphecodes Latr. (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Halictinae). Reports of the Natural Research Society Augsburg 52: 9-64.


  • Blank, SM 1996. Klaus Warncke (1937-1993). Melissa 9:17 .
  • Blank, SM & Kraus, M. 1994. The nominal taxa described by K. Warncke and their types (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Linz biological contributions 26 (2): 665-761, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Kraus, M. & Blank, SM 1994. Dr. Klaus Warncke (* May 14, 1937 † January 2, 1993). Obituary and bibliography. Linz Biological Contributions 26 (2): 649-663, PDF on ZOBODAT
  • Ortal, R. 1993. Dr. Klaus and Christa Warncke. A tribute to your person. Newsletter of the Bavarian Entomologists 42 (3): 94-95, PDF on ZOBODAT

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The European clans of the Aconitum Lycoctonum group.
  2. Dr. Robert Wilhelm Grünwaldt on ZOBODAT
  3. Ideas on the natural system of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Mitt. Munich Entomolog. Ges., Volume 67, 1977, pp. 39-63, PDF on ZOBODAT