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Coordinates: 51 ° 52 ′ 25 ″  N , 14 ° 8 ′ 45 ″  E
Height : 54 m above sea level NHN
Postal code : 15913
Area code : 035475

Kokainz , Lower Sorbian Kokańc , is the hamlet Byhleguhre belonging inhabited community part of the community Byhleguhre-Byhlen in Dahme-Spreewald in Brandenburg . From 1937 to 1945 the settlement was called Erlenhof . She belongs to the Lieberose / Oberspreewald office .


Kokainz is located in Lower Lusatia in the Spreewald Biosphere Reserve on the northern floodplain , around 20 kilometers as the crow flies northwest of Cottbus . The settlement is part of the official settlement area of ​​the Sorbs / Wends . Surrounding villages are Mühlendorf in the north, Byhleguhre in the northeast, the Byhleguhrer Kaupen and Burg-Kauper in the south and the settlements Horst and Buschmühle in the west belonging to Straupitz (Spreewald) . State road 51 is two kilometers east of Kokainz.


Kokainz was founded on the initiative of Count Wilibald von Houwald (1642–1717) as the Vorwerk of the Straupitz estate . At that time the settlement belonged administratively to the Krummspreeischen Kreis . Until 1806 cocaine was in the Electorate of Saxony and then in the Kingdom of Saxony . After the resolutions at the Congress of Vienna , Saxony had to cede Niederlausitz to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815. The following year it came in Prussia to a local government reform since belonged to Kokainz circle Luebben in the administrative district of Frankfurt of the province of Brandenburg .

According to the topographical-statistical overview of the administrative district of Frankfurt adO from 1844, the settlement, which consisted of two buildings, had twelve residents at the time and was parish off to Straupitz . In 1867 Kokainz is mentioned as a restaurant and forester by (Alt-) Byhleguhre. At that time, 13 residents lived in the settlement.

One of these residents was the forester Johann Martin Krollig, who in 1837 planted the oak (Krollig oak) that is still standing today and is registered as a natural monument. Krollig died after 50 years of service for the Straupitz rulership at the age of 88 and found his final resting place in the Byhleguhrer Friedhof.

At the time of National Socialism , the place was renamed Erlenhof in October 1937. The reason for the renaming was the Germanization of Sorbian place names in Lausitz . In 1945 the place got its original name back. During the GDR district reform on July 25, 1952, Kokainz came as a district of Byhleguhre to the Lübben district in the Cottbus district . After reunification , the settlement was only in the Lübben district and, from December 6, 1993, in the Dahme-Spreewald district , which had previously been created through the merger of the Lübben, Luckau and Königs Wusterhausen districts. On October 26, 2003, the municipality of Byhleguhre merged with Byhlen to form today's municipality of Byhleguhre-Byhlen .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilibald von Houwald (1642–1717). Accessed June 14, 2020 (German).
  2. Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Frankfurt ad O. Gustav Harnecker's bookstore, Frankfurt a. O. 1844 Online at Google Books , p. 170.
  3. Topographical-statistical manual of the government district of Frankfurt a. O. Verlag von Gustav Harnecker u. Co., 1867 Online at Google Books , p. 194.
  4. 37 Straupitz 854; List of all civil inhabitants for: Byhleguhre; 1846 (file). Retrieved June 14, 2020 .