City of Wuppertal
|Height :||180–240 m above sea level NHN|
|Postal code :||42287|
|Area code :||0202|
Location of Laaken in Wuppertal
Laaken is located in the valley of the Wupper on the edge of the Marscheider Forest in the eastern urban area of Wuppertal. To the southwest the terrain rises to the Marscheider plateau, in the northeast the Ehrenberg rises on the other side of the river .
The residential development is almost exclusively on the left side of the Wuppertal. There are three closed settlement areas:
- At the mouth of the Eschensiepen stream, the Eschensiepen settlement area with the road to the hereditary farms at the foot of the Marscheider Berg. There are the Catholic and the Protestant churches of the district as well as the two denominational cemeteries and a primary school. This settlement area emerged from the early modern courtyard Untere Laaken / Unterste Laaken, located at the level of a large reservoir.
- At the mouth of the Marscheider Bach the settlement area Obere Laaken with strong residential buildings and Wupper crossing. This settlement area emerged from the early modern farm Oberste Laaken.
- Another smaller settlement area is at the foot of the Paulsberg .
On both sides of the Wupper there is the Vorwerk main plant , where the "Kobold" vacuum cleaner and room care system is developed and produced. On the outskirts between Obere Laaken and the settlement area at the foot of the Paulsberg, on the other side of the Wuppertal, was the Kemna concentration camp .
Etymology and history
The name Laaken is probably derived etymologically from the term Landwehr , not from a still water ( lake ). In the late Middle Ages, barriers in a Landwehr were often referred to as lacquer trees . A corridor in Frankenbaum near Laaken is another indication of a Landwehr passage with a barrier. The origin of the name is based on the Barmer line of the Bergische Landwehr , which ran directly on the southern edge of the village in the late Middle Ages until modern times. The street name Laaker Landwehr still indicates this old border fortification as a pleonasm , of which only very few, heavily worn remains can be found in the Marscheider Forest.
Laaken was first mentioned in 1597. At that time the farm was part of the Villication under the Oberhof Mosblech , which was an allod of the Bergisch dukes , and belonged to the Garschagen family . According to the Topographia Ducatus Montani, only the Obere and Untere Laaken farms were inhabited around 1715 . From 1754 the Untere Laaker Hammer , also known as the Mottehammer , was licensed on the Marscheider Bach and served as a refining hammer until 1959 .
In 1815/16 there were 50 people living in the village. In 1832 Laaken was still part of the Garschagen Honschaft, which had belonged to the mayor's office of Lüttringhausen since the French era . According to the statistics and topography of the Düsseldorf administrative district , the place called a hamlet was called Laacken and at that time had eight residential buildings and three agricultural buildings. At that time there were 48 people living in the village, all of them Protestant faith. In the municipality lexicon for the Rhineland province from 1888, nine residential buildings with 146 inhabitants are given.
Large-scale settlement did not take place until the second half of the 19th century. The textile printing company Gebr. Bockmühl, Schlieper and Hecker , founded in Elberfeld in 1828, relocated to Laaken in 1853, partly under the name Schlieper and Baum, and created living space there for the workers.
For a long time the residents mainly belonged to the Protestant parish in Lüttringhausen , but because of the great distance from the main church they sought to found their own parish, which was approved in 1896. In 1899 the construction of the Protestant church began.
The disused Wuppertal Railway (Wuppertal-Rauenthal – Krebsöge – Remscheid-Lennep railway) had a stop in the district under the name Wuppertal-Laaken . It was created in 1952 at the endeavors of local companies and mainly served their workforce. This breakpoint was served until the end of 1979, with the exception of a brief shutdown between 1957 and 1960.
- Gerd Helbeck : The Bergische Landwehr between Wupper, Ennepe and Bever. In: Romerike Berge. Vol. 53, issue 3, 2003, , p. 2 ff.
- Hermann Kießling: Courtyards and farm associations in Wuppertal. Bergisch-Märkischer Genealogischer Verlag, Wuppertal 1977.
- Johann Georg von Viebahn : Statistics and Topography of the Administrative District of Düsseldorf , 1836
- Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Prussia) (Ed.): Community encyclopedia for the Rhineland Province, based on the materials of the census of December 1, 1885 and other official sources, (Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia, Volume XII), Berlin 1888.
- André Joost: Operating Offices Archive Wuppertal-Laaken. In: NRWbahnarchiv. Retrieved June 25, 2017 .
- Wuppertal train stations on other routes # Laaken train station. In: Bahnen-Wuppertal.de. Retrieved October 19, 2019 .
- Beyenburger route (Wupper valley railway). In: Bahnen-Wuppertal.de. Retrieved June 25, 2017 .
- Günther Schmidt: Hammer and Kotten research in Remscheid. Volume 5: From Blombach to Eschbach. Buchhandlung R. Schmitz, Remscheid 2006, ISBN 3-9800077-6-6 .