Limmer Bridge

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The Limmer Bridge
(drawing from 1795)

The Limmer bridge or Limmer bridge was a bridge on the leash . From the 17th to the 19th century, it connected the present-day Hanoverian districts of Herrenhausen and Linden near the local border with Limmer .


On the “return from KronsbergKing George V and Queen Marie sat in an open carriage over the Limmer Bridge near
Limmer and Herrenhausen - probably in the picture on the left about in the middle between the cylinders of the four red-clad riders - near the windmill there .
Oil painting by Eduard Frederich , 1853, Fürstenhaus Herrenhausen Museum

The Limmer Bridge was built in the course of the construction of the ducal manor in Herrenhausen, which was expanded to become Herrenhausen Palace through additions and new buildings . The bridge was built in the early days of the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg between 1690 and 1693. By means of the wooden bridge stretched over the line, which had cost around 2,000 Thaler , both elegant teams could be rolled and building materials could be brought in for Herrenhausen Palace, for example.

South of the castle district, the Limmer Bridge crossed the Leine above the confluence of the Fosse . Today's Limmerstrasse , which runs south-east , was part of the trunk road from Osnabrück to Linden and on to Hanover. The Limmer Bridge connected the resulting representative large garden with the kitchen garden that was used for supply . From the trunk road on a smaller bridge near the Limmer windmill , which was later built , Fosse and the lower course of the Leine formed the border between the offices of Blumenau and Linden east of the Blumenau village of Limmer until 1852 .

The Limmer Bridge was about 130 feet long. The wooden plank bridge was divided into five segments on brick bridgeheads on the two banks and pillars in the line. The second of these could be opened as a drawbridge to allow ships to pass through. In the event of war, the bridge could be made impassable by removing the wooden planks. Lead pipes laid on the river bed ran under the bridge . They were a section of the otherwise wooden water pipes from Dieckborn in the kitchen garden and from the bath borne ponds to the elevated water tanks for the large garden . Depending on how it was painted, the Limmer Bridge was also called the “Red Bridge” and later the “White Bridge”.

The bridge, which came under the Prussian state ownership in 1866 with the annexation of Hanover and the confiscation of the private assets of King George V , often required repairs. As early as 1871 there had been reservations about allowing troops returning from the Franco-German War to cross it. The bridge was last rebuilt in 1893. It had been closed to trucks for a long time in 1895, but the residents of Limmer continued to have the right to use it to cultivate their leased meadows beyond the Leine, which was also used for haymaking in 1895. In the end, pedestrians were only allowed to cross the Limmer Bridge individually.

On the afternoon of July 4th, 1895 at around 3 a.m., the stone of the walled north end of the bridge came loose and it collapsed. A ten-year-old boy from Linden, who was on the bridge, fell with the rubble into the water and was later found dead.

Bridge replacement

As early as July 6, the Hannoversche Anzeiger reported on a ferry that from then on enabled pedestrians to cross the Leine between the Hanoverian district of Herrenhausen and the neighboring town of Linden. The operator of the connection, which was used until 1913, was the landlord of the Schwanenburg am Lindener Ufer. Due to the construction of the Linden branch canal and the Leine harbor , ferry operations finally had to be stopped.

In the 1950s, the Schwanenburg Bridge was built near the former Limmer Bridge as part of the West Schnellweg . In the course of the various construction measures, however, the river bed of the Leine was moved around 100 m to the north.


The Limmer Bridge was the destination of the first traditional rowing competition in Hanover on June 18, 1842 . Eight barges had started at the Himebrücke for this purpose . A few weeks before it collapsed in 1895, the Limmer Bridge was still on the Hanoverian regatta route. Police officers had to prevent the audience from stopping on the bridge, which had already been assessed as dilapidated.


In 1898 Hermann Löns summarized the stories about the collapse of the bridge in his poem Caution .

“ There was once a bridge in front of Limmer,
It fell into the water, An innocent knäbelein died. The years came and went, The bridge was not built; Why? There have been many false assumptions about this. It was said that the government and the city were in disagreement , and that was the reason the Bridge Man was not rebuilt. You are wrong, dear people; The reason is, listen to me: You don't want to build the bridge so it can't collapse. "

Web links

Commons : Limmer Brücke  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl H. Meyer : Royal Gardens. Three hundred years Herrenhausen , Hanover: Fackelträger-Verlag Schmidt-Küster, 1966, p. 86; limited preview in Google Book search
  2. a b Horst Bohne : The "Dieckborn" in Linden - a rich source supplied the Calenberger Neustadt and the fountains in the Herrenhausen Gardens., accessed on July 1, 2018 .
  3. ^ Heinrich Dittmer: Authentic and complete description of all ceremonies: which in the Hanoverian country in the presence of his royal. Majesty George the Fourth, during the month of October, 1821. 1822, p. 179 , accessed July 1, 2018 .
  4. Horst Bohne: The swan castle., accessed on July 1, 2018 .
  5. ^ A b c Wolfgang Leonhardt : Bridge collapse on July 4, 1895. in Hannoversche Histories: Reports from different parts of the city . 2009, p. 35 , accessed July 1, 2018 .
  6. Horst Bohne: Hanover and Linden as old (and new) port cities (Part 1)., accessed on July 1, 2018 .
  7. Timeline. Hannoverscher Ruder-Club von 1880 e. V., accessed on July 3, 2018 .
  8. Hermann Löns: Caution. in Hermann Löns: Complete Works, Volume 1 , Leipzig 1924, pp. 384–385., accessed July 1, 2018 .

Coordinates: 52 ° 22 ′ 37.9 ″  N , 9 ° 41 ′ 51 ″  E