Schwanenburg (Limmer)

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Picture postcard of the Schwanenburg (around 1900)

The Schwanenburg was a restaurant and event location in what is now the Hanover district of Limmer.



In 1830, the master shipbuilder Johann Wilhelm Friedrich Hartje leased a plot of land on the west bank of the Leine opposite Hanover's Steintormasch as a building site for a shipyard . The area had served the villages of Linden and Limmer as a common Hudeweide and after the common division belonged to the office of Blumenau . In January 1837 Hartje bought the 1 acre and 6 rods (about 2750 m²) plot for 205 thalers . From 1838 , the shipyard manufactured, among other things , Bremer trestles that were used on a leash in trade between Hanover or Linden and Bremen .

Pleasure garden

The married-in businessman Johann Friedrich Andreas Geffers became the new owner in 1884. He had swampy areas filled up on the property and two former clay cuttings from the 18th century dug into ponds to create a pleasure garden . The landlord August Stein leased the garden in 1890 and invented the name Schwanenburg .

In July 1895 the neighboring Limmer Bridge collapsed . The then landlord Hörschelmann undertook to operate a ferry over the Leine at Schwanenburg as a replacement for pedestrians . With this, his business was easily accessible for guests from Hanover's northern districts.

Heyday and decline

The entrepreneur Max Rüdenberg acquired the entire property in 1896. He set up a bed spring factory on the western part of the property and had a private house built. In 1898 a building was built with two concert halls in addition to the park with a coffee garden and music pavilion . The restaurant was leased to the respective operator. A popular competitor among the Linden workers was the neighboring mill park .

The ferry service had to be stopped in 1913 because of the construction of the Leine harbor on the other bank. From 1915 until May 1920, the Schwanenburg and parts were of male mountain Bettfedernfabrik than by deaconesses of Henriette pin -run school infirmary (reserve military hospital II). The two concert halls housed 50 to 60 war invalids who could receive orthopedic care. 15 workshops trained metal trades, tailors, carpenters, painters, photographers and book printers. In the winter of 1919 there were protests by inmates because of the inadequate supply in the school hospital.

After that, the Schwanenburg was again a restaurant, but without building on the earlier heyday. In the course of Aryanization , the city of Hanover took over the Schwanenburg property in 1939. The address of Hanover , however, leads from 1939 to 1942 no restaurant on the street more. During the Second World War , the neighboring former house was destroyed in a bomb attack in November 1943.

post war period

The Schwanenburg survived the war without major damage. The Schwanenburg-Lichtspiele opened in the lower hall of the concert building in the summer of 1946 . From July 1946 to February 1949, the Komödie Theater used the upper hall as a venue.

After the currency reform , all visitor numbers fell sharply. Only a beer bar remained as a restaurant. From March 1951 this served as a well-known meeting place and venue for the homophile movement .

In 1960 the theater, cinema and restaurant were demolished for the construction of the West Schnellweg . After that, buildings for the University of Hanover were built here on Limmerstrasse . The name Schwanenburg remained on Westschnellweg with Schwanenburg bridge and later the Schwanenburg gyro , now converted into a Schwanenburg intersection, at the junction of Bremer dam in use.

The new Schwanenburg (2014)

New swan castle

Since autumn 2012, a restaurant and event facility set up in a building that has remained and converted from the former bed spring factory has been calledSchwanenburg.

Web links

Commons : Schwanenburg (Limmer)  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g Horst Bohne : The swan castle., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  2. a b Horst Bohne: Hanover and Linden as old (and new) port cities (Part 1)., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  3. Lecture: History of the "Schwanenburg" in Limmer by Horst Bohne on November 23, 2017., November 5, 2017, accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  4. ^ Stumbling blocks for Max Rüdenberg (1863-1942) and Margarethe Helene Rüdenberg (1879-1943). in Stolpersteine ​​in Linden-Limmer ., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  5. Ernst Bohlius, Wolfgang Leonhardt: The thanks of the fatherland. in: "Die List": 700 years of looking around the village and town history . 2004, pp. 61–62 , accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  6. a b c Mirjana Ilic: History., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  7. a b 1896/97 Bettfedernfabrik Max Rüdenberg GmbH - import and cleaning of Chinese bed feathers and down. in: Lindener trade and industry from 1880-1899 ., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  8. First reopenings., accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  9. Bernd Sperlich: Linden makes theater despite the housing shortage and hunger., January 14, 2013, accessed on July 4, 2018 .
  10. ^ Clayton J. Whisnant: Male Homosexuality in West Germany: Between Persecution and Freedom, 1945-69. P. 82 , accessed on July 4, 2018 .

Coordinates: 52 ° 22 ′ 34.7 "  N , 9 ° 41 ′ 42.7"  E