Lord Howe Archipelago

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Lord Howe Archipelago
Unofficial flag of the archipelago
Unofficial flag of the archipelago
Waters Tasman Sea
Geographical location 31 ° 33 ′  S , 159 ° 5 ′  E Coordinates: 31 ° 33 ′  S , 159 ° 5 ′  E
Map of Lord Howe Archipelago
Number of islands 28
Main island Lord Howe Island
Total land area 56 km²
Residents 382 (2016)

The Lord Howe Island Group ( ger .: Lord Howe Iceland Group ) is an Australian , about 630 kilometers off the east coast of the Australian state of New South Wales situated islands in the Tasman Sea , a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean .


The archipelago includes in particular:

  • the Lord Howe Island , the largest, eponymous and now only inhabited island of the group,
  • the striking rock island Ball's Pyramid , about 20 kilometers southeast of the main island,
  • the Roach Island and the Admiralty Islands northeast of the main island,
  • the Mutton Bird Island and a half kilometers east of Lord Howe Island,
  • the Gower Island , just off the southern tip of the main island
  • the Blackburn island in the lagoon
  • as well as some very small coral islands and isolated rocks.


The islands were discovered by chance on February 17, 1788 by the British navigator Henry Lidgbird Ball (1756-1818), commander of the sailing ship HMS Supply , on his crossing from Sydney to the Norfolk Island . The then uninhabited archipelago was baptized Ball after the British naval admiral Richard Howe (1726–1799), then also known as Lord Howe .

The rock island Ball's Pyramid and one of the two volcanic cones ( Mount Lidgbird ) on the main island are named after the discoverer of the islands .

natural reserve

In 1982 UNESCO put the archipelago on the World Heritage List under the name Lord Howe Island Group (reference number 186) . The sea around the islands is also protected separately by the Lord Howe Island Marine Park (480 square kilometers) established on February 26, 1999 .

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics : Lord Howe Island (L) ( English ) In: 2016 Census QuickStats . June 27, 2017. Accessed May 27, 2020.