Lord Howe Archipelago
|Lord Howe Archipelago|
|Unofficial flag of the archipelago|
|Number of islands||28|
|Main island||Lord Howe Island|
|Total land area||56 km²|
The Lord Howe Island Group ( ger .: Lord Howe Iceland Group ) is an Australian , about 630 kilometers off the east coast of the Australian state of New South Wales situated islands in the Tasman Sea , a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean .
The archipelago includes in particular:
- the Lord Howe Island , the largest, eponymous and now only inhabited island of the group,
- the striking rock island Ball's Pyramid , about 20 kilometers southeast of the main island,
- the Roach Island and the Admiralty Islands northeast of the main island,
- the Mutton Bird Island and a half kilometers east of Lord Howe Island,
- the Gower Island , just off the southern tip of the main island
- the Blackburn island in the lagoon
- as well as some very small coral islands and isolated rocks.
The islands were discovered by chance on February 17, 1788 by the British navigator Henry Lidgbird Ball (1756-1818), commander of the sailing ship HMS Supply , on his crossing from Sydney to the Norfolk Island . The then uninhabited archipelago was baptized Ball after the British naval admiral Richard Howe (1726–1799), then also known as Lord Howe .
The rock island Ball's Pyramid and one of the two volcanic cones ( Mount Lidgbird ) on the main island are named after the discoverer of the islands .
In 1982 UNESCO put the archipelago on the World Heritage List under the name Lord Howe Island Group (reference number 186) . The sea around the islands is also protected separately by the Lord Howe Island Marine Park (480 square kilometers) established on February 26, 1999 .
- Entry on the UNESCO World Heritage Center website ( English and French ).
- Further information on the archipelago (English)