Lore Feininger

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lore Feininger , actually Eleonore or Leonore Helene (born December 14, 1901 in Berlin ; † November 8, 1991 ibid) was a German portrait and architecture photographer working in Berlin . Lore Feininger was the first daughter of the German- American painter Lyonel Feininger and half-sister of the photographers Andreas Feininger and Theodore Lux Feininger as well as the musicologist Laurence Feininger .

life and work

Lore Feininger was born on December 14, 1901 as the first daughter of Lyonel Feininger and his first wife Clara, nee. Prince born. Lyonel Feininger met the pianist Clara Fürst, the daughter of the painter Gustav Gerson Fürst, through his fellow student Edmund Fürst , and married her on February 23, 1901. After Lyonel Feininger separated from his wife in 1905, Clara Feininger moved her daughters, called Elenore Lore and Marianne (born 1902) alone in Berlin.

In 1918 Lore Feininger began studying painting at the Berlin School of Fine Arts . After a fatal incident near her Berlin academy by Spartacists, "my dream job broke right at the beginning ..." after her mother, out of caution , had apprenticed her to the family portrait photographer Suse Byk in Berlin. After three years of training, she worked in the studio of the fashion and portrait photographer Karl Schenker until 1924 . Due to the economic difficulties during the hyperinflation of 1923, she had to leave the studio and worked for a Berlin bank on short notice.

She then worked for Ullstein-Verlag in the late 1920s as a developer in the photo laboratory and as a portrait photographer. In 1927 she opened her own photo studio for portrait, architecture and object photography. During this time she took numerous portrait photographs of artists. Among other things, she also portrayed her father Lyonel and her half-brother Theodore Lux at the Bauhaus . In 1930 she took part in the international photography exhibition Das Lichtbild in Munich .

While her uncle Edmund Fürst and his family emigrated to Palestine in 1934 and her father Lyonel to America in 1938, Lore stayed with her mother in Berlin. Her mother, as a so-called " valid Jew, " was first deported to Theresienstadt on January 10, 1944 and from there to Auschwitz in October 1944 , where she was murdered. Lore Feininger writes that her mother was shot while trying to escape. From 1938 to 1943 Lore Feininger taught at the United State School for Fine and Applied Arts . She worked and taught in a photo laboratory at the state school at Hardenbergstrasse 33. Her photographs were also used in magazines and to equip books during the Second World War . Lore Feininger was bombed twice in Berlin, with her photo laboratory and the photographer's negative archive being completely destroyed in 1943.

After the Second World War, she worked in a photo lab for the US Army from 1945 to 1949 . When it became known in 1950 that the newly founded University of Fine Arts wanted to set up a photography class, Lore Feinininger also applied for a lectureship alongside Hans Cürlis and Fritz Eschen . In the following years she specialized increasingly in property and architectural photography. In addition to photography, she also devoted herself to song composition and was a co-founder of the International Working Group on Women and Music

Photographs by Lore Feininger belong to the holdings of numerous museums, including the Museum Folkwang and the Museum of Modern Art , which acquired the photographs of the art collector Thomas Walther and made them accessible to the public.


Lore Feininger's 15-page autobiography is the document of an artist whose youth was affected by the First World War and whose career was completely dominated by the Second World War. With her own ease of narration, shocking personal experiences are almost lost. This includes the sober statement that after being bombed out as a homeless woman, she was raped five times by Russian soldiers.


Lore Feininger leaves behind a large number of (mostly) song compositions of the entertainment genre, which she lists in her autobiography, First came the piano , with title and year. The text is published in the volume Composers in Berlin for the 750th anniversary of the city of Berlin in 1987, edited by Musikfrauen e. V. Berlin . She wrote the lyrics for most of the songs. As a child she had piano lessons from her mother for ten years, a piano student of Artur Schnabel . Her late beginning to compose (1957) was, as she describes, triggered by a kind of true dream after the death of her father, from which she awoke and sketched her first piece that night. Her music was a public success in Berlin. When she noticed that pieces of her were repeatedly "stolen" without naming her name, for example in a Berolina broadcast on radio, at RIAS Berlin and in the film Seventeen Years, Blond Hair , she applied for copyright protection from GEMA in 1964 for what her succeeded from 1965. From the requirements of this institute it can be seen that they had to prove “public appearances”, “40 compositions” and “study of harmony”.

Her compositions have apparently not been viewed or published today.

Works (selection)

  • Jack Smith-Saenger, photograph 1928
  • Lyonel Feininger, photograph 1928

Literature by Lore Feininger

  • From the workshop of father Lyonel , Archivarion Deutscher Archiv, Berlin 1957
  • First came the piano . Autobiographical article in: Female composers in Berlin , ed. by B.Brandt, M.Helmig, B.Kaiser, B.Salomon u. A. Westerkamp, ​​Berlin 1987 ( 750 Years of Berlin 1987 ), pp. 299-314.

Literature about Lore Feininger

  • Egon H. Strassburger: Children, with 100 images in gravure printing , Reimar Hobbing, Berlin 1931
  • Hans Reuter (Hrsg.): Das Lichtbild - Master Images of Photography , Die Buchgemeinde, Berlin 1932

Individual evidence

  1. a b Stolpersteine ​​in Berlin | Places & biographies of the stumbling blocks in Berlin. In: www.stolpersteine-berlin.de. Retrieved December 8, 2016 .
  2. ^ Ulrich Luckhardt: Lyonel Feininger . Prestel, Munich, Berlin, London, New York 2004, ISBN 3-7913-2041-6 , pp. 174 .
  3. Leonore Feininger: First came the piano . Autobiographical article in: Female composers in Berlin , ed. by B.Brandt, M.Helmig, B.Kaiser, B.Salomon u. A. Westerkamp, ​​Berlin 1987 ( 750 Years of Berlin 1987 ), pp. 299-314, here p. 302.
  4. Miriam Halwani: Karl Schenker . Ed .: Museum Ludwig. Walther König, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-3-96098-020-9 , p. 204 .
  5. Lore Feininger | Object: Photo | MoMA. In: www.moma.org. Retrieved December 9, 2016 .
  6. T. Lux Feininger: Bauhaus100. In: www.bauhaus100.de. Retrieved December 9, 2016 .
  7. International exhibition Das Lichtbild . In: Munich Federation and Association Exhibition Park Munich (Hrsg.): Exhibition catalog . Munich 1930, p. 47 .
  8. First came the piano , 1987, p. 304.
  9. Original photography by Lore Feininger around 1940. - Retouched original print for reproduction in a book publication. von Feininger, Lore, (Eleonore) :: Berlin, no year (around 1940). - Portrait format approx. 18 x 23.5 cm. - Second-hand bookshop possible. In: www.zvab.com. Retrieved December 10, 2016 .
  10. Christine Fischer-Defoy: "Art, under construction a stone": the West Berlin art and music colleges in the field of tension of the post-war period . University of the Arts, Berlin 2001, p. 160 f .
  11. Brunhilde Sunday, Renate Matthei: approaching seven composers: with reports, interviews and self-portraits . tape 1 . Furore, Kassel 1986, ISBN 978-3-9801326-4-0 , p. 16 .
  12. Peter Richter, New York: Avant-garde Photography of the 1930s: Jump into the Eye . In: sueddeutsche.de . ISSN  0174-4917 ( sueddeutsche.de [accessed December 8, 2016]).
  13. ^ Museum Folkwang: Photographers in the Museum Folkwang. In: Museum Folkwang. Retrieved December 14, 2016 .
  14. First came the piano in 1987, p. 304.
  15. First came the piano in 1987, p. 313/14.
  16. First came the piano in 1987, p. 305.
  17. First came the piano in 1987, p. 309.
  18. Erich Salomon | Object: Photo | MoMA. In: www.moma.org. Retrieved December 8, 2016 .
  19. ^ William Grimes: T. Lux Feininger, Photographer and Painter, Dies at 101 . In: The New York Times . July 13, 2011, ISSN  0362-4331 ( nytimes.com [accessed December 8, 2016]).

Web links