Until 1975 the city carried the Portuguese name Vila Teixeira de Sousa, after the Portuguese politician António Teixeira de Sousa (1857-1917). After independence in 1975 it was given its current name.
After 26 years of civil war in Angola (1975–2002), the population shrank drastically from a former population of 90,000 . The civil war had destroyed all the supply routes in the city and its strategic location on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo made Luau both rebels of UNITA as interesting for the government forces. When the conflicts of interest concentrated on Luau, the majority of the population left the city. As the “legacy” of the war, a good 13 minefields were left around and in the city.
After the end of the civil war in 2002, and the subsequent economic boom and advanced mine clearance, the population grew again, especially due to returning refugees. The population of Luau was again estimated at over 70,000 in 2013. The 2014 census should provide precise population data.
From the local border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, an overland road leads to Saurimo .
sons and daughters of the town
- António Segadães Tavares (* 1944), Portuguese civil engineer
- Profile of Luau County on the 2014 Census Official Website
- Article of February 4, 2014 about new educational and health facilities in the district , state news agency ANGOP , accessed on April 28, 2014
- Article from February 1, 2013 on the news portal www.portaldeangola.com, accessed on April 28, 2014