Mamoun Beheiry

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Mamoun Ahmed Abdel Wahab Beheiry (* October 1925 in Um Ruaba ; † August 2002 in Sudan ) was a Sudanese economist , first president of the African Development Bank (AfEB) and several times Minister of Finance of his home country.


Beheiry was born in Um Ruaba and grew up in the city of Wad Madani , where he attended elementary and middle school. To further his education, he went to Victoria College in Alexandria, Egypt, and from there to the United Kingdom ; Sudan was then part of the British Empire as a colony of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan . In 1946 he was at Brasenose College of Oxford University added he with a 1949 Bachelor of Arts (Hons.) In philosophy , political science and economics left.

From 1950 to 1952 he was Inspector of Finance ( Financial Controller) , from 1952 to 1954 Senior Inspector [of Finance] ( main financial controller) , 1954-1956 Joint Secretary ( assistant secretary ) in the Ministry of Finance and Economics, and from 1956 to 1958 Deputy Under Secretary ( of State ) for foreign financing and development as well as the board of the Sudan Agricultural credit Bank. At the same time he was a member of the administrative board of the University of Khartoum from 1952 to 1963 and a member of the city council of Khartoum from 1957 to 1963 .

In February 1960 he became the first director of the newly formed Central Bank of Sudan , which he remained until 1963. From 1963 to 1964 he was Minister of Finance and Economy, which made him one of the first people born in Africa to study “in the West” and later to become a minister at home.

During the first meeting of the Board of Directors of the African Development Bank (AfEB) from November 4 to 7, 1964 in Lagos , which consisted mainly of finance ministers from the member states, Beheiry was elected the first president of the AfEB, which was founded on August 4, 1963, whose basic idea was He had been a member of the All African People's Conference in Tunis in 1960 and chaired a symposium of 33 African countries in the Sudanese capital Khartoum in 1963 , which was the forerunner of the Conference of Finance Ministers, which advanced preparations for the establishment of a development bank. Furthermore was Beheiry member in June 1962 in Monrovia convened by the Ministerial Conference of nine States Committee of Nine ( Committee of Nine ), which should coordinate the establishment of an African Development Bank and promote what they sent delegations to African and non-African States; Beheiry led the delegation to Europe which visited the Netherlands , France , the United Kingdom and West Germany .

During his term of office, he moved into the headquarters in Abidjan in March 1965 and began work with initially 10 employees in July 1966 and finally the first two development contracts of AfEB in the amount of 2.3 million US dollars for an equity stake in the National Development Bank of Sierre Leone and a loan to finance a road in Kenya in 1967.

In 1969 he was re-elected President at the request of the Board of Governors , but resigned from office on January 19, 1970 and was replaced by Vice President Abdelwahab Labidi .

In January 1975 he was appointed Minister of Finance and National Economy for the second time. From February 1976 he was Minister of Finance, Economic Planning national economy and also Economic Advisor ( Economic Adviser ) for the Vice-President and the Prime Minister of Sudan.

In the following years he was chairman of several banks: Islamic Cooperative Bank, Sudanese French Bank, El-Nilein Insurance Company Sudan Shipping Lines and Alliance Co. LTD for Trade.

Beheiry died in Sudan in August 2002, leaving behind a wife, a daughter and a son of their four children.


  • Glimpses from the Life of a Sudanese Public Servant. Sudanc: MOBasheer Center for Sudanese Studies, 2003.

Individual evidence

  1. Mamoun CV In: Mamoun Behairy Center for Economic and Social Studies and Research in Africa. Retrieved May 29, 2020 .
  2. a b c Olivia Durand: Mamoun Beheiry [c. 1925-2002]. In: Oxford and Empire. University of Oxford, accessed May 29, 2020 .
  3. a b c d e f g Mamoun Ahmed A. Beheiry. In: Central Bank of Sudan. Retrieved May 29, 2020 .
  4. About. In: Central Bank of Sudan. August 29, 2009, accessed June 2, 2020 .
  5. a b S. a Akintan: The Law of International Economic Institutions in Africa . BRILL, 1977, ISBN 978-90-286-0137-6 ( [accessed June 5, 2020]).
  6. ^ A b African Development Bank, Mamoun Ahmed Beheiry: Information [folder] . The Bank, 1969 ( [accessed May 30, 2020]).
  7. 50 years at the service of Africa, 1964-2014. In: May 2015, accessed on June 5, 2020 .
  8. ^ African Development Bank: AfDB Group: The first 50 years. April 3, 2019, accessed on May 29, 2020 .
  9. ^ African Development Bank: AfDB President makes a courtesy call on the widow of the first President of the African Development Bank Group. January 24, 2019, accessed May 30, 2020 .