The plebeian Marcier ( Latin : Marcii or gens Marcia ) were a respected, widely ramified Roman family. Important branches of the family were the Philippi and the Reges . The name is derived from the prenomen Marcus by adding the suffix -ius . According to Plutarch in his biography of the legendary Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, there was also a patrician branch of the gens Marcia. In the fasti consulares, however, no Marcii are listed as clearly patrician consuls. The first historically guaranteed Marcius is a tribune ( tribunus plebis ) in 389 BC. Based on a suggestion by Cicero , Theodor Mommsen believed that the Marcier invented Coriolanus - to glorify their sex, the plebeian nobility and the plebeians as a whole. Only, according to Livy, in 210 BC Rex sacrorum Marcus Marcius, who died in the 4th century BC, can be cited as an indication of the patricianship of a branch of the family, since according to Cicero this office was exclusively reserved for the patrician nobility during the republican period. However, here too a plebeian descent is more likely, since the appointment of Marcus Marcius apparently fell during the term of office of the first verifiably plebeian pontiff Maximus Lucius Caecilius Metellus and thus in a conflict-ridden historical period.
- Numa Pompilius († allegedly 671 BC), the second king of Rome, is the progenitor of the Marcier family.
- Ancus Marcius († allegedly 616 BC), the fourth king of Rome, was Numa's maternal grandson.
- Gaius Marcius Censorinus (follower of Marius) († 82 BC), Roman politician and military
- Gaius Marcius Censorinus (consul 8 BC) († around 3 AD), Roman politician
- Gaius Marcius Figulus (Consul 162 BC) , Roman Consul 162 BC BC and 156 BC Chr.
- Gaius Marcius Figulus (Consul 64 BC)
- Gaius Marcius Rutilus was consul four times.
- Gaius Marcius Rutilus Censorinus , son of the previous one, was consul in 310 BC. And were twice elected censor, but then passed a law prohibiting two applications for this office.
- Gaius Marcius Macedo , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus († allegedly 488 BC) led an army of the Volscians against Rome after his conviction to lifelong exile .
- Gnaeus Marcius Rutilus was 389 BC Chr. Tribunus plebis.
- Lucius Marcius Censorinus (consul 149 BC) , Roman politician and senator
- Lucius Marcius Censorinus (mint master) , Roman mint master
- Lucius Marcius Censorinus (consul 39 BC) , Roman politician and senator
- Lucius Marcius Figulus , Roman naval commander
- Lucius Marcius Philippus (consul 91 BC) , Roman politician
- Lucius Marcius Philippus (consul 56 BC) (~ 102 BC – after 43 BC), Roman politician
- Lucius Marcius Philippus (suffect consul 38 BC) (~ 80 BC – after 33 BC), Roman politician
- Lucius Marcius Sabula , Roman officer (imperial era)
- Marcus Marcius ( Rex sacrorum ; † 210 BC), was the first and only plebeian to hold the priesthood of Rex Sacrorum ; The cognomen "Rex" of the "Marcii Rex" presumably goes back to this memorable event (ie not to the reference to Ancus Marcius) , which as a branch of the gens in the sources for the first time in Livius for the year 196 BC. With a representative (Quintus Marcius Rex as tribunus plebis)
- Marcus Marcius Macer , Roman consul 100
Quintus Marcius Barea Soranus , Roman suffect consul 52
- Quintus Marcius Philippus (consul 281 BC) , Roman politician
- Quintus Marcius Philippus (Consul 186 BC) (* ~ 229 BC), Roman politician
- Quintus Marcius Rex (Praetor) , Roman politician, built the aqueduct Aqua Marcia
- Quintus Marcius Rex (consul 118 BC) , Roman politician
- Quintus Marcius Rex (consul 68 BC) (before 110 BC – 61 BC), Roman politician
- Quintus Marcius Crispus , general Gaius Iulius Caesar
- Quintus Marcius Ralla , Roman politician, tribune 196 BC. Chr.
- Quintus Marcius Tremulus , Roman consul 306 BC. BC and 288 BC Chr.
- Quintus Marcius Turbo , Roman military and Praetorian prefect
Traces of the personal name Marcius
A number of French places are called Mercy . In some cases this toponym is traced back to the Latin patronymic Marcius or Mercius , for example at Mercy in the Allier department and at Mercey-sur-Saône .
- Hans Georg Gundel , Rudolf Hanslik : Marcius. In: The Little Pauly (KlP). Volume 3, Stuttgart 1969, Sp. 998-1006.
- Edwin Charles Clarke , History of Roman Private Law. P. 183f ( digitized version ).
- Jörg Rüpke , Status and Individualization among Roman Priests of the Republican Era in Pedro Barceló (ed.), Religious Fundamentalism in the Roman Empire. Potsdam Classical Studies Vol. 29. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2010, 16 ( PDF )
- Toponymie générale de la France by Ernest Nègre, page 571
- Plutarch: The Life of Coriolanus - contains some introductory sentences on the Marcians