Mikhail Tschyhir

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Cyrillic ( Belarusian )
Міхаіл Мікалаевіч Чыгір
Łacinka : Michaił Mikałajevič Čyhir
Transl. : Michail Mikalaevič Čyhir
Transcr. : Mikhail Mikalajewitsch Tschyhir
Cyrillic ( Russian )
Михаил Николаевич Чигирь
Transl .: Mikhail

Nikolaevič Čigir '

Transcr .: Mikhail Nikolajewitsch Tschigir

Michail Tschyhir (born May 24, 1948 in Ussawa , Kapylski rajon , Minskaja Woblasz , Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic , Soviet Union ) is a Belarusian politician .


Michail Tschyhir studied at the Belarusian State Institute of Economics until 1970. In 1982 he graduated from the Faculty of Foreign Economic Relations at the Moscow Institute of Finance.

Career as a banker

From 1970 to 1971 Chyhir worked in a branch of the State Bank of the USSR in Salihorsk (Minsk Region). From 1971 to 1972 he headed the credit department of the state bank branch in Berasino (Woblast Minsk) and then began his military service.

In 1983 Tschyhir moved to Minsk , where he again initially worked in various functions for the local department of the Soviet State Bank. Later he switched to the Agroprombank .

Political activity

Tschyhir began his political career as the first Belarusian prime minister under the 1994 elected President Aljaksandr Lukashenka . As early as 1996, however, he resigned his office and on this occasion sharply criticized the state president for his authoritarian leadership style. After his resignation, Tschyhir first moved to Moscow , where he worked for a European group.

In 1999 he returned to Belarus and ran unsuccessfully in the presidential election in 2001 and in the parliamentary elections in 2000 . He named the elimination of the authoritarian regime as the goal of his political activity.

Shortly after Chyhir's return from Moscow, criminal investigations began against him. Among other things, he was accused of tax evasion and abuse of his official powers. After years of litigation, he was finally sentenced in July 2002 to prison and repayment of the financial damage suffered.

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