|Residents :||432,456 (1999)|
It is the capital of the Namangan Province in the north of the multicultural Ferghana Valley . It forms a stronghold of the Uzbeks in this area claimed by Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan . Namangan is the local center of the Islamic religion.
Namangan, an important industrial center, is located in an area with considerable deposits of petroleum, gold, copper and quartz. The city is the center of the oil industry and there is an antimony mine nearby. The agricultural sector is dominated by the cultivation of cotton , fruits and vegetables. The Northern Ferghana Canal derives the necessary quantities of water from the Syr Darja.
The settlement of Namangan has been known since the 15th century, and in the mid-18th century the city was part of the Kokand Khanate . After the Russian annexation in 1876, cotton cultivation was established in the region. According to Meyer's Konversations-Lexikon , Namangan was the area's main market at the turn of the century, with "4,000 houses, 1,000 shops, 250 mosques, lively cotton mills, large markets selling 300,000 steppe sheep annually, and a significant trade in fruit, furs and felts" and 61,906 Residents. In 1926 an earthquake shook the city. In the Soviet era, too, Islamic customs such as polygyny and the veiling of women were able to prevail into the 1960s.
Sights in Namangan include a nature and history museum, the 17th / 18th century Hodja Amin Kabri mausoleum. Century and the Mullah-Kyrgyz Medrese (1910).
sons and daughters of the town
- Sergei Syrzow (* 1966), Russian weightlifter and sports official
- Odil Ahmedov (* 1987), football player
- Klaus Pander: Central Asia. DuMont Reiseverlag 2000
- Namangan area in Meyers Konversationslexikon from 1888
- Namangan area in Meyers Konversationslexikon from 1908
- Marianne Kamp: The new woman in Uzbekistan. Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling under Communism. Seattle, London: University of Washington Press 2006. ISBN 978-0-295-98644-9