Municipality of Nordheim before the Rhön
|Height :||350 m above sea level NN|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||97647|
|Area code :||09779|
Neustädtles is located northeast of Nordheim not far from the Bavarian - Thuringian border between the mountains between Höhnberg, Königsburg and Hasenkopf, directly adjacent to the neighboring communities of Willmars and Fladungen .
Neustädtles was first mentioned in 1422 as the Fulda man fief of the Lords of Kere. Eberhard von der Kere sold the place in 1426 under the name "Neustättiges" to the brothers Sebastian, Melchior, Kilian and Friedrich von der Thann . After several changes of ownership, the former Ansbach State Minister, Imperial Count Julius von Soden, bought the Neustädtles manor in 1794 for around 150,000 guilders . In 1794, Julius von Soden had nine new one-story houses built around the old manor house and took in settlers from different areas, so that the village soon had 20 apartments with 51 inhabitants.
The Waldgut Neustädtles belonged to the knightly canton Rhön-Werra in the Franconian knight circle . The respective owners of the property exercised the lower jurisdiction as well as the police, village, field and market rule; they were entitled to the practice of hunting and fishing rights. With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803, the Imperial Knighthood also lost its independence in the knightly canton of Rhön-Werra. The duties of the knightly lordship were transferred to the newly founded Kingdom of Bavaria in 1808 , the jurisdiction to the district court of Mellrichstadt . The school teacher and the school were now appointed and financed by the state. In 1808 the neighboring Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen and the Grand Duchy of Würzburg agreed to swap territory. It came u. a. the Saxon fiefdom of Neustädtle to Würzburg. With the dissolution of the Rhine Confederation in 1814, the existence of the Grand Duchy of Würzburg also ended. By resolution of the Congress of Vienna , the Grand Duchy of Würzburg fell largely to Bavaria . Since then, Neustädtles has belonged to the Lower Main District (today the Lower Franconia administrative region ).
In 1821 there were 270 people living in 39 houses. In 1796 the evangelical manor decided to build a church for the evangelical residents of the village. The project was only implemented 50 years later, so that the Protestant church could not be inaugurated until 1856. In 1811 the local Catholic community became a charitable branch of Nordheim. After long preliminary negotiations, the Catholic Church was built in 1864.
In 1864 Neustädtles received its own cemetery in 1864, and around 1900 the von Soden family cemetery was built on the edge of the forest. At the end of the 19th century the place had two schools, one Protestant and one Catholic. Neustädtles has had a central water supply since 1932 and central sewage disposal since 1967.
The population declined in the 1960s and is now around 200.
The two churches in the village have around 145 Catholic and around 50 Protestant Christians.
Culture and sights
- Castle of Soden
- Protestant church
- Catholic parish church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary with cemetery, built in 1864; with equipment; cemetery cross in the cemetery, 2nd half of the 19th century
- Jewish cemetery from 1833
- Carnevalsverein Neustädtles, founded in 1966
- Neustädtles volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1886
- Gesangverein Neustädtles, founded 1921
- TSV Neustädtles - Turnverein primarily operates football and table tennis
- Alfred von Soden (1866–1943), Lieutenant General
- Festival magazine for the 100th anniversary of the Neustädtle volunteer fire brigade from June 7th to 9th, 1986
- History of Neustädtles on the Nordheim vd Rhön website ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ).
- Power and rule between the Peace of Westphalia and the Congress of Vienna (topic). rhoen.info. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 520 .
- magazine for the 100th anniversary of the Neustädtle volunteer fire department from June 7th to 9th, 1986 . 1986.