Niklaus Vintler

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Niklaus Vintler (also: Nikolaus or Niklas Vintler) (* around 1345 ; † 1413 ) was a wealthy citizen of Bolzano and the most important member of the early Vintler family . As chief bailiff he was from 1392 on behalf of the Habsburgs at the head of the financial administration of the County of Tyrol .


Niklaus was the son of Konrad II. Vintler and Agnes Weiss (called the Vintlerin ). Niklaus Vintler was probably born around 1345. Since 1367 it appears frequently in the documents . At that time, the Vintlers already own several buildings in the city.

Niklaus Vintler dressed under Duke Leopold III. important offices in Tyrol , he was sovereign bailiff on the Adige and in 1368 - together with his brothers Franz and Hans - he was given the important municipal supply office of Bozener Kornwaage as a fief . As sovereign judge von Gries from 1373 and chairman of the Heilig-Geist-Spital von Bozen from 1374/75, Vintler held central positions in the inner-city power structure.

In 1385 he and his brother Franz bought the Runkelstein Castle . From 1388 he had all the rooms of the castle and the courtyard painted with secular frescoes and thus created the most extensive secular fresco cycle of the Middle Ages that is still preserved today.

Niklaus Vintler acquired the late Romanesque castle Runkelstein near Bozen in 1385 and had it expanded.
On the edge of the tournament fresco, Niklaus Vintler had himself depicted around 1394.

The good relationship that Niklaus Vintler had with Duke Leopold III. had, sat even after his death in 1386 under the dukes Albrecht III. and Leopold's son Leopold IV . In 1392 Vintler was taken over by Duke Albrecht III. appointed by Austria to the highest bailiff in Tyrol.

At the beginning of the 15th century, Niklaus Vintler held the office of caretaker of Reinegg Castle and the Sarnthein court . Niklaus Vintler was unable to build up such a good relationship with Duke Friedrich, who ruled Tyrol from 1406, with the empty pocket , although on September 14, 1407 the Duke transferred goods and farms to Niklaus Vintler in Durnholz in the Sarntal, as a pledge for 1535 ducats , which he had lent to the Duke.

Although Niklaus served the Duke as ambassador to the Doge's court in Venice , he got caught up in financial struggles that were his undoing in the first decade of the 15th century. The most powerful nobleman in the country, Heinrich V von Rottenburg , had loaned Duke Leopold IV. 5000 ducats. The brothers Franz and Niklaus Vintler had guaranteed the Rottenburger that this amount would be reimbursed. Henry V had died in 1400, and his son Henry VI. In 1407 von Rottenburg demanded the loaned sum back from Duke Friedrich with the empty pocket, but he refused to pay it. That is why the Rottenburger kept the Vintler's property harmless and occupied, among other things, the Rendelstein Castle near Bozen. Niklaus Vintler then turned to the Duke for help, whereupon Heinrich von Rottenburg had to return the Rendelstein Castle to the Vintlers.

The near Runkelstein Castle, Rendelstein Castle, also belonged to the Vintlers at the end of the 14th century.

On March 11, 1409, a comparison was made between the Rottenburger and the Vintlers. In this the Vintlers kept the castles Runkelstein and Rendelstein, but offered to hand over their pledged possessions to the Rottenburger if he would give them the guarantee letter for 5000 ducats. Friedrich refused to agree to this comparison. Under all circumstances he wanted to prevent the Rottenburger from uniting even more pawned property in his hand. In any case, Friedrich intended to collect this lien in favor of the Princely Chamber.

In May 1409 Duke Friedrich besieged the Vintlers at Runkelstein Castle in order to prevent the transfer of the Pfandbriefe to the Rottenburger. So there was a discussion in Bolzano on May 11, 1409. Niklaus Vintler received safe conduct from Duke Friedrich. The Duke paid off the old debt of 5000 ducats and confirmed that the Vintlers owned the property , but insisted on the return of the pledges. Despite the temporary siege, Runkelstein Castle was probably not damaged during these incidents.


  • Nicolò Rasmo : Runkelstein . In: Tiroler Burgenbuch, V. Sarntal . Bolzano 1981.
  • Helmut Stampfer : Rendelstein . In: Tiroler Burgenbuch, V. Sarntal . Bolzano 1981.
  • Armin Torggler: The time of Hans Vintler , in: War - Usury - Superstition. Hans Vintler and Runkelstein Castle (= Runkelsteiner Schriften zur Kulturgeschichte 3), Athesia-Verlag, Bozen 2011, pp. 13–44, ISBN 978-88-8266-787-0 .
  • René Wetzel: Quis dicet originis annos? The Runkelsteiner Vintler - construction of a noble identity . In: Schloss Runkelstein - Die Bilderburg , ed. from the city of Bolzano with the participation of the South Tyrolean Cultural Institute. Bozen 2000, pp. 291-310.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hannes Obermair : Bozen Süd - Bolzano Nord. Written form and documentary tradition of the city of Bozen up to 1500 . Volume 1. Bozen: Stadtgemeinde Bozen 2005, ISBN 88-901870-0-X , pp. 366-367.

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