Nina de Callias

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Nina de Callias was the model for the painting La dame aux éventails by Édouard Manet .

Nina de Callias , also Nina de Villard , born as Anne-Marie Gaillardet , (* July 12, 1843 in Lyon , Département Rhône , † July 22, 1884 in Vanves , Département Hauts-de-Seine ) was a French salonnière and writer.


Anne-Marie Gaillardet was the daughter of a wealthy lawyer in Lyon. In her parents' house she met Count Hector de Callias , who wrote as a journalist for the newspaper Le Figaro , among others . Shortly after they got to know each other, she married him and went to Paris with him.

In Paris she soon met Apollonie Sabatier , who called herself Nina de Callias and, after her divorce, Nina de Villard , whom she introduced to society in her salon on Rue Frochot. There she met the writer Charles Cros , whose lover she became. In his letters he occasionally called her "la rein des fichus". Via Cros she came into the circle of the Parnassians and Alphonse Lemerre included some of her poems in the later famous anthology Le Parnasse contemporain .

When the political situation deteriorated in 1870 and the Franco-German War threatened to break out, Nina de Callias went to Geneva with her mother . She only returned to Paris after the peace treaty of May 10, 1871. In addition to Charles Cros, she had love affairs with the writers Edmond Bazire and Auguste de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam , who frequented her salon as well as the authors Léon Dierx , Germain Nouveau , Maurice Talmeyr , Henri Rochefort , Raoul Ponchon , Anatole France , Léon Valade , Camille Pelletan , Jean Richepin , Paul Verlaine , Charles Leconte de Lisle , Maurice Rollinat and Stéphane Mallarmé . There were also the musicians Ernest Cabaner and François Coppée , the painters Jean-Louis Forain , Édouard Manet , Franc-Lamy and Marcellin Desboutin , as well as various actresses, including Henriette Hauser , the mistress of the Dutch crown prince. Nina de Callias, who also composed herself, was an excellent musician and regularly played the piano in her salon.

Continuous alcohol abuse caused a breakdown in 1884 from which she was unable to recover. On July 22, 1884, Nina de Callias died 14 days after her 41st birthday in a clinic in Vanves.

Works (selection)

  • La Duchesse Diane. Saynète en vers . 1882
  • Feuillets parisiens. Poèsies . 1885

Individual evidence

  1. La dame aux éventails - Nina de Callias, modèle de Manet ( Memento of the original from February 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. at the Musée d'Orsay @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Manet: 1832-1883 , 1984, p. 348.
  3. Manet: 1832-1883 , 1984, p. 347.


Web links

Wikisource: Nina de Callias  - Sources and full texts (French)