Nordheimer birds

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The Nordheimer Vögelein vineyards in front of Nordheim am Main (behind Escherndorf with its vineyards)

Nordheimer Vögelein is one of the best-known and largest vineyards in the Franconian region . It is located in the district of Nordheim am Main in the Lower Franconian district of Kitzingen .

Geographical location and geology

The vineyard is on the so-called wine island near the village of Nordheim am Main. It occupies large parts of the 287 m high Kreuzberg, which dominates the island. In the north, Nordheim delimits the vineyard area and in the east begins the Nordheimer Kreuzberg vineyard . The vineyard lies in the so-called Volkacher Mainschleife , the river flows past it to the west. To the south is the Sommeracher Katzenkopf vineyard .

The Nordheimer Vögelein vineyard covers an area of ​​around 230 hectares and is part of the Volkacher Kirchberg site in the Volkacher Mainschleife area . This makes it one of the largest individual sites in the entire wine-growing region. The vineyards are oriented to the south-west or north-west, which creates a heterogeneous microclimate that makes cultivation difficult. The grapes grow on the soils of the shell limestone , and Lettenkeuper can also be found at the top of the slope . There is Müller-Thurgau , Sylvaner , Kerner , Scheurebe and Bacchus grown.



The viticulture is detected at the Main loop since the beginning of the 10th century. Already in the document of 918, in which Nordheim was mentioned for the first time, there is talk of vineyards in the district. The Münsterschwarzach monastery , which was able to consolidate its influence over the village in the centuries to come, was one of the focal points of Franconian viticulture in the Middle Ages. On the one hand, the monks needed wine for liturgical services, on the other hand, sales were an important economic factor.

In Nordheim, at the end of the Middle Ages , the monastery set up the largest and most important cellar for storing wine in the abbey’s sphere of influence. At the same time the most splendid tithe courtyard was built there above the vaulted cellar. The village population also lived mostly from viticulture, which is why Nordheim was badly affected by bad wine years and had to pay high taxes in good ones. In 1666, however, the harvest was rich, with 52 bulbs stored in the cellars of the monastery village.

The abbots of Münsterschwarzach often lived in the Zehnthof during the grape harvest and supervised the work that was important for the monastery. In the 18th century, the two monastery villages of Nordheim and Sommerach took care of the baroque renovation of the buildings in the area of ​​the abbey, because several good wine years let the income skyrocket. In Nordheim at that time 592.5 bulbs, about 6100 hectoliters , were stored in a total of four cellars.

After the dissolution of the monastery in the course of secularization at the beginning of the 19th century, viticulture in Nordheim fell into a crisis. The vines were outdated and the monastery ceased to be a sales market. In the previous years, worse locations had also been planted with vines. From 1900 phylloxera appeared in Nordheim and many vineyards were given up. It was not until the 1980s that viticulture was able to stabilize.

In the post-war period , winegrowers' cooperatives were set up all over the region to better organize wine sales. The cooperative was founded in Nordheim in 1951 and was initially intended as an emergency solution. In the second half of the 20th century, the Nordheim district consisted of many fragmented vineyards. In the implementation of the Wine Law of 1971, all locations were combined into the individual locations Nordheimer Vögelein and Kreuzberg. The Nordheimer Vögelein was also mentioned in the 1988 comedy Man speaks deutsch .

Origin of name

In particular, the more recent literature suggests that the name "Vogelein" is closely connected with the Slavic settlement of the Main loop area. The Wendish word bird refers to coal mining. Perhaps the Vogelsburg was originally used for charcoal smelting before viticulture prevailed. It could have been similar in Nordheim. According to this research thesis, the closed wine-growing areas in this area could be traced back to the Slavic turns.

Wineries (selection)

Several renowned wineries now own vines on the slope of the Kreuzberg. In addition to a few locally recognized businesses, there are also a number of nationally known winegrowers and excellent goods in Nordheim.

  • Weingut am Kreuzberg, Nordheim
  • Weingut am Vögelein, Nordheim
  • Helmut Christ winery, Nordheim
  • Borst winery, Nordheim
  • Michael Büttner winery, Nordheim
  • DIVINO Nordheim Thüngersheim, Nordheim
  • Glaser winery, Nordheim
  • Glaser-Himmelstoss , Dettelbach and Nordheim winery
  • Knoblach winery, Nordheim
  • Roman Schneider winery, Nordheim
  • Rothe winery, Nordheim
  • Waldemar Braun winery, Nordheim


  • Hans Bauer: District of Kitzingen. An art and culture guide . Market wide 1993.
  • Franziskus Büll: The importance of viticulture for the Benedictine abbey Münsterschwarzach . In: Historical Section of the Bavarian Benedictine Academy (ed.): Studies and communications on the history of the Benedictine order and its branches, Vol. 119/2008 . St. Ottilien 2008. pp. 189-221.
  • Barbara Holtz: The vineyard names in the Kitzingen district . In: Andreas Pampuch (Hrsg.): Nature and landscape of the district of Kitzingen II. Volume . Kitzingen 1981. pp. 124-160.
  • Franz Pfrang: The history of viticulture on the Main loop . In: Ute Feuerbach (Ed.): Our Main Loop. 1978-1992 . Volkach 2008. pp. 23-28.
  • Michael Steinbacher: Slavic traces along the Volkacher Mainschleife . In: Yearbook for the district of Kitzingen 2017. Under the spell of the Schwanberg . Dettelbach 2017. pp. 303–323.

Web links

Commons : Nordheimer Vögelein  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Vineyard information: Nordheimer Vögelein , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  2. Weingut Glaser-Himmelstoss: Weinberg , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  3. ^ Bauer, Hans: District of Kitzingen . P. 191.
  4. ^ Pfrang, Franz: The history of viticulture on the Main loop . P. 23.
  5. ^ Büll, Franziskus: The importance of viticulture for the Benedictine abbey Münsterschwarzach . Pp. 207-210.
  6. Holtz, Barbara: The vineyards in the district of Kitzingen . P. 126.
  7. Steinbacher, Michael: Slavic traces along the Volkacher Mainschleife . Pp. 314-316.
  8. Weingut am Vögelein: Weingut , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  9. Weingut-Helmut-Christ: Weingut , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  10. Weingut Borst: Weine , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  11. Winery family: Weingut , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  12. Weingut Glaser-Himmelstoss: Weinberg , accessed on June 13, 2018.
  13. Weingut-Rothe: Weine , accessed on June 13, 2018.

Coordinates: 49 ° 51 ′ 3.4 ″  N , 10 ° 11 ′ 7 ″  E