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Opatów coat of arms
Opatów (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Holy Cross
Powiat : Opatów
Gmina : Opatów
Area : 9.36  km²
Geographic location : 50 ° 48 '  N , 21 ° 25'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 48 '18 "  N , 21 ° 25' 29"  E
Residents : 6580 (December 31, 2016)
Postal code : 27-500
Telephone code : (+48) 15
License plate : TOP
Economy and Transport
Street : Głogów Małopolski - Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski
Next international airport : Rzeszów-Jasionka

Opatów [ ɔˈpatuf ] ( Yiddish : Apt, Apta ) is a city in Poland in the Holy Cross Voivodeship . The place on the Opatówka is the seat of the Powiat Opatowski and the city-and-rural municipality Opatów .


The old castle Żmigród was located in today's old town. In 1189 the name Opatów was first mentioned.

In 1237 Duke Heinrich I handed the castle over to the Diocese of Lebus . In 1282 Duke Leszek the Black gave the diocese the right to grant Magdeburg city rights to the city and the surrounding villages . Shortly after 1300, Bishop John I had a palace built in Opatów as the residence of the bishops.

Since the 15th century Opatów was the seat of the Sejm of the then Sandomierz Voivodeship. In 1520 the diocese of Lebus lost the city.

Jewish life in Apt

Silver cult devices before 1939

Opatów ( called Apt in Yiddish ) was the first city in the Sandomir Voivodeship to mention a Jewish population in 1612. In 1765 about 2,000 Jews lived here, a considerable size for an Eastern European shtetl .

In 1939 about 6,000 Jews lived in the city. After the German occupation, a ghetto was set up in which 10,000 people lived. In 1942 it was cleared and the residents were taken to Treblinka or other camps and murdered.

local community

The town-and-country community ( gmina miejsko-wiejska ) includes the city of Opatów and other localities.


Collegiate Church of St. Martin

Tourist attractions are the collegiate church of St. Martin from the 12th century, a Franciscan monastery from the 15th century, a city ​​gate from the 16th century, a synagogue from the 17th century and other buildings.

sons and daughters of the town


  • Opatów , in: Guy Miron (Ed.): The Yad Vashem encyclopedia of the ghettos during the Holocaust . Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009 ISBN 978-965-308-345-5 , pp. 547f.

Web links

Commons : Opatów  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Virtual Shtetl : History of the Jewish community in Opatów . Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved July 15, 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.sztetl.org.pl