|Location of Ozamis in the Misamis Occidental Province|
|Region :||Northern Mindanao|
|Province :||Misamis Occidental|
|District:||1. District of Misamis Occidental|
|Income class :||2nd income bracket|
May 1, 2000 census
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||864.3 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||164.1 km²|
|Coordinates :||8 ° 9 ′ N , 123 ° 51 ′ E|
|Postal code :||7200|
|Area code :||+63 88|
|Geographical location in the Philippines|
Ozamis (also pronounced Ozamiz ) is a city in the Misamis Occidental province of the Philippines on the island of Mindanao .
Origin of name
The city is named after José F. Ozámiz , governor, congressman, resistance fighter and later (and to this day the only) senator of the province. The city was previously called Misamis .
Ozamiz is located at the entrance to Panguil Bay in the northwest of Mindanao Island. In the north of the city is the municipality of Clarin , in the east is the Bay of Iligan , the foothills of which the Bay of Panguil forms the city's coastline. It separates Ozamis City from its twin city, Iligan City on the other side of the bay. Tangub City is to the south and Don Victoriano Chiongbian is to the west .
Like many villages and towns of Misamis Occidental , Ozamis is also located along the Bay of Panguil, because on the one hand the hinterland is dominated by the extremely rugged mountain range of Mount Malindang , on the other hand the access to the sea offers an enormous economic advantage. The Malindang is a landmark of the city and the province of Misamis Occidental and has a summit height of 2,402 m above sea level.
Ozamiz is politically divided into 51 barangays .
The place Misamis was an old Spanish village that existed since the time, based as Jesuit missionaries the area. The origin of the name Misamis is believed to be in the word Kuyamis , a sweet type of coconut from the Subanon language, a people who settled the region long before the Spanish. From the name of the tree fruit that nourished the Subanon, the word in Misamis changed over the years and became a name for the place and the entire region.
Misamis and the entire northeast of Mindanao Island were originally populated by this peaceful Subanon people. Shortly before the arrival of the Spaniards, Misamis was repeatedly haunted by plundering pirates who came from the nearby province of Lanao. As a result of these attacks, the Subanon emigrated to the areas of today's provinces Misamis Oriental and Zamboanga del Norte , and there especially to Dapitan . Later immigrants from Bukidnon Province came to the area, followed by settlers from Cebu and Bohol .
Around 1757 pirate attacks on the coastal towns of the entire archipelago increased and Misamis was chosen as the berth for the Spanish conquistadors.
A stone fort, the "Cotta" (now known as Fort Santiago), was built over years of work and has been preserved to this day. Through this fortress and the surrounding village, Misamis became the new seat of the military government, which was moved here from Iligan. Misamis later became the capital of the district that included most of the provinces of northern Mindanao in the 18th and 19th centuries.
During the Japanese occupation of Misamis in World War II (1943–1945), the fortress "Cotta" became a garrison for part of the Japanese armed forces, who dug foxholes near and under the wall. These changes later led to the destruction of the south-west wing of the bastion in the 1955 earthquake.
Three years after the end of the war, when House Bill No. 1656 came into force on July 16, 1948, Misamis was renamed Ozamis City and at the same time, in honor of the future Senator Jose Ozamiz, Ozamis City.
Jose Ozamiz pioneered the underground resistance movement in Misamis Occidental against the Japanese occupiers. He was imprisoned in Fort Santiago and eventually executed in La Loma Cemetery along with other Filipino patriots.
Ozamiz falls under the 6th climate category. The weather is uniform, without major rain phases throughout the year. The months February to April are rather dry, while November and December are wet and humid. The temperature averages 27 ° C over the year.
The city is also outside the typhoon belt that grazes the northern regions of the Philippines, so tropical storms rarely hit Ozamis.
Ozamiz has a small airport about 3 kilometers further north. Ozamiz City Labo Airport is currently (as of Oct. 2012) served by Airphil Express and Cebu Pacific with the aircraft types Airbus A319 and A320. Direct flights to and from Manila make up the largest proportion of local flight movements.
- Fort Santiago (The "Cotta")
- Bukagan Hill
- The Botanical Garden
- The pipe organ in the Immaculate Conception Cathedral
- elgu.ncc.gov.ph - Ozamis City ( Memento from February 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Ozamiz City website