|Male: 10 kg.
Cat: 8 kg
|generally recognized colors:
|not generally recognized colors:
|permitted coat pattern:
|not allowed coat drawing:
|List of cat breeds
The Persian cat ( pers. گربهٔ ایرانی Gorbe-ye irāni , Iranian cat ') is one of the oldest and most popular pedigree cats . Persian cats share a common breed standard with Exotic Shorthair Cats and Colourpoints . They only differ in coat length, texture and color.
Character and main features
She is very calm, reserved, reliable and with a moderately pronounced urge for freedom, so the Persians are easy to keep without running freely. It is even beneficial, as this breed is very prone to matting and pilling. That is why they are among the most grooming breeds. Regular grooming takes time and patience, and grooming is recommended every two to three days.
Appearance / standard
Standard of the Persian cat (there may be deviations in the various clubs):
- Physique: Large to medium-sized, stocky body on short, short and stocky legs with round paws. Tufts of hair between the toes are desirable. A Persian cat's chest and shoulder should be broad, muscular, and massive.
- Head / shape: round and massive, well proportioned, very broad skull. This can lead to brachycephaly .
- Forehead: rounded
- Cheeks: full
- Nose: short, broad, with a clear stop. The stop must be between the eyes, neither above the upper eyelid nor below the lower eyelid. The bridge of the nose as well as the nasal mirror must be wide. Nostrils are well open to allow air to flow freely. But there are also breeders who prefer the old type with a long nose (long nose, however, does not correspond to the breeding guidelines).
- Chin: strong
- Pine: broad and strong
- Ears: Small, set well apart and placed low on the head. The tips should be rounded. Long ear tufts are nice.
- Fell: Should be long.
Origin and breeding history
The breeding of the Persian cat in today's sense actually began in England in the second half of the 19th century. It has generally been assumed that the Persian cat was bred mainly from long-haired cats of Middle Eastern origin through targeted breeding. The latest scientific findings in genetic research, however, cannot establish a relationship with an Asian line such as that of the Angora cat , but rather a genetic match with the Russian long-haired domestic cat . The extensive scientific study by the University of Missouri , Veterinary Medicine and Surgery , presented in August 2014 at the 10th World Congress for Applied Genetics in Livestock Production (WCGALP) in Vancouver , showed that the Persian cat was an accidental breed from specimens of the Russian domestic cat. Long-haired cats were initially paired with one another regardless of their origin, but not with short-haired cats, as it was feared that this could reappear in later generations.
The first long-haired cats from Asia Minor were introduced to France through Nicolas Claude Fabri de Peiresc in the middle of the 17th century . Alfred Brehm attributes the long hair of the Angora cats to a natural adaptation to the harsh climate in their region of origin. The origin of Persians from Persia , who were already referred to as that at that time, was controversial and has been refuted. The assumption that Pietro del la Valle brought cats from the Khorassan , from whose region the name “Persian” is derived, cannot be proven. He was never there himself. The term "Persian" only established itself with the establishment of the first breeding associations GCCF and WCF and their first breeding standards at the beginning of the 20th century, in which the term "Angora cat", previously used for long-haired cats, was no longer used. The first Persians can by no means be compared with today's. They were more reminiscent of the Angora cat type. The breeding standard for the Persian cat experienced multiple changes up to the Peke-Face . Over the years the cat became smaller, shorter-legged, the forehead rounder and the skull shorter and shorter, the fur more and more lush with more and more undercoat. By 1970 many mass breeds were established in America; to the detriment of the breed, as many adverse health changes came to Europe as a result of the sale of the cats. Since the beginning of the 21st century, many conscientious breeders have succeeded in breeding Persian Persians who are full of type and in line with today's breed standard, but which are perfectly healthy. Since then, some breeders have also devoted themselves to new colors such as chocolate and lilac. In 1933, the breed " Exotic Shorthairs " was recognized in one of the largest European cat associations . It corresponds in type and character to the Persians, only it shows a short teddy bear fur. Many lovers of the breed, who do not want to do without the typical child's face, will find a related breed here, where grooming is much easier.
Animal welfare concerns
The extreme breeding of Persian cats is condemned by various animal welfare organizers, as the recessed nose can lead to watery eyes, inflammation of the nose and throat, discomfort with eating and problems with breathing. Childbirth is also often problematic and requires a caesarean section. A white coat color can - as with all cats - be genetically linked to deafness.
The Colourpoint (also known as Maskenperser or Himalayan ) is a color variant of the Persian cat that was created by crossing Siamese and Persian cats. In terms of color, it is similar to the Siamese cat. The breed standard corresponds to the Persian cat except for the coloration.
Their fur is light all over their body, their face, tail and other "prominent" areas are dominated by a darker color. Today's Colourpoints have a characteristic round, massive head and a short but thick neck due to further breeding ; the nose is broad, the ears small and sloping forward. They are large to medium-sized, their physique stocky and stocky. The tail should be short and lush.
Exotic shorthair cat
For the Exotic Shorthair cat, the Persian cat was crossed with the American Shorthair cat and belongs to the same breed standard.
- Gloria Stephens: cats . Eurobooks Germany, 2001, ISBN 3-85049-588-4
- Carola Ruff: Persian cats . Neumann-Neudamm, 1995, ISBN 3-7888-0954-X
- Ulmer: Perser & Co. Longhair Cats and Exotic Shorthair , ISBN 3-8001-7487-1
- Cats' Family Tree Rooted In Fertile Crescent, Study Confirms , January 29, 2008 article on sciencedaily.com, accessed April 24, 2011.
-  , Study on the genetic relationship with Russian cats, accessed on May 1, 2015
-  , University of Missouri Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, accessed May 1, 2015
-  10th World Congress for Applied Genetics in Livestock Production, accessed on May 1, 2015
- Brehms Thierleben , 1884 edition, on zeno.org, accessed on April 24, 2011.
- Persian Cat in Enzyclopedia Iranica, accessed April 24, 2011.
- Francis Simpson: White and Black Persian Cats , entry in Every Womens Encyclopaedia , 1910; Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- Expert opinion on the interpretation of Section 11 b of the Animal Welfare Act (prohibition of torture breeding) (pdf; 8.8 MB), pp. 55–59, on the BMEL website, accessed on February 24, 2016.
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from February 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from February 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Detailed article by the CFA on Colourpoint ( Memento of the original from September 13, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.