The comic series Petzi was invented in 1951 by Carla and Vilhelm Hansen and bears the Danish original title Rasmus Klump . The series initially appeared in many daily newspapers around the world, but from 1953 onwards it was also distributed in Germany in the form of colored picture books by Carlsen Verlag , which was founded for the publication of this series .
The stories are about the bear Petzi and his friends, the pelican Pelle, in whose beak you can find everything except water, the penguin pingo and the fur seal , who travel the whole world with their self-built ship “Mary”, experiencing all kinds of adventures and others Meet animals. The “little ones”, turtle, frog, parrot and mouse, take care of the subplot strands. In addition, in some of the Petzi volumes the always hungry bouquet of Karlchen appears, which Petzi and his friends pick up on Robinson Island.
Petzi's journeys, which often span several volumes, regularly end with the consumption of homemade pancakes , which Petzi's mother bakes.
- Petzi (Rasmus Klump) is a little bear cub who is discovering the world. His name is reminiscent of the fable name of bears, Master Petz .
- Pingo (Pingo), the penguin is the world's best buddy, as well as
- Pelle (Pelle), the pelican who always has something in its beak that is needed at the moment. Sometimes he forgets that he can fly. Seeing them as mere sidekicks doesn't do them justice.
- Fur Seal (skæg) is a veteran of the marine, always so much the story of the storm in the Bay of Biscay want to tell. He also sleeps a lot. When he's awake, he often has good ideas, but usually gets tired again very quickly. He must not be confused with an adult minder, but is an equal member of the troop.
- Tortoise (Pildskadden) and Frog (Frømand), real name Jabiduttiperslikkenberg, are little crew members who play jokes in parallel to the main stories, cheat while playing cards and thus experience their own adventures as constant secondary characters. Later the frog is replaced by the parrot (Gøjen). Rasmus Klump was originally supposed to be the story of a turtle, it may be that this idea lives on in it.
- Karlchen (Knalle) is an insatiable ostrich who always has some medicine with him and acts as a ship's doctor.
- Mary Klump is Petzi's mother. She is not mentioned by name, in the Danish publishers she is listed as Frau Klump, but the ship is named after her. Her specialty is pancakes.
- Teddy (Dengse) is Petzi's little brother. It only appears briefly and then disappears again from the Petzi universe.
- Puck (Pluk) is introduced as the fur seal's cousin. He can be distinguished from the fur seal, which he looks like confusingly, by his tattoo (screw instead of anchor) and by his curved pipe. (The pipe is retouched in later Petzi books.)
- Ursula (Ursula) is the daughter of the king and is regarded by German fans as Petzi's fiancée.
- Mille is the niece of a balloon seller in Tivoli (Copenhagen), but only appears in the stories designed by Per Sanderhage as a female complement to the main character Petzi.
Petzi's ship, the Mary, initially sails with a fantasy flag, red with white dots. Since the Danish national flag - and only this - is almost omnipresent in the country of origin due to a ban on national flags from other countries , the Petzi flag is likely to be influenced by the red and white Danebrog . In later editions this is completely replaced by the Danish flag.
The name Petzi at home and abroad
The books appeared in different countries under different titles. → See also list of Petzi books
- Bamse or Bamse Bjørn in Norwegian (see note)
- Barnaby Bear , Bruin or Bundle in English
- Rasmus Klump in Danish
- Rasmus Klumpur in Icelandic
- Rasmus Nalle in Finnish and Swedish
- Rasmus Tøppur in Faroese
- Pechi in Spanish
- Petzi in German, French, Italian and Portuguese
- Pol in Dutch
Notes: The Norwegian version of volume 6 is called Bamse Bjørn på skilpaddeøya , that of volume 8 is called Bamse Bjørn som fjellklatrer . Both are thus written in Bokmål . Compare the names skilpadder and fjellklatrer in Bokmål and skjelpadder and fjellklatrar in Nynorsk . There are reports of Norwegian books in which Petzi is called Rasmus Klump as well as in Danish; a publication in Nynorsk would then be conceivable. A Chinese translation of Petzi as King (No. 17) is known.
From Strudsen Rasmus to Rasmus Klump
In 1951, Vilhelm Hansen was asked to develop a three-picture strip series to replace Jørgen Clevin's "Strudsen Rasmus" (Rasmus, the ostrich). Vilhelm first wanted to make a turtle the main actor, but his publisher preferred a teddy bear. It is interesting to note that a turtle should soon become Petzi's constant companion (see the Figures section ). Klump was the name of the neighbor dog.
The comic initially appeared in the form of three-picture strips in daily newspapers. The first story appeared on November 17, 1951 in the Danish newspaper Berlingske Aftenavis, while a first German version was published in the Hamburger Abendblatt on September 20, 1952.
From the strip comic to the Petzi volumes
When more and more Petzi fans asked for bound editions, the German Carlsen Verlag was founded especially for this purpose, which from 1953 published many of the stories as color picture books, initially in landscape format and from the seventh volume in portrait format. However, some pictures and story elements of the original 3000 strips with mostly three pictures each have been left out. From the fifth volume onwards, the order of the volumes generally no longer corresponds to that of the original strips. Apart from a few recent revisions, the comics do not contain speech bubbles , but rather subtitles.
From September 1977 to November 1977 the Hamburg publisher Gruner + Jahr published the comic magazine Petzi and all his friends . A total of four issues (20–23 / 1977) with old stories appeared. A gimmick was attached to the magazine - similar to Yps .
In the mid-1960s, Vilhelm Hansen began to withdraw. At first he converted the longer storylines in the form of sequels into short episodes, and finally stopped working entirely as a draftsman. In collaboration with his wife as a copywriter, hundreds of Petzi-Strips continued to appear, but now - as with Hansen himself towards the end - with speech bubbles instead of subtitles.
Development since 1978
From July 1978 to May 1979, after Hansen's withdrawal, some of these strips were also published as 32-page comic supplements in the so-called piccolo format of the children's magazine Sesamstraße , which was produced by Gruner and Jahr from February 1973 to May 1979 by the editorial team of Eltern magazine . With one exception, these stories never appeared in German again; there is no information on the draftsman, only one story (Petzi and the Christmas tree, appeared later in the series Pixi books ) was signed by Vilhelm Hansen. However, all stories had the copyright notice (C) PIB / Carlsen-Verlag Reinbek.
In 1979 the rights to Sesame Street were transferred to Condor Verlag . The old Sesame Street editorial team started publishing Safran in June 1979 , which also included a 32-page Petzi magazine in piccolo format with new stories. Saffron was discontinued in February 1980. A total of 20 stories appeared.
A total of 40 volumes of the comic had appeared by 2008. Since 1966 there have also been Petzi adventures, which were published in small format in the “ Pixi Books ” series.
Eight volumes are by new authors and new draftsmen. In 2006, story elements of the original Hansen strips were redrawn and re-published in eight volumes.
Esslinger Verlag has been publishing the landscape format editions from the 1950s since 2010 in a less abridged original version. However, a comparison with the comic strips that appeared in Belgium in the 1990s, in particular, shows that individual drawings are still missing.
It is noticeable that Seebär (and his cousin Puck) had their pipe retouched in later editions, reminiscent of Lucky Luke , who in the meantime also had to give up smoking.
In 2013, Carlsen Verlag published a 368-page book Petzi - Die Collected Travel Adventures Volume 1: 1951–1955 with the complete series of images and the original texts in b / w and almost 30 pages of background information on Petzi and Carla and Vilhelm Hansen. On April 22, 2014, the second volume Petzi - Die collected travel adventures, Volume 2: 1955–1959 was published.
In 1972 a lavishly drawn Petzi calendar was published with 13 full-page pictures for each month of the year that Hansen had colored for the first time (“With Petzi through the year”). Enriched by a few miniatures, this probably most beautiful Petzi volume (since it was entirely made by Vilhelm Hansen) appeared two years later in hardcover book form.
Another hardcover, Petzi will angeln, was published a year later , again with full-page images completely colored by Hansen.
In 1996, Petzi was shown as an animated series in some issues of the children's program Die Sendung mit der Maus and later on KiKA . The unabridged versions of the stories, each around six minutes in length, were released on VHS from 1997 and on DVD from 2004 . Since September 2018, KiKa and ZDF have been broadcasting a 3D version of Petzi in 26 episodes. They are each twelve minutes long, narrative more demanding and were developed and animated by the multi-award-winning Ludwigsburg studio SOI. This series has also been available on DVD since December 2018. The new episodes of Petzi's new adventures were convincing right from the start with an average of over 50% MA in the target group of 3–13 years. At the same time as the broadcast on ZDF and KIKA, new licensed products (including bed linen from Klaus Herding GmbH, radio plays from Sony Music Entertainment Germany GmbH, puzzles and plush from Schmidt Spiele GmbH, figurines from Bullyland GmbH) were launched on the German-speaking market by the subsidiary rights department of Telepool GmbH, Munich launched.
- Stefan Brix: Petzi in the Original - The Strips of the 50s. February 8, 2004, accessed January 12, 2010 .