Philip Miller

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Philip Miller (* 1691 in Deptford or Greenwich , † December 18, 1771 in Chelsea , London ) was an English gardener and botanist . Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " Mill. "

Live and act

Philip Miller was the son of a vegetable farmer from the Deptford area. He was married to Mary Kennet.

From 1722 to 1770, shortly before his death, he was the curator of the pharmacist's garden in Chelsea ( Chelsea Physic Garden ). He wrote several books, including Des gardener Dictionary ( Gardener's Dictionary ), the methods for improving the kitchen, fruit and flower garden contains (London 1731).

On January 22, 1730 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society . Miller corresponded with other botanists around the world and received specimens from species from around the world, many of which he first cultivated in England. He trained William Aiton , who later became the chief gardener of the Royal Gardens of Kew Gardens , and William Forsyth , after whom forsythia was named.

Miller was reluctant to use the new binomial designation from Carl von Linné , he preferred the classifications of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and John Ray . It was not until 1768, with the eighth edition of the Gardener's Dictionary , that he changed the nomenclature , although long before he had introduced several new genres such as B. Larix and Vanilla had described under the Linnaeus system .

In 1733 Miller sent the first cotton seeds to Georgia .


William Houstoun named the genus Milleria of the daisy family (Asteraceae) in his honor . Carl von Linné later took over this name.

Fonts (selection)

  • Gardener's & Florist's Dictionary . 1724.
  • Gardener's Dictionary . (8 editions 1731–1768).
  • The English Garden Book, Part 2 . Or Philipp Miller's gardener of the award-winning pharmacists' society in the herbal garden at Chelsea, and a member of the Royal. English Society of Sciences, Gardener's Lexicon. 1751 ( digitized version )
  • The English Garden Book, Part 3 . What are the improvements and additions contained in the latest London edition of this work, in addition to the gardener's calendar. 1758 ( digitized version )
  • Gardener's calendar .
  • Instructions for planting and maintaining the finest kitchen crops . Bern 1766 ( doi: 10.5962 / bhl.title.20206 ).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sue Minter 2010. The Apothecaries' Garden. A history of the Chelsea Physics Garden. Stroud, History Press. New edition, original edition 2000 by Sutton, Appendix 1
  2. ^ Carl von Linné: Critica Botanica Leiden 1737, p. 93
  3. Carl von Linné: Genera Plantarum . Leiden 1742, p. 424
  4. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names - Extended Edition. Part I and II. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5 doi: 10.3372 / epolist2018 .

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