Polish Academy of Sciences
|Polish Academy of Sciences
Polska Akademia Nauk
|place||Warsaw , Poland|
The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish Polska Akademia Nauk , PAN) is a state scientific institution. It is, on the one hand, an Academy of Sciences (Association of Eminent Scientists of Poland ) and, on the other hand, a network of jointly administered state scientific institutes whose aim is to conduct research at the highest possible level.
The PAN was established in 1951 at the first Congress of Polish Science, adopting the Soviet ( Stalinist ) model, as a merger of the old Polska Akademia Umiejętności ( Polish Academy of Learning , PAU) and the Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie ( Warsaw Science Society ) as a pure scientific association. In 1960 it was transformed into a central state institution, a function that it lost again after the system change in 1990. The state control of science was instead taken over by Komitet Badań Naukowych (Committee for Scientific Research).
The academy has a maximum of 350 full members. There are also corresponding members. Membership is granted for life. The ordinary members as well as the scientific councils of the universities and the member institutes of the academy have the right to propose corresponding members. New full members are elected by the other members when places become vacant. Overall, around 30% of the members are foreign scientists. All members together form the general assembly, which elects the chairman, the presidium and the heads of the various departments and committees.
As a network of institutes, the PAN has a few dozen such facilities from all areas of science. The Badań Naukowych Comitet directly finances the institutes . Around 2,000 scientists are employed in the institutes. The facilities do not offer any undergraduate courses for students, only doctoral and post-doctoral courses.
There are seven superordinate departments:
- Wydział Nauk Społecznych (Social Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk Biologicznych (Biological Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk Matematycznych, Fizycznych i Chemicznych (Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk Techniczych (Technical Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk Rolniczych, Leśnych i Weterynaryjnych (Agricultural, Forest and Veterinary Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk Medycznych (Medical Sciences)
- Wydział Nauk o Ziemi i Nauk Górniczych (geo- and mining sciences)
For outstanding scientific writings, authors are particularly honored by the departments with the award "Book of the Year".
The Academy also includes the Center for Historical Research Berlin and the Scientific Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Vienna .
- Official website of the Polish Academy of Sciences (English)
- Hans Golombek: Polish Academy of Sciences. Brief description of the PAN from GATE-Germany (from the DAAD - Country Profiles Analyzes - Experiences - Trends / Edition Poland, April 2011) ( PDF ; 2.7 MB)
- Polish Academy of Sciences - President Professor Jerzy Duszyński
- Franz-Josef Sehr : Professor from Poland in Beselich annually for decades . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2020 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg 2019, ISBN 3-927006-57-2 , p. 223-228 .
- Center for Historical Research Berlin of the Polish Academy of Sciences
- Scientific Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Vienna ( Memento from August 12, 2009 in the Internet Archive )