Rafael Alberti

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Rafael Alberti (1978)
Company Rafael Alberti.svg

Rafael Alberti Merello (born December 16, 1902 in El Puerto de Santa María , Cádiz province , † October 27, 1999 in El Puerto de Santa María) was a Spanish poet .


Alberti is part of the so-called Generación del 27 , named after the 300th anniversary of the death of Luis de Góngora , whose works she wanted to make better known.

As a teenager he first devoted himself to painting before finally devoting himself to poetry . Probably best known in Germany is his first volume of poetry, Mar y tierra , later renamed Marinero en tierra (German renamed from “Sea and Earth” to “Sailor on shore leave ”) and his memoirs La arboleda perdida (German “The lost grove "). He also wrote a few plays .

After the republican forces were defeated in the Spanish Civil War in 1939 , he went into exile with his partner, the poet María Teresa León Goyri (1903–1988), to Argentina , where he stayed until 1963 after the military coup . They have a daughter, Aitana Alberti , who was born in Buenos Aires in 1941. After a few years in Italy , he returned to democratic Spain in 1977 and also sat in parliament for the communist party .

In 1925 he received the Premio Nacional de Poesía (Spanish National Prize for Poetry) for Marinero en tierra (1924), in 1964 the International Lenin Peace Prize , in 1981 the Premio Nacional de Teatro and in 1983 the Cervantes Prize ; 1995 honorary doctorate from the Polytechnic University of Valencia . In 1975 he was elected an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters .

German editions

  • Voice of nettle earth and guitar. Selected poetry . Transferred by Erich and Katja Arendt. Rütten & Loening, 1959.
  • On land on water. Poems (Spanish / German). Translated and with an afterword by Erwin Walter Palm . Suhrkamp 1960, DNB 450041077 .
  • In the morning of the Levkoje. New poems by Erich and Katja Arendt. Reclam Leipzig, 1964.
  • Poetry album No. 104 . Selection by Bernd Jentzsch, translation by Erich Arendt a. a. New life publishing house 1976.
  • The painting. Poem of color and line . Transferred by Erich Arendt and Katja Hayek-Arendt. VEB Verlag der Kunst 1977, in the series "Leipziger Presse".
  • From the angels. Poems (Spanish / German). Translation by Erich Arendt . Insel 1980, Insel-Bücherei No. 1034.
  • "I was a fool and what I saw made me two fools". Poems (Spanish / German). Transmission and afterword by Fritz Vogelgsang . Klett-Cotta 1982, ISBN 978-3-608-95074-8 .
  • Between carnation and sword. Poems . Translated from the Spanish and with an afterword by Curt Meyer-Clason , drawings by Pablo Picasso. Schwiftinger Galerie-Verlag, 1986.
  • About the angels. Poems (Spanish / German). Transmission and afterword by Fritz Vogelgsang. Klett-Cotta 1994 (bilingual), ISBN 978-3-608-93303-1 .
  • The Lost Grove. Memories . Translation by Joachim A. Frank. Suhrkamp 1996, ISBN 978-3-458-16168-4 .

Also two prints from the Amtshofpresse Manufaktur Gefangener Engel ISBN 978-3-922704-47-8 and Engel: Gedichte ISBN 978-3-922704-27-0 .


  • Ophey, Bernward: Rafael Alberti as a poet of the lost paradise . Cologne 1970, dissertation.
  • Janos, Livia: The neopopularist poetry: Rafael Alberti: Marinero en tierra . E-book, Grin Verlag 2006.
  • Zimmermann, Simone: Rafael Alberti - painter and poet . E-book, Grin Verlag 2007.
  • Schwaen, Kurt: Spanish love songs: based on poems by Rafael Alberti. For soprano, flute, clarinet, horn, bassoon and piano . New Music 2009, ISBN 978-3-7333-0500-0 .
  • Besalier, Lea: On the problem of the dualism between ángeles malos and ángeles buenos in Sobre los ángeles by Rafael Alberti . Edition Loges, 2011, ISBN 978-3-943532-10-4 .

Web links

Commons : Rafael Alberti  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. POLÍTICA / ALEJANDRO TORRÚS December 2, 2016 [1]
  2. Honorary Members: Rafael Alberti. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed March 4, 2019 .