Rolf Pohle

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Rolf Ludwig Pohle (born January 4, 1942 in Berlin , † February 7, 2004 in Athens ) was a terrorist of the Red Army Faction (RAF).


Pohle was born in Berlin and grew up in Munich in 1954 as the son of a Munich law professor. He passed his Abitur at the Maximiliansgymnasium in Munich . During his studies he belonged to the group LSD Liberal Student Union of Germany , which was formed in the late 1960s, later part of the Extra-Parliamentary Opposition (APO) and was Asta Chairman of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich in 1967 . After the assassination attempt on the student leader Rudi Dutschke in April 1968 and participation in various demonstrations , he founded a "legal aid of the APO" as a legal trainee in view of the ongoing wave of lawsuits against demonstration participants. In 1969 Pohle was sentenced to 15 months' imprisonment without parole because of his involvement in building barricades during the 1968 Easter riots. Although Pohle did not have to serve the sentence, the conviction contributed to the fact that he later temporarily went into the environment of left-wing terrorism.

In 1974 he was sentenced to six and a half years in prison for membership in a criminal organization , possession of weapons and support for the Red Army faction. He has always denied the support work. When he was asked by the judge to provide information about himself, he read the text of the song "My name is human" by Rio Reiser .

In March of the following year he was released from prison together with the RAF terrorists Verena Becker , Gabriele Kröcher-Tiedemann , Ingrid Siepmann and Rolf Heissler in exchange for the CDU politician Peter Lorenz, who was kidnapped by the " June 2nd Movement " . The free Pressed were accompanied by the priest and former Berlin mayor Heinrich Albertz in South Yemen flown.

Pohle traveled from there to Greece , where he was arrested again in July 1976. The highest Greek court, Areopagus , initially refused extradition, but after an intervention by the Chancellery in Bonn and a new composition of the body, it agreed to the German government's request for extradition; Pohle was flown to Germany and taken to the Straubing correctional facility . In 1982 he was released after six years in prison.

Two years later he finally settled in Greece. There he worked as a German teacher and translator until the outbreak of cancer. In his book Mein Name ist Mensch , Pohle claimed to have had no profound relationships with the RAF. He was not a terrorist because he did not use "offensive force". In the book, Pohle also described his and the general prison conditions in German prisons. He accused the judiciary of " isolation torture ".

Pohle died on February 7, 2004 at the age of 62 after a protracted cancer illness in Athens.



  • Stefan Hemler: From Kurt Faltlhauser to Rolf Pohle. The development of student unrest at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich in the second half of the sixties. In: Venanz Schubert (ed.): 1968. 30 years later. EOS, St.Ottlien 1999 (Wissenschaft und Philosophie 17), pp. 209–242; ISBN 3-88096-090-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ DW: Former RAF terrorist Rolf Pohle died in Athens. In: . February 10, 2004, accessed December 29, 2014 .
  2. ^ A b Hans-Dieter Schwind: Causes of Terrorism in the Federal Republic of Germany. Walter de Gruyter, 1978, ISBN 978-3-11-007702-5 , p. 19. Restricted preview in the Google book search