Rose classes

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Rosa × centifolia, drawing: Koehler 1887

Rosa × centifolia , drawing: Koehler 1887

group Centifolia
known since around 1700
breeder unknown
List of rose varieties

Since the beginning of rose breeding in the 18th century until today, over 30,000 rose varieties have emerged worldwide . In terms of horticulture, they are assigned to different classes of roses , which can be grouped together. The rose classes are not a class or any other taxon in the sense of biological systematics , the term is therefore not to be found in the systematics of the plant kingdom. Up to now there is no internationally binding regulation on the classification and consequently different classifications are common in different countries.

The roses can be roughly divided into wild roses and cultivated roses (garden roses) selected by breeding , the garden roses in turn into old roses and modern roses.

Another way of dividing roses into groups is based on the growth habit and use. So z. B. shrub roses, bed roses and climbing roses can be distinguished.

Wild roses

In the large group of wild roses , gardeners summarize all botanical rose species . Usually wild roses are genetically very variable and also cross species. This is why there are many subspecies, varieties and forms. Many wild roses are grown in gardens and parks and are the starting point for growing garden roses.

Wild Rose

Garden roses

The garden roses are divided into two large groups: Old roses (also called "antique" or "historical roses") are classes of roses that were cultivated before 1867. Modern roses are classes of roses that have arisen since the introduction of the tea hybrids in 1867.

Old roses

It is useful to divide the old roses into two groups (according to David Austin, Alte Rosen & Englische Rosen , Cologne 1993):

  • Old European roses: Alba roses, Gallica roses, Damascena roses, centifolia and moss roses
  • Old roses with the influence of China roses: China roses, Portland roses, Bourbon roses, Noisette roses, Remontant roses, tea roses

Modern roses

Floribunda roses and polyantha roses are also grouped together as the cluster- flowered roses .

Classification according to growth form and possible use

  • Noble roses (stature height 60 to 100 cm)
  • Bed roses, also: border roses (plant height 60 to 100 cm)
  • Small shrub roses (stature height 50 to 120 cm)
  • Shrub roses (up to 250 cm), shrub roses that bloom once and shrub roses that bloom more often
  • Climbing roses (up to 10 m), here also: trunk roses and cascade roses, rambler roses
  • Dwarf roses (stature height 30 to 50 cm), also: miniature roses
  • Ground cover roses, diverse group, summarized according to intended use


  • Heinrich Schultheis: Roses: the best kinds and varieties for the garden , Ulmer: Stuttgart 1996, page 120 ff, ISBN 3-8001-6601-1
  • Klaus-Jürgen Strobel: Everything about roses , page 83, Stuttgart: Ulmer 2006,
    ISBN 3-8001-4471-9
  • Peter Beales, Tommy Cairns, Walter Duncan: Rose Encyclopedia. The most important wild roses and over 4000 garden roses , Könemann in der Tandem Verlags-GmbH, 2005, ISBN 978-3-8290-1954-5

See also

Web links