Roswell (New Mexico)
|Nickname : All America City|
|Location in New Mexico|
|State :||United States|
|State :||New Mexico|
|County :||Chaves County|
|Time zone :||Mountain ( UTC − 7 / −6 )|
|Residents :||48,664 (as of 2016)|
|Population density :||648.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||75.0 km 2 (approx. 29 mi 2 ) of
which 75.0 km 2 (approx. 29 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||1089 m|
|Area code :||+1 575|
|GNIS ID :||0894171|
|Mayor :||Del Jurney|
Chaves County District Court in Roswell
Roswell is a city in the southeast of the US state New Mexico . Their area extends over an area of 75 square kilometers. With 45,293 inhabitants (2000) Roswell is the fifth largest city of New Mexico. The city is located in Chaves County , whose county seat (administrative seat) it is.
Near Roswell is the KBIM transmission mast , a 569 meter high transmission mast for VHF and television.
About 15 miles southwest of present-day Roswell, the area's first non-Indian settlement was established in 1865 by a group of pioneers from Missouri . However, it had to be given up again due to a lack of water supply. A businessman from Omaha , Nebraska , Van C. Smith, and his partner Aaron Wilburn built two adobe houses in 1869 that gave birth to what is now Roswell. The two buildings were used as a general store, post office and sleeping quarters for paying travelers.
The American scientist and rocket pioneer Robert Goddard worked there in the 1930s .
In late 1946, the 509th Composite Group , which dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki , was relocated to Roswell Army Air Field. After being renamed Walker Air Force Base, it became the largest Strategic Air Command site . The site later went to civilian operators and became the Roswell International Air Center .
In the summer of 1947, a UFO is said to have crashed nearby . To mark the sixtieth anniversary of the so-called Roswell Incident , the city hosted the Amazing Roswell UFO Festival from July 5-8, 2007 .
On October 14, 2012, the Red Bull Stratos event took place in Roswell . In this experiment, the Austrian extreme athlete Felix Baumgartner jumped from a height of 39 km from a capsule hanging under a helium balloon to the earth. Here he broke some world records.
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: Update of the US Census Bureau
sons and daughters of the town
- Ray Crawford (1915-1996), racing car driver
- John Denver (1943–1997), country and folk singer
- David Gilman (* 1954), canoeist and luge rider
- Joe Lane (1935-2014), politician
- Ross L. Malone (1910–1974), lawyer and politician
- Laura J. Mixon (* 1957), writer
- Demi Moore (born 1962), actress
- Austin St. John (born 1974), actor
- Roswell UFO Festival (annual)