Rudolf Hiestand

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Rudolf Hiestand (born August 30, 1933 in Zurich ) is a historian and diplomat .

Rudolf Hiestand received his doctorate in 1958 from the University of Zurich with a study on Byzantium and the Regnum Italicum supervised by Marcel Beck . In addition to the medievalist Beck, the ancient historians Ernst Meyer and Federico Chabod were among his academic teachers. From 1955 to 1958, while studying history , Romance languages and Latin, he worked as a teacher at a school in Zurich. In the years after his doctorate, Hiestand stayed for in-depth studies at the Universities of Naples and Paris (Sorbonne) . He also traveled to the Middle East in 1958, where he first came into contact with the former sites of the medieval crusader empire. It was to be the beginning of a lifelong academic study of the medieval history of Christians, Muslims and Jews and the crusades . In the 1960s, Hiestand conducted research at the German Historical Institute in Rome under the direction of Walther Holtzmann and in the archives of the Vatican . After several years of assistantship at the University of Kiel , Hiestand completed his habilitation in 1972 at the chair of Hans Eberhard Mayer with a multi-volume prosopographical study on the papal legates during the crusades and in the crusader states. As the successor to Eduard Hlawitschka, Hiestand held the chair for Medieval History at the Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf from 1976 to 1998 . From 1987 to 2005 he was secretary of the Pius Foundation for Papal Document Research.

Hiestand is a recognized specialist in researching the Crusades , the Byzantine Imperial Church, the history of the Pope and, in particular, the practice of papal documents and legation in the Middle Ages. He was responsible for the publication of several authoritative volumes of ecclesiastical recipients of papal documents, including the Templars and the Eastern Churches of the Crusaders. In this area he did basic research as well as dealing with the forgery problem of medieval rulers and papal documents. Even after his retirement he continued to teach at Heinrich Heine University. His academic students included Stefan Weiß and Klaus van Eickels .

He is a member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen . He is also a member of the German Commission for the Processing of the Regesta Imperii and the Research Institute for the Middle Ages and Renaissance (FIMUR) at Heinrich Heine University.



  • Byzantium and the Regnum Italicum in the 10th Century: A Contribution to the ideological and power political struggle between East and West. Fretz & Wasmuth, Zurich 1964.
  • The papal legates on the crusades and in the crusader states. From the Council of Clermont (1095) to the 4th Crusade . 3 volumes. Habilitation thesis . University of Kiel, 1972.
  • List of initials and chronological list of the archive reports and preparatory work of the Regesta pontificum Romanorum . Monumenta Germaniae Historica , Munich 1983, ISBN 3-88612-018-X .
  • Initien- and receiver directory Italia pontificia I-X . Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-88612-017-1 .
  • God wants it! - Does God really want it ?: the crusade idea in the criticism of its time (= contributions to the ethics of peace. Volume 29). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Berlin / Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-17-015406-0 .


  • The solemn privilege of Hadrian IV for the Fischbeck canonical monastery on May 11, 1158: at the same time a contribution to the problem of forgery of papal documents from the middle of the 12th century. In: Archives for Diplomatics , History of Writing, Seals and Heraldry. Volume 41, 1995, pp. 73-103.


  • with Klaus Herbers and Theodor Schieffer : Regesta pontificum Romanorum. 12 volumes, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen.
  • Papal documents for Templars and Johanniter. 2 volumes. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen.
  • Papal documents for churches in the Holy Land. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1985, ISBN 3-525-82417-3 .
  • The book in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (= Studia humaniora. Volume 19). Droste, Düsseldorf 1994, ISBN 3-7700-0824-3 .
  • One hundred years of papal document research: balance sheet - methods - perspectives (= files of a colloquium on the centenary of the Regesta Pontificum Romanorum 1996 in Göttingen ). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2003, ISBN 3-525-82533-1 .
  • with Heinz Finger : Bishops, monasteries, universities and Rome - commemorative publication for Josef Semmler (1928–2011) (= Libelli Rhenani. Writings of the archbishop's diocesan and cathedral library on the history of the Rhenish church and the region as well as on book and library history. Vol. 41) . Archbishop's Diocesan and Cathedral Library, Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3-939160-35-9

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hiestand at the publishing house Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  2. ^ Hiestand at the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
  3. ^ List on the website of the Regesta Imperii