Rudolf von Ficker

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Rudolf (von) Ficker (until 1919 Rudolf Ritter Ficker von Feldhaus ; born June 11, 1886 in Munich , † August 2, 1954 in Igls ) was an Austrian musicologist.


The son of the historian Julius von Ficker and brother von Cenzi , Ludwig von Ficker and Heinrich von Ficker , who was ennobled in 1885 , studied composition with Ludwig Thuille and Walter Courvoisier in Munich from 1905 . He then studied at the Musicological Institute of the University of Vienna under Guido Adler and received his doctorate in 1913. He completed his habilitation in 1920 at Innsbruck University, and in 1922/1923 he was appointed professor at the University of Innsbruck as associate professor. He founded the teaching material collection there, which became the institute in 1926. In 1927 Ficker took over a professorship in Vienna as co-director of the musical seminar alongside Robert Lach . He led the performances of Gothic Music on the occasion of the Beethoven Zentenar celebration in Vienna in 1927 and in the Vienna Castle Chapel in 1929.

From 1928 to 1938 he was a member of the leading commission of the monuments of music art in Austria , from 1927 to 1931 a member of the board of directors of the International Society for Musicology .

He succeeded Adolf Sandberger at the University of Munich from 1931 as professor and seminar director. After the Second World War he returned to Innsbruck in 1948. Since 1948 he was a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .

The focus of his work was the music of the Middle Ages, he is considered a pioneer in research in this field.

Ficker was one of the co-authors of the 83-volume work Monuments of Music in Austria, published by Adler . He achieved international fame through his research on the Trento Codices , the seventh volume of which (TrentM 93) he discovered in 1920.

His estate is in the Brenner archive .

Selection of works

  • The chromatics in the Italian madrigal of the 16th century Dissertation, Vienna 1913.
  • Contributions to the chromatics of the 14th to 16th centuries , in: StMw 2 (1914).
  • The coloring technique of the Trento fairs , in: StMw 7 (1920).
  • Primary sound forms , in: Yearbook of the Peters Music Library (1929).
  • Polyphonic Music of the Gothic Period , in: MQ 15 (1929).
  • Guido Adler and the Vienna School of Musicology , in: ÖMZ 1 (1946).
  • Epilog to Faburdon , in: Acta Musicologica , Vol. 25, Issue 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1953), pp. 127-131.
  • The Transition on the Continent , in: New Oxford History of Music 3 (1960).
  • The basics of occidental polyphony (unfinished).


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