City of WuppertalCoordinates: 51 ° 16 ′ 38 " N , 7 ° 4 ′ 45" E
|Height :||approx. 173 m above sea level NHN|
Location of Schmalt in Wuppertal
Schmalt is a court in the Bergisch city of Wuppertal .
Location and description
The Hofschaft is located in the northwest of the city at 173 m above sea level. NHN in the Eigenbach valley in the north of the Eckbusch residential area in the Uellendahl-Katernberg district on the outskirts of Wülfrath . The railway line Wuppertal-Vohwinkel-Essen-Überruhr and the federal motorway 535 run right past the village .
Neighboring places to live and places are Schloss Aprath , Schmalterplatz , Obenaprath , Koxhof , Wüstenhof , Klein- and Großhöfchen , Kohleiche , Hixter , Rosenland , Fredenhof , Jungholz , Wildenbruch and Zum Kothen . Steinberg spliss came off.
In the 17th century, the farm belonged to the estate of the rider of Aprath Castle . At that time the affiliation of the court to the Honschaft Oberdüssel of the Bergisch rule Schöller in the office of Solingen was certified.
On the Topographia Ducatus Montani by Erich Philipp Ploennies from 1715, the courtyard is marked as Schmalt . Under this name it is also shown on the topographical survey of the Rhineland from 1824 and on the Prussian first survey from 1843 as Zum Schmalt . In the course of the 20th century, the place also bears the name Schmalt on measuring table sheets .
In the 19th century, Schmalt was still part of the Oberdüssel community of the mayor of Wülfrath . From 1816 to 1861 it belonged to the Elberfeld district and from 1861 to the old Mettmann district .
In 1847 the railway line of the Prince Wilhelm Railway Company was opened. The route was laid directly past the farm.
In 1888 seven people lived in Schmalt in one house.
With the municipal reform of 1929, the eastern part of the Oberdüssel district around Schmalt was split off from Wülfrath and incorporated into the newly founded city of Wuppertal.
In 1990, the gap in the federal road 224 between Velbert and Wuppertal was completed on a high embankment past Schmalt . After completion, the expressway was upgraded to the federal highway 535 in 2007 .
- ^ Hermann Kießling: Courtyards and farm associations in Wuppertal. Bergisch-Märkischer Genealogischer Verlag, Wuppertal 1977.
- ↑ Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Prussia) (Ed.): Community encyclopedia for the Rhineland Province, based on the materials of the census of December 1, 1885 and other official sources, (Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia, Volume XII), Berlin 1888.