Schuchow radio tower

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Schuchow radio tower
Шуховская башня
Image of the object
Schuchow radio tower in April 2016 (already without antenna)
Basic data
Place: Donskoi in the Southern Administrative District
City with subject status: Moscow
Country: Russia
Coordinates: 55 ° 43 ′ 2.6 ″  N , 37 ° 36 ′ 41.7 ″  E
Use: Telecommunications tower
Accessibility: Transmission tower not open to the public
Tower data
Construction time : 1922
Operating time: since 1922
Last renovation (tower) : March 2016
Total height : 150  m
Data on the transmission system
Last modification (antenna) : Fall 2015
Waveband : FM transmitter
Send type: Cellular
Further data
named after: Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov

Position map
Zhukhov radio tower (Moscow)
Schuchow radio tower
Schuchow radio tower
Localization of Moscow in Russia European part

The Schuchow radio tower ( Russian Шуховская башня ; transcription: Schuchowskaja Baschnja), also: Schabolowka radio tower , is a 150 meter high hyperbolic steel lattice tower in Moscow , which was built in 1922 as a transmission tower for the Soviet radio and, according to its designer, Shukhov (1853 - Vladimir 1939), was named.


After the October Revolution of 1917, Schuchow soon received one of his largest orders: the construction of a 350-meter high transmission tower for the Comintern radio station on Schabolowka Street in Moscow. In 1919 Schuchow submitted drafts and calculations for a tower that, despite being taller than the Eiffel Tower built in 1889, would have required only a quarter of the amount of steel. But since even these 2,200 tons were not available in Moscow at the time, Lenin finally signed an order in the summer to build a 150-meter-high version. The tower was a further development of the water towers and consisted of six hyperboloids placed one on top of the other . The bases of the individual floors were formed by rigid rings. This construction also enabled an amazingly simple construction process. Within the lowest part of the tower, the next segment was assembled on the ground and then pulled up with the help of five simple wooden cranes. The construction of the tower sparked great enthusiasm in the young state . Schuchow had made calculations that the entire Soviet Union could have been covered with three transmission towers of the originally planned height . However, the construction of a smaller tower remained.

The Krupp stamp is on half of the steel profiles used in the construction of the tower . The Schuchow radio tower is not open to the public. Today it serves as a cell phone mast. In 2014 it was planned to demolish the tower or at least relocate it to another location, allegedly due to damage to the structure, although the reason for these considerations was a lucrative rebuilding of the site. After international conservationists had sent a letter of protest to President Putin , the Moscow city parliament decided on July 16, 2014 not to dismantle the tower for the time being.

The antenna attachment installed in 1991 was removed in autumn 2015. As a result of this measure, the tower shrank from 160 to 150 meters. In March 2016, steel scaffolding was installed inside the tower to relieve the external walls. In January 2017, the Russian state broadcaster, as the owner, started planning a project to renovate the Shukhov radio tower.

See also


Web links

Commons : Schuchow-Radioturm  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Christoph Rauhut and Ekaterina Nozhova: A threatened radio tower in Moscow: symbol of the young Soviet Union. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, March 29, 2014, accessed on April 18, 2014 .