The term rope team originally comes from mountain sports, in particular climbing, and describes a group of people connected by a mountain or climbing rope and thus secured against falling. In politics and business, the term is also used in a figurative sense for informal groups of people who mutually support their professional or other advancement, there mostly with a negative connotation.
Mountain sports and climbing
In mountaineering and especially climbing , a rope team is a group of mountaineers or climbers who are connected to one another by a safety rope . In a more general sense, a group of climbers who are traveling together is also referred to as a rope team if they are not connected with a rope.
With the common safety rope, a rope team offers its members mutual protection against falling. A rope team also forms a community of danger ; because under unfavorable conditions a fall of a single member can lead to a fall of the entire rope team.
When climbing glaciers and in lighter terrain, the other members of the rope team are only responsible for securing long stretches without using a fixed point . For this so-called “walking on the rope”, all people tie themselves into the safety rope at the same distance; in rope teams with fewer than five people, a certain amount of remaining rope should remain free at the beginning and end. In the event of a crevasse fall, the remaining free rope enables a loose pulley or pulley system to be set up in order to be able to rescue the fallen victim. With larger rope teams of around four people or more, the easiest way to rescue a fallen victim is by means of a team train . A fall of a person - for example into a crevasse - must be held by the rope team members while walking on the rope. Therefore, there is a risk that a fall could sweep the entire rope team away. Even on moderately steep firn or ice slopes or on corresponding ridges , an anchor point must be used as far as possible and sensible, or the members of the rope team must go free of ropes in order to prevent the risk of being dragged along.
When climbing or in steeper terrain that is at risk of falling, additional fixed points in the rock or ice are used. You can walk at the same time - on the "sliding rope" - or be secured using a stand . A distinction is made between teams of two, three and four people:
- Two- person rope team: Consists of a climber and a belayer (or lead climber and subsequent climber if the climbing tour is taken together); Used in climbing halls , climbing gardens and mostly also in alpine climbing .
- Three-person rope team: Consists of a lead climber and two followers on a shared single rope (branching using a rope switch) or on two independent half rope strands ; is used in multi-pitch routes (e.g. alpine climbing) and sometimes also in shorter routes in low mountain ranges (e.g. Elbe Sandstone Mountains ).
- Four-person rope team: Consists of lead climber and three followers; is rarely used in alpine climbing.
The tendency is that the more members a rope team has, the slower it progresses. The reason for this is the increasing amount of time required to coordinate and, if necessary, secure the rope team members with the number of people. If the rope team members differ in their ability to perform, the person with the lowest level of ability has a limiting effect on the entire rope team.
In a figurative sense, a group of “connected” people is called a “rope team”, usually with a derogatory connotation. They support each other and often independently of performance e.g. B. in their career (in politics - such as the so-called Andean Pact in the CDU, the so-called Zugspitzkreis in the CSU - and business ). The network of relationships of the others, for example the political opponent, which are not connected by open membership but rather by hidden relationships, is preferably referred to as a rope team.
The own connections for the purpose of obtaining personal advantages are often called network , the people involved are called networkers and the activity is networking or networking . On the other hand, there is an essential distinction: rope teams stand for mutual support, regardless of the best possible suitability for a task, while networks aim at the latter.
Historically, for example, after the collapse of political systems - such as the monarchy in 1918, National Socialism in 1945, fascism in Italy, Spain and Portugal, communism in Eastern Europe or the countless dictatorships all over the world - again and again for the well-being of former members of these networks under the changed conditions.
- The Seven from the Zugspitze - The new leadership of the CSU . In: Financial Times Germany . March 23, 2009 ( ftd.de - Die Sieben von der Zugspitze ( Memento from August 29, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )). The Sieben von der Zugspitze - The new leadership of the CSU ( Memento of the original from August 29, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.