Seneca, South Carolina

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Oconee County South Carolina incorporated and unincorporated areas Seneca highlighted.svg
Located in Oconee County and South Carolina
Basic data
State : United States
State : South carolina
County : Oconee County
Coordinates : 34 ° 41 ′  N , 82 ° 57 ′  W Coordinates: 34 ° 41 ′  N , 82 ° 57 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 8,102 (as of 2010)
Population density : 442.7 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 18.4 km 2  (about 7 mi 2 ) of
which 18.3 km 2  (about 7 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 294 m
Postcodes : 29672, 29678, 29679
Area code : +1 864
FIPS : 45-65095
GNIS ID : 1250833
Website :
Mayor : Daniel W. Alexander

Seneca is a city in Oconee County in South Carolina , United States . At the time of the 2010 United States Census , the city had 8,102 residents. Seneca is the most important city of the Micropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) named after it with 74,253 inhabitants, to which the whole of Oconee County belongs and which belongs to the larger Greenville - Spartanburg - Anderson , South Carolina Combined Statistical Area (1,266,995 inhabitants).

The Democratic candidate for the office of Vice-President in 2004, former US Senator from North Carolina , John Edwards , was born in the city. This is named after Isunigu , the nearby Cherokee town , known to the English as "Seneca Town".


Seneca's geographic coordinates are 34 ° 41 ′  N , 82 ° 57 ′  W (34.684145, −82.955778).

According to the United States Census Bureau , the City of Seneca has a total area of ​​18.4 km², most of which is land. Only 0.04 square miles (0.10 km² = 0.56%) are bodies of water.


Seneca was founded as Seneca City and named after a nearby Indian village and the Seneca River . The city is at the intersection of the Blue Ridge Railroad and the newly built Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad. Both lines are now part of the Norfolk Southern Railway . AW Thompson and JJ Norton, who planned the route for the Air Line Railroad, acquired the land from Col. Brown of Anderson, South Carolina . A staff marking the town center was struck into the Townville Street level crossing. The land was divided into plots, each up to half a mile from the marker. These were auctioned on August 14, 1873. On August 14, 1874, the city received its founding act from the legislature of South Carolina. In 1908 the name was shortened to Seneca.

Old Cotton Warehouse. The right part of the warehouse burned down in April 2008 and was then demolished.

Seneca developed as a trading and trading center for cotton. During the harvest, the carts carrying cotton bales jammed several blocks along the railway line. A reception building, several hotels and a park were built on the tracks. In honor of its founders, the park has since been named Norton-Thompson Park.

The first school was built in 1874. The Seneca Institute - Seneca Junior College was a school for blacks and existed from 1899 to 1939.

With the construction of a weaving mill and factory settlement by the Courtenay Manufacturing Company in Newry on the Little River in 1893, the textile industry came to the area. WL Jordon built another textile factory and settlement east of Seneca; Because of the change of ownership, this was named Jordania, Londsdale and finally Utica over time . The JP Stevens Plant - later Westpoint Stevens Plant - was a textile factory that was built on Lake Hartwell . Other companies settled in the area. The textile industry shaped the economy in Seneca in the first half of the 20th century. Almost all of these textile companies have now been closed.

Seneca and the surrounding area changed significantly with the construction of Lake Hartwell in 1963, Lake Keowee in 1971, and Lake Jocassee in 1974. The Oconee Nuclear Station was built on Lake Keowee .

National Register of Historic Places

There are a number of historic buildings and districts in and around Seneca that have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places :

The Seneca Historic District was registered in the NRHP in 1974 and is located south of the railroad tracks. It includes a number of residential buildings and three churches that were built between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The houses are built in the architectural styles popular at the time. The historic district also includes a mid-19th century log cabin brought from Long Creek.

The Ram Cat Alley Historic District was listed on the NHRP in 2000 and includes 21 commercial buildings that were constructed between the 1880s and 1930s. The street got its name from the cats that roamed around a meat market. Many of these buildings have been renovated and given new uses, including restaurants, shops and offices.

The following are also independently registered in the National Register of Historic Places: Alexander Hill House , Faith Cabin Library , McPhail Angus Farm and the Old Pickens Presbyterian Church .


Population development
Census Residents ± in%
1880 382 -
1900 920 -
1910 1313 42.7%
1920 1460 11.2%
1930 1929 32.1%
1940 2155 11.7%
1950 3649 69.3%
1960 5227 43.2%
1970 6027 15.3%
1980 7436 23.4%
1990 7726 3.9%
2000 7652 -1 %
2010 8102 5.9%
2015 estimate 8279 2.2%
US Decennial Census
2011 estimate

At the time of the United States Census 2000, Seneca was inhabited by 7,652 people. The population density was 418.5 people per km ². There were 3677 housing units at an average of 201.1 per km ². Seneca's population was 63.32% White, 33.77% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, and 0.65% said other races belong to and 1.31% named two or more races. 1.53% of the population declared to be Hispanic or Latinos of any race.

The residents of Seneca were distributed to 3286 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18. 42.2% of households were married, 17.5% had a female head of the household without a husband and 36.2% were not families. 32.3% of households were made up of individuals and someone lived in 13.2% of all households aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.

The population was divided into 24.4% minors, 9.5% 18–24 year olds, 25.3% 25–44 year olds, 24.7% 45–64 year olds and 16.0% aged 65 and over or more. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 women there were 87.5 men. For every 100 women over the age of 18, there were 83.0 men.

The median household income in Seneca was 32,643 US dollars and the median family income reached the amount of 44,487 US dollars. The median income for men was $ 31,381 compared with $ 21,472 for women. The per capita income was $ 18,498. 15.6% of the population and 13.0% of families had an income below the poverty line , including 23.0% of minors and 16.4% of those aged 65 and over.


Seneca, SC, City Hall
  • Seneca City Hall, the city hall, is located on North First Street in the center of Seneca's historic center. In addition to the offices of the mayor and the city director, the building complex also houses the Seneca Police Dept and the offices of Seneca Light and Water.
  • The Seneca Fire Department has its fire station on West South Fourth Street in a new building across from the Shaver Civic Center and municipal sports facilities. The City of Seneca also owns and operates a public swimming pool on North Fairplay Street.


supporting documents

  1. 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File ( English ) In: American FactFinder . United States Census Bureau . Retrieved August 4, 2012.
  2. US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990 . United States Census Bureau . February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  3. ^ Louise Matheson Bell: Seneca: Visions of Yesterday. 2003, ISBN 0-9763843-0-2 .
  4. ^ Walter Edgar (Ed.): The South Carolina encyclopedia, 2006, ISBN 1-57003-598-9 , p. 859.
  5. ^ Pictures of the Seneca Historic District
  6. ^ Seneca Historic District nomination form I
  7. ^ Seneca Historic District nomination form II
  8. ^ Map of Seneca Historic District
  9. ^ Pictures of the Ram Cat Alley Historic District
  10. Ram Cat Alley Historic District nomination form
  11. ^ Map of the Ram Cat Alley Historic District
  12. ^ National Register Information System . In: National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service . Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  13. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 ( English ) Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  14. United States Senator Lindsey Graham, South Carolina. Biography . Retrieved May 8, 2016.

Web links