Servus is a traditional, friendly greeting in large parts of Central Europe. He is in Rhineland-Palatinate , Baden-Württemberg , Bavaria , Hesse , Thuringia , Saarland , all over Austria and Poland, as well as South Tyrol (here also "Servas") to Slovenia , Croatia ("Servus" or "Serbus") , Hungary ("Szervusz" / "Szervusztok", "Szia" / "Sziasztok"), Slovakia ("Servus"), north-west Romania and Transylvania ("Servus"). It comes from the Latin ( servus for "the slave", "the servant") and means in short form "I am your servant" or "at your service".
"Servus" is especially common among friends and good acquaintances who are on their terms, also among members of social elites, e.g. B. it was also in use among the nobles of old Austria , Bohemia and Bavaria. It is therefore often found in the literature .
- "Put your goodbyes on it" means: sign something.
- “Na servus” is used in large parts of the Central Bavarian language area (pronounced “Na seawas”) as an exclamation of disapproving astonishment.
- Sas / Seas / Seasn / Seawas / Seawis / Sees / Sers / Sersn / Servas / Sewes / Sneas / Zeas / Zervas / Zias / Ziwas are numerous short forms and pronunciation variations that are partially used in Austria, Bavaria and also in Baden, Swabia and the Palatinate are common.
- Serbus / Sjervus / Sjerbus also Servus are numerous short forms and pronunciation variations that are common in Celje (Slovenia).
- In Hungarian there is both a singular form , which is aimed at a person addressed ("Szervusz", short form "Szia"), and a plural form for two or more people ("Szervusztok", "Sziasztok").
- The greeting ciao (or tschau ) is derived from the Italian word for slave , schiavo .
- In the Itzgründischen dialect area (around Sonneberg ) the German equivalent is servant! used.
- In Swedish , “tjena” is derived from “tjänare” (servant).