First World War
The victorious powers of 1918/19 of the First World War (the so-called Entente , Eng .: "Alliance") were France , the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , the United States of America and the Kingdom of Italy . Italy did not join the Entente until 1915 and Russia left after the October Revolution in 1917. The Entente triumphed over the Central Powers and determined the Paris suburb treaties .
Second World War
France had in 1940 suffered a defeat and was under German occupation. Despite the French capitulation, General Charles de Gaulle built up the Forces Françaises Libres abroad, which continued to fight on the side of the main Allies until the liberation of France and the occupation of Germany and Austria. After the war, France was subsequently chosen by the Allies to become a victorious power with its own zone of occupation on the territory of the defeated German Empire and formed part of the Four Powers . The United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom were often referred to as the three powers in this context ; In relation to West Germany , the collective term Three Powers (also: Three Western Powers ) is understood to mean France alongside the USA and Great Britain - with regard to their reservations - instead of the USSR .
In Austria , the occupation by the four victorious powers ended in 1955 when the Austrian State Treaty came into force . With the Four Power Agreement on Berlin , the victorious powers only came to an agreement on the Berlin question in 1971 . In the course of German reunification , the victorious powers of World War II met for the last time in 1990 to negotiate and sign the two-plus-four treaty . a. the termination of the four-power status and thus of the occupation in Berlin was regulated and which in particular restored the sovereignty of Germany as a whole .
In Asia , after the end of the Second World War, the Republic of China was also considered a victorious power over the Japanese Empire . Accordingly, China received a permanent seat on the newly established UN Security Council . The USA occupied Japan until 1951 and was the main occupying power there alongside some soldiers from the British Commonwealth . Korea was provisionally divided to disarm Japanese soldiers and occupied by troops from the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union. France and Great Britain received some of their lost colonies in Southeast Asia back and thus remained colonial powers .
- Entries Power (meaning) and Siegermacht , Duden online, accessed on August 4, 2019.
- See Eckart Klein , Germany's legal situation. In: Werner Weidenfeld / Karl-Rudolf Korte (Hrsg.): Handbuch zur deutschen Einheit 1949–1989–1999 , new edition 1999, pp. 282–291, here p. 284 f. ; Rudolf Hoke , Austrian and German Legal History , Böhlau, 1992, p. 511; Martin List, studying international politics. An introduction , VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2006, p. 102 .