The small forward (Eng. "Wing player", literally "small attacking player"), in English also three or 3 , is one of five positions in basketball . It is part of the front court , which also includes Power Forward and Center . According to today's NBA standard, the small forward is usually 1.96 to 2.03 meters tall and therefore usually smaller than the power forward or center.
Requirements and style of play
Classic small forwards as defined today are, for example, Grant Hill , Paul Pierce and Scottie Pippen . Other well-known small forwards in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame include Elgin Baylor , Rick Barry , John Havlicek , Julius Erving , James Worthy and Larry Bird .
Since small forwards usually have a good combination of physical strength and sprinting speed, there are definite defensive all-rounders among them. You can effectively defend multiple positions. Lakers- Small Forward Michael Cooper , who won the NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award in 1987 , always defended the best opposing wing or development player. In the same niche belong Ron Artest , who won the 2004 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award , and eight-time all-defensive team members Bobby Jones and Bruce Bowen , who could cover everything from power forward to point guard.
In addition to the classic small forward, there is a type of player who cannot be classified exactly as a small or power forward. They are unofficially referred to as combo forwards or tweeners (from English between two positions ).
The term "forward" comes from the time the sport of basketball was developed, when players - like in football - were divided into attackers (forwards) and defenders (guards). The forward is primarily responsible for scoring by pulling towards the basket. The division into small and power forward has only existed in this form since the 1970s. Previously, the two wingers were not distinguished, but were given similar tasks, although these were more like the field of tasks of today's small forward. Most NBA teams of the 1960s and earlier therefore typically had two very similar players on 3 and 4, such as the Philadelphia 76ers with Chet Walker and Billy Cunningham .