Δημοτική Ενότητα Τεγέας
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|29.9 inhabitants / km²
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|16 local communities
|Located in the municipality of Tripoli and in the Arcadia regional unit
Tegea ( Greek Τεγέα ( f. Sg. ), In the Middle Ages Nikli ) was one of the oldest and most powerful cities in Arcadia of ancient Greece and is now a district of the municipality of Tripoli with around 3500 inhabitants. Until 2010 Tegea was an independent municipality with the main town Stadio (540 Ew.).
Due to its location, the city was able to gain control of the fertile Arcadian plateau, since the 6th century BC. This position of power was endangered by Mantineia . The resulting rivalry determined until the 3rd century BC. The history of both cities. After prolonged fighting, Tegea came to power around 560 BC Under the hegemony of Sparta and was an important member of the Peloponnesian League . Around 470 BC In the battles of Tegea and Dipaia, the attempt to shake off the dependence on Sparta in alliance with other Arcadians and Argos failed . Tegea remained in its alliance system until the fall of the Spartan hegemony. From the late 2nd century BC It lost its political importance, but was still an economic, religious and cultural center.
In 395 AD it was destroyed by the Goths under Alaric I and rebuilt with the Byzantine name Nikli to become one of the most important bases of the Byzantine Empire in the Peloponnese . It existed until the 13th century.
Temple of Athena Alea
The temple of Athena Alea in Tegea was one of the most important religious places in Greece since the archaic epoch . The original archaic building from the 7th century BC BC burned 394 BC BC. He was around 370-350 BC. Renewed by the sculptor and architect Skopas . In the 6th century AD, the temple was destroyed by an earthquake. Its ruin is outside the ancient city of Tegea in the middle of the modern village of Alea .
Daughters and sons of Tegea
- Results of the 2011 census, Greek Statistical Office (ΕΛ.ΣΤΑΤ) ( Memento from June 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (Excel document, 2.6 MB)