Downtown Terre Haute
|Location in Indiana|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Vigo County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|60,852 (as of 2016)
170,687 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||752.2 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||83.1 km 2 (approx. 32 mi 2 ) of
which 80.9 km 2 (approx. 31 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||152 m|
|Area code :||+1 812|
|GNIS ID :||0444648|
|Mayor :||Duke A. Bennett ( R )|
The 2010 census counted 60,785 inhabitants in the city on the banks of the Wabash River. It is the administrative seat of Vigo County and the seat of Indiana State University . The mayor is Republican Duke A. Bennett .
Outside the city is the Terre Haute Federal Correctional Complex .
The name Terre Haute, French , means high country . It was given by French explorers who visited the plateau in the 18th century. Fort Harrison was built in 1811 during the Tecumseh War, marking the beginning of permanent settlement. The city itself was founded in 1816. In the following years it was the center of agriculture and pig breeding. It had a port on the Wabash .
On September 14, 1944 occurred near Terre Haute a serious railway accident : the intersection between a northbound train and the moving southward distance train Dixie Flyer was on a single-track route from the schedule provided Dewey ten kilometers to the north in the crossing station in Atherton has been postponed. The locomotive drivers had received appropriate instructions and the line was equipped with light signals , which also worked perfectly. Nevertheless, the engine driver of the Dixie Flyer did not stop in Atherton and drove through the intended junction station. There was a head-on collision between the two trains on the line, which was then again single-track. 29 people died and another 42 were injured.
¹ 1980–2010: Census Results
sons and daughters of the town
- Eugene V. Debs (1855–1926), socialist and presidential candidate
- Janet Scudder (1869-1940), sculptor
- Theodore Dreiser (1871–1945), writer
- Max Ehrmann (1872–1945), writer and lawyer
- Ray Arcel (1899-1994), boxing coach
- Chubby Johnson (1903–1974), actor
- Claude Thornhill (1909–1965), band leader, arranger and pianist
- Scatman Crothers (1910–1986), singer, composer and actor
- Philip José Farmer (1918–2009), science fiction author
- Jess Hahn (1921–1998), actor
- Birch Bayh (1928–2019), politician; US Senator from Indiana (1963–81)
- Hubert Dreyfus (1929–2017), philosopher and professor of philosophy
- Greg Bell (* 1930), long jumper and Olympic champion
- Edward Tryon (1940-2019), physicist
- Mick Mars (* 1951), hard rock guitarist
- Edward Wilkerson (* 1953), jazz musician and music teacher
- Brian D. Kerns (* 1957), politician
- Jose Pablo Cantillo (born 1979), actor
- Mike McCormick: Terre Haute. Queen City of the Wabash. Arcadia Publishing, Charleston SC 2005, ISBN 0-7385-2406-9 ( Making of America Series ).
- Peter WB Semmens: Catastrophes on rails. A worldwide documentation. Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71030-3 , p. 111f.