Walter Arthur Alexander Anderson (born October 10, 1885 in Minsk , Belarus , † August 23, 1962 in Kiel ) was one of the most important folklorists of the 20th century and the programmer of the folkloric geographic-historical method ( Finnish school ).
Walter Anderson was born in Minsk into a Baltic German family (his brothers were the statistician Oskar Anderson and the astrophysicist Wilhelm Anderson ) and grew up in Kazan , where his father Nikolai Anderson was a professor of Finno-Ugric languages . After graduating from high school, he began his studies at the historical-philological faculty of Kazan University and was seconded to the University of Saint Petersburg in 1909 with a scholarship for Western European literary history , where he obtained his master's degree in 1911. In the winter semester of 1911/12 he went to Berlin , where he took German studies at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin .
In 1912 Anderson received his first academic post as a private lecturer in Western European literary history and lecturer in Italian at Kazan University, where he was awarded a doctorate in 1916 for his master's thesis in general literary history. In 1918 Anderson was appointed associate professor at the Chair of Western European Literary History at Kazan University, but he was unable to accept the post due to the turmoil of the revolution. As a professor of folklore (1920-1939) at the University of Tartu (then Dorpat , Estonia ), where he gave his lectures first in German, but from 1922 in Estonian, he was jointly responsible for the development of folklore research in the Baltic States .
From 1920 Anderson was a full member of the Estonian Scholarly Society , of which he was also elected President for the years 1928 to 1929. Honorary membership of the society was granted to Anderson in 1930. In recognition of his work, he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1936 . He was also a corresponding member of the Finnish Literature Society (since 1926).
Like many Baltic Germans , Anderson was resettled from Estonia to Germany in October 1939 , where he worked at the Albertus University in Königsberg from 1940 to early 1945 . From December 1945 Walter Anderson taught as a visiting professor at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel and from 1951 he was a full member of the Baltic Historical Commission . In 1953 he retired, but continued his teaching and research activities at the University of Kiel, where he died in 1962 as a result of a traffic accident.
One of Anderson's most important works is the monograph Kaiser und Abt (Folklore Fellows' Communications 42, Helsinki 1923) based on his master's thesis from 1916 .
- Kaiser and Abbot. The story of a swank. Folklore Fellows' Communications 42, Helsinki, 1923.
- The Marspanik in Estonia 1921. Journal of the Verein für Volkskunde 35/36 , issue 4 Berlin, 1925–1926, pp. 229–252.
- About P. Jensen's method of comparative research into legends. Acta et commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis (Dorpatensis). B, Humaniora. XXI , Dorpat, 1930-1931.
- The sway from old Hildebrand. A comparative study (I + II). Acta et commentationes Universitatis Tartuensis (Dorpatensis). B, Humaniora. ( XXI + XXIII ), Dorpat, 1931.
- A folklore experiment. Folklore Fellows' Communications 141, Helsinki, 1951.
- Estonian Order of the White Star , 3rd Class (1938)
- Kurt Ranke (Ed.): Contributions to comparative narrative research. Commemorative publication for Walter Anderson . In: Folklore Fellows' Communications . Vol.LXIV, ACADEMIA SCIENTIARUM FENNICA, Helsinki
- Kurt Ranke : Anderson, Walter. In: Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales Vol. 1 (1977), Col. 493-494.
- Elo-Hanna Seljamaa: Walter Anderson: A Scientist beyond Historic and Geographic Borders , in: Kristin Kuutma & Tiu Jaago, Studies in Estonian Folkloristics and Ethnology. A Reader and Reflexive History, Tartu University Press, Tartu 2005 ISBN 9949-11-110-2 .
- Isidor Levin : Walter Anderson, * 10.10.1885 in Minsk - † 23.8.1962 in Kiel . In: German yearbook for folklore. 9, 1963, pp. 293-311.
- Otto A. Webermann : Walter Anderson (1885–1962) [obituary] . In: Journal for East Research . 12/1963, pp. 708-718.
- Гульнара Рафикова, Фарида Ибрагимова: Биографика Казанского университета: Андерсоны . In: «Гасырлар авазы - Эхо веков» . 2016 1/2 (2016).
- Literature by and about Walter Anderson in the catalog of the German National Library
- ^ Official directory of the staff and students of the Royal Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin . WH 1911/12. Buchdruckerei Gustav Schade (Otto Francke), Berlin 1911, p. 73 , doi : 10.18452 / 804 ( hu-berlin.de ).
- ↑ 766th monthly meeting of November 3, 1920. Meeting reports of the Estonian learned society of Dorpat 1912–1920 , Tartu, 1921, p. 131.
- ↑ Annual report. Meeting reports of the Estonian learned society in Dorpat 1927 , Tartu, 1929, p. 6.
- ↑ Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Anderson, Walter Arthur Alexander . In: BBLD - Baltic Biographical Lexicon digital
- ^ Member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences on BBAW.de
- ^ Friedrich Volbehr and Richard Weyl: Professors and lecturers at the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel 1665 to 1954 , 4th edition, Kiel, 1956
- ^ Paul Kaegbein and Wilhelm Lenz : Fifty years of Baltic historical research. 1947 - 1996. The Baltic Historical Commission and the Baltic Historians' Meeting in Göttingen. Publications, lectures, members . Cologne: Mare Balticum 1997. ISBN 3-929081-25-3
- ^ Estonian State Decorations - Bearers of decorations: Valter-Artur-Aleksander Anderson on president.ee
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Anderson, Walter Arthur Alexander|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Folklorist ( storyteller )|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 10, 1885|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Minsk|
|DATE OF DEATH||23rd August 1962|
|Place of death||Kiel|