|Vilejka | Vilejka|
|Вілейка | Вилейка|
|( Belarus. ) | ( Russian )|
|Residents :||26,736 (2010)|
|Time zone :||Moscow time ( UTC + 3 )|
|Telephone code :||(+375) 1771|
|Postal code :||BY - 222410|
|License plate :||5|
Wilejka (official transcription Vilejka , historically also Vialejka) is a city and the capital of the raion of the same name in the Republic of Belarus in the Minskaya Woblasz with around 30,000 inhabitants.
Vilejka is located in the northwestern part of the Minsk region, not far from the city of Maladsetschna on the right bank of the river Wilija (lit. Neris ), which is dammed here. A few kilometers to the north is the Naratsch Lake with its surrounding nature reserve.
coat of arms
First mentioned in 1599, after the third partition of Poland in 1795 , Wilejka became a district capital in the Minsk governorate (from 1843 in the Vilna governorate ). After the Polish-Russian war, the city fell to the re-established Polish state in 1920 and became the center of the Wilejka district in the Wilno Voivodeship (today: Vilnius / Lithuania ). In 1939 Wilejka was occupied by the Red Army and fell to the Soviet Union as part of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact . The city was now the center of the Vilejka district in the Belarusian SSR . After Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union, several hundred people, mainly wounded and sick Polish prisoners of war, were murdered by the Soviet troops on June 24, 1941 before they left. From June 26, 1941 to July 3, 1944, the city was occupied by the German Wehrmacht , which murdered a total of 6,972 Jewish residents and destroyed Wilejka to the ground.
See also: Synagogue (Wilejka)
Vilejka is located on several secondary connections in both rail and road traffic. The most important of these is the railway connection from Maladsetschna to Polatsk .
In the vicinity of Vilejka there is a large long-wave transmitter and the largest reservoir in Belarus.