Wolfram Fischer

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Wolfram Fischer (born May 9, 1928 in Weigelsdorf-Tannenberg ) is a German economic and social historian and professor emeritus at the Free University of Berlin .


Wolfram Fischer attended the National Political Education Institute in Rottweil and graduated from high school in Böblingen in 1946 . From 1947 he studied history, philosophy, economics and social sciences in Heidelberg , Tübingen , Göttingen and London. He received his doctorate in 1951 in Tübingen under Hans Rothfels as Dr. phil. ( The Principality of Hohenlohe in the Age of Enlightenment ). In 1954 he acquired the Dr. rer. pole. ( Craft law and craft economy around 1800 ).

From 1954 to 1958 Fischer was a scientific assistant at the TH Karlsruhe and then became a scientific consultant at the social research center at the University of Münster in Dortmund. In 1960/61 he completed his habilitation in Heidelberg and Münster with Erich Maschke and Walther G. Hoffmann . He then worked as a lecturer in Heidelberg and Münster before he became a scientific adviser and professor in Münster in 1963 and in 1964 accepted a professorship for economic and social history at the Free University of Berlin . From 1968 to 1970 he was Dean of the Faculty of Economics at the Free University of Berlin. In 1996 Fischer retired. He lives in Berlin.

Fischer was visiting professor at the following universities and institutes: Harvard University , University of California, Berkeley , Stanford University , Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (New Jersey) , University of Oxford ( All Souls College ), University of Calgary , Georgetown University , Hebrew University Jerusalem and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars .

Memberships and honors

In 1963 Fischer was elected a full member of the Historical Commission for Westphalia . He has been a corresponding member since 1968. In addition, Fischer has been a member of the Historical Commission in Berlin since 1966 , which he headed from 1990 to 1996, and since 1973 of the Berlin Scientific Society . He was a member of the emergency community for a free university . He has also been a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities since 1992 and of the Academia Europaea since 1995 . He is also a member of the American Philosophical Society .

In 1997 the Humboldt University of Berlin awarded him an honorary doctorate.

Publications (selection)

  • (as editor): The Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin 1914–1945 . Interdisciplinary working group Berlin academy history in the 19th and 20th centuries, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-05-003327-4 .
  • Expansion - integration - globalization. Studies on the history of the world economy , edited by Paul Erker and Heinrich Volkmann (= Critical Studies on History , Vol. 125), Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1998, ISBN 978-3-525-35788-0 .
  • (as editor): Standard of living and economic systems. Studies. Commissioned by the DG BANK Science Fund (= publications by DG-Bank, Deutsche Genossenschaftsbank , Vol. 20), Knapp, Frankfurt am Main 1995, ISBN 978-3-7819-0564-1 .
  • (as editor): Exodus of science from Berlin. Questions - Results - Desiderata. Developments before and after 1933 , Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences . Working group Exodus of Sciences from Berlin, de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, ISBN 978-3-11-013945-7 .
  • (as editor): Economy in divided Berlin 1945–1990. Research approaches and contemporary witnesses (= individual publications of the Historical Commission in Berlin , vol. 76), Saur, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-598-23220-9 .
  • (as editor): Treuhandanstalt. Dare to do the impossible. (= Research reports ), Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-05-002401-1 .
  • (as editor): The history of power supply , publishing and business company of the electricity works, Frankfurt / M. 1992, ISBN 3-8022-0298-8 .
  • (as editor): Henning Berlin. The history of a pharmaceutical company 1913–1991 (= writings on economic and social history , vol. 40), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-428-07496-3 .
  • (as editor): Basics of the historical statistics of Germany. Sources, methods, research goals (= publications of the Central Institute for Social Science Research of the Free University of Berlin , vol. 65), Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1991, ISBN 3-531-12246-0 .
  • (as editor): Currency reform and social market economy. Experiences and perspectives after 40 years (= writings of the Verein für Socialpolitik , NF, Bd. 190), Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-428-06727-4 .
  • (as editor): European economic and social history from the First World War to the present (= Handbook of European Economic and Social History , Vol. 6), Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-12-904780-8 .
  • (as editor): Constraints and scope for action in economic and social policy in the interwar period , Scripta-Mercaturae-Verlag, St. Katharinen 1985, ISBN 3-922661-23-8 .
  • (as editor): European economic and social history from the middle of the 19th century to the First World War (= Handbook of European Economic and Social History , Vol. 5), Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1985, ISBN 3-12-904770- 0 .
  • Poverty in history. Forms and attempts at solving the “social question” in Europe since the Middle Ages (= Kleine Vandenhoeck series , 1476), Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1982, ISBN 978-3-525-33465-2 .
  • The world economy in the 20th century (= Kleine Vandenhoeck series , 1450), Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1979, ISBN 978-3-525-33431-7 .
  • Economy and society in the age of industrialization. Essays, studies, lectures (= critical studies on historical science , vol. 1), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1972, ISBN 3-525-35951-9 .
  • (as editor): Contributions to economic growth and economic structure in the 16th and 19th centuries (= writings of the Verein für Socialpolitik , NF, vol. 63), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1971, ISBN 3-428-02595-4 .
  • German economic policy 1918–1945 , Leske, Opladen 1968, ISBN 3-7850-0073-1 .
  • (as editor): Economic and social-historical problems of early industrialization , Colloquium Verlag, Berlin 1968.
  • (as editor): The social question. More recent studies on the situation of factory workers in the early phases of industrialization , Koehler, Stuttgart 1967.
  • Entrepreneurship, self-government and the state. The chambers of commerce in the German economic and state constitution of the 19th century , Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964.
  • The state and the beginnings of industrialization in Baden. Volume 1: The state industrial policy , Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1962.
  • (as editor): Sources on the history of German handicrafts. Self-testimonials since the Reformation (= collection of sources on cultural history , vol. 17), Musterschmidt, Göttingen 1957.
  • (together with Rudolf Stadelmann ): The educational world of the German craftsman around 1800. Studies on the sociology of the petty bourgeoisie in the age of Goethe , Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955.


  • Rüdiger Hohls, Konrad H. Jarausch (Ed.): Missed questions. German historians in the shadow of National Socialism . Stuttgart: DVA, 2000, ISBN 3-421-05341-3 , pp. 89–117 (interview as part of the project: New Beginning and Development of German History in the 1950s / 60s , online ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Website at the Free University of Berlin.
  2. ^ Website at the Free University of Berlin.