Rudolf Stadelmann (historian)

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Rudolf Stadelmann (born April 23, 1902 in Adelmannsfelden , † August 17, 1949 in Tübingen ) was a German historian and professor of modern history .


Rudolf Stadelmann was born on April 23, 1902 in the rectory in Adelmannsfelden as the first child of Pastor Paul Stadelmann (1872–1923) and his wife Clara († 1945). His wife was the daughter of pastor Leonhard Rau (1841-1919), at the time the first city pastor in Langenau from 1892 to 1903, then pastor in Uhlbach until his retirement in 1908 . Rudolf's father held the pastoral office in Adelmannsfelden from 1901 to 1912. Most recently he was garrison pastor in Ludwigsburg .

After studying history in Tübingen , Heidelberg , Munich and Berlin , Stadelmann received his doctorate in 1924 at the University of Tübingen as a student of Gerhard Ritter with the dissertation The historical sense at Herder . He then completed a teacher training and worked from 1926 to 1928 as a teacher in Kirchheim / Teck . After stays abroad, including as a lecturer in Bologna , he completed his habilitation in 1929 at the University of Freiburg on the spirit of the late Middle Ages and then worked there as a private lecturer. Under the influence of Martin Heidegger , he developed, against the resistance of Ritter, an increasing proximity to National Socialism and in 1936 joined the equestrian standard of the SA .

In 1936 Stadelmann received a full professorship at the University of Giessen , and in 1938 he moved to Tübingen. Stadelmann initially stood up for a National Socialist Germany with enthusiasm in 1933, but his relationship with the NSDAP soon cooled down , so that appointments to Gießen and Tübingen cost “some fights with the party offices”. The differences were less political than personal.

In the Nazi state Stadelmann was a public presence, he acted against the military, the SA, the student youth and French prisoners. He did not have to enlist in the Wehrmacht , but instead carried out “research work that was important to the war effort”, for example evaluating the “booty files” from the Quai d'Orsay . There he served in the "file commission" which compiled documents on German history in the archives and partially "transferred" them to Germany.

Stadelmann's research was politically about strengthening national self-confidence. His portrayals of Luther , Bismarck and Frederick the Great were supposed to achieve this, and he ignored periods of weakness. Almost until the end of the Second World War he was committed to maintaining the “fighting morale” of the Wehrmacht. Nevertheless, he remained professor in Tübingen after the war , nothing is known about his denazification . After 1945 he turned into a moderate conservative.

Some historians do not classify Stadelmann as a “National Socialist” but as a “ fellow traveler ”. Jörg-Peter Jatho comes to the conclusion that Stadelmann cannot be captured because of his ambivalent behavior with the categories “National Socialist” or “Follower”.

Fonts (selection)

  • Herder's historical sense. (Dissertation) Niemeyer, Halle 1928.
  • From the spirit of the late Middle Ages. Niemeyer, Halle 1929.
  • as ed. with Gerhard Ritter : Otto von Bismarck, Memory and Thought. Critical new edition due to the entire written estate. German publishing company, Berlin 1932.
  • The year 1865 and the problem of Bismarck's German policy. Oldenbourg, Munich 1933.
  • German history from the age of the Reformation to the death of Frederick the Great (= Handbook of German History. Volume 2). Athenaion, Potsdam 1936.
  • From the legacy of modern times. Koehler and Amelang, Leipzig 1942.
  • Germany and Western Europe. Three essays. Steiner, Laupheim 1948.
  • Social and political history of the revolution of 1848. Bruckmann, Munich 1948.
  • as Ed. Jacob Burckhardt, Weltgeschichtliche Considerungen. Historical-critical complete edition. Neske, Pfullingen 1949.
  • Moltke and the state. Scherpe, Krefeld 1950.
  • Scharnhorst. Destiny and the spiritual world. A fragment. With a foreword by Hans Rothfels . Limes, Wiesbaden 1952.
  • History of the English Revolution. . [Lectures held in the winter semester 1945/46], Limes, Wiesbaden 1954.


  • Eduard Spranger : Rudolf Stadelmann in memory. Academic memorial service on January 21, 1950 in the ballroom of the University of Tübingen. (= Tübingen University Speeches. Volume 2). Mohr, Tübingen 1950.
  • Hermann Heimpel : Rudolf Stadelmann and German History. In: Historical magazine. Volume 172, 1951, No. 2, pp. 285-307.
  • Jörg-Peter Jatho, Gerd Simon: Giessen historian in the Third Reich. Focus Verlag, Giessen 2008, ISBN 978-3-88349-522-4 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Paul Stadelmann (GND 1146360975 ) born March 16, 1872 in Gablenberg ; † August 8, 1923 in Ludwigsburg . Personal file of the State Church Archives, signature A 27 No. 3158. Generalmagisterbuch by Christian Sigel (“The Evangelical Württemberg”), Volume 16.2 Spemann – Utz. Gebersheim 1931, no.5.19 .
  2. Leonard Rau (GND 1127056042 ) August 25, 1841 Lauterburg ; † March 30, 1919 in Ludwigsburg . Personal file of the Landeskirchliches Archiv, signature A 27 No. 2539. Generalmagisterbuch by Christian Sigel ("The Evangelical Württemberg"), Volume 15.1 Raab – Rückert. Gebersheim 1931, no.76.38 .
  3. ^ Theodor Rieger: Memories of my time as vicar in Adelmannsfelden 1900–1902 . Oberstenfeld 1960, p. 7th ff .
  4. ^ Hermann Heimpel : Rudolf Stadelmann and the German history. In: Historische Zeitschrift Volume 172, 1951; Reprint: Sabine Krüger (Ed.): Hermann Heimpel: Aspects. Old and new texts. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 1995, ISBN 3-89244-095-6 , pp. 202-223, here: pp. 204 f.
  5. ^ Laurenz Müller: Dictatorship and Revolution. Reformation and the Peasants' War in the history of the “Third Reich” and the GDR. Verlag Lucius and Lucius, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8282-0289-6 , pp. 88 and 142.
  6. ^ Peter Stadler : Historians and historical studies in Giessen. In: Dieter Hein , Klaus Hildebrand , Andreas Schulz (eds.): History and life. The historian as a scientist and contemporary. Festschrift for Lothar Gall on his 70th birthday. Verlag Oldenbourg, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-486-58041-8 , pp. 103-114, here. P. 108.
  7. ^ Wolfram Fischer : Exodus of Sciences from Berlin. (= Academy of Sciences Berlin, research report. Volume 7) Verlag de Gruyter, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-11-013945-6 , p. 182.
  8. a b Announcement on the lecture by Jörg-Peter Jatho: Rudolf Stadelmann and Kurt Borries, two Tübingen historians during the Nazi era (PDF; 42 kB).
  9. ^ Uwe Dietrich Adam: University and National Socialism (= Contubernium. Contributions to the history of the Eberhard-Karls University of Tübingen . Volume 23) Verlag Steiner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-16-939602-1 , p. 189.
  10. Frank-Rutger Hausmann : “Even in war the muses are not silent.” The German Scientific Institutes in World War II. (= Publications of the Max Planck Institute for History. Volume 169) Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 2002, ISBN 3-525-35181-X , p. 116.
  11. Ursula Wolf: Litteris et patriae. Verlag Steiner, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-515-06875-9 , p. 199.
  12. a b Karel Hruza: Review of: Jatho, Jörg-Peter; Simon, Gerd: Gießen historian in the Third Reich. Giessen 2008 . In: H-Soz-u-Kult , July 28, 2009, accessed January 15, 2011.