Armin Stroh (born April 24, 1912 in Reutlingen , † March 6, 2002 in Burglengenfeld ) was a German prehistorian and head of the branch of the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation in Regensburg .
He studied prehistory at the Universities of Freiburg, Kiel, Tübingen, Vienna and Marburg. At the latter university he received his doctorate in 1938 under Gero von Merhart on the subject of "The Rössen Culture in Southwest Germany". He then stayed in Marburg and held an assistant position at the university in 1939. After that he had to enlist in the German Wehrmacht ; During his deployment on the Eastern Front, he was taken prisoner by the Russians. After his release he was brought to the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation by Werner Krämer in 1948 . In 1951 he became a museum assessor at the Regensburg City Museum for a short time , then returned to the Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments, where he took over the newly established branch in Regensburg in 1952. In 1958 he suffered a serious traffic accident, which in 1967 led to his permanent incapacity; he had to resign as senior curator at the Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments, but continued to work on his scientific projects until his death.
Armin Stroh not only had to deal with the archaeological preservation of Regensburg and the Upper Palatinate under adventurous circumstances, but also those in the Kelheim district . In addition, he had to head the prehistoric and early history department of the Regensburg City Museum with a display collection, depot and workshop. “In order to keep the area-wide archaeological monument preservation alive, Stroh tried to train volunteer workers, to whom he also issued blank authorizations for emergency rescues. Such a procedure turned out to be bitterly necessary, because in this difficult time for the preservation of monuments not only the construction industry flourished; In the loess area of the Danube valley, more powerful tractors made deep plowing possible to a previously unimaginable level, which led to a catastrophic decimation of the stock of archaeological monuments. Literally entire grave fields were now brought to the surface of the field, and quick action was required before the identifiable contexts of the find were destroyed again by harrowing and further plowing. ”In the 1960s, the archaeological excursions were made by bicycle and until the end of the 1960s he had to content themselves with a moped, which was the official vehicle of the Regensburg branch of the Bavarian Office for the Preservation of Monuments. Armin Stroh also had to do with the race between economic use and the scientifically guided salvage of archaeological finds at an excavation site on the Main-Danube Canal in the lower Altmühltal when he uncovered heavily overbuilt Bronze Age burial mounds in 1975 .
His main work are probably the excavations of Schirndorf near Kallmünz , which he documented and which he recorded in a six-part work after his retirement. A standard work is certainly also his work on the prehistoric and early historical terrain monuments of the Upper Palatinate , in which he meticulously described all these archaeological traces in the Upper Palatinate with the possibilities of his time.
- Corresponding member of the German Archaeological Institute
- Federal Cross of Merit (1977)
- The Hallstatt burial ground in Schirndorf district of Regensburg. Volume 1. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1979, ISBN 3-7847-5035-4 .
- The Hallstatt burial ground of Schirndorf, Ldkr. Regensburg. Volume 2. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1988, ISBN 3-7847-5036-2 .
- The Hallstatt burial ground of Schirndorf, Ldkr. Regensburg. Volume 3. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 2000, ISBN 3-7847-5037-0 .
- The Hallstatt burial ground of Schirndorf, Ldkr. Regensburg. Volume 4. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 2000, ISBN 3-7847-5038-9 .
- The Hallstatt burial ground of Schirndorf, Ldkr. Regensburg. Volume 5. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 2001, ISBN 3-7847-5078-8 .
- The Hallstatt burial ground of Schirndorf, Ldkr. Regensburg. Volume 6: Studies on the tableware equipment. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1999, ISBN 3-7847-5079-6 .
- Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum (Ed.): Again: Mice and Toads. Publishing house of the Roman-Germanic Central Museum, Mainz 1996.
- Stone ceiling graves? Munich 1987.
- Settlement finds relating to the Carolingian-Ottonian row graves near Burglengenfeld (Upper Palatinate). Beck, Munich 1983.
- A Roman weight from the Transdanubian foreland? Beck, Munich 1976.
- The prehistoric and early historical site monuments of the Upper Palatinate (= material booklets on Bavarian prehistory. Series B, Volume 3). Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1975, ISBN 3-7847-5030-3 .
- Prehistoric overview. Munich 1970.
- Investigation on the east side of the Legio III Italica camp in Regensburg. Berlin 1971.
- Remarks on the Hallstatt cult of the dead in the Upper Palatinate. Berlin 1970.
- Our Upper Palatinate: Prehistoric and early historical contributions to their becoming. Volume 1 + 2. Verlag Michael Lassleben, Kallmünz 1966.
- The Maifelsen near Essing in the district of Kelheim (Lower Bavaria). Verlag Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 1965.
- Graves from the Urnfield Period near Schalkenthan, Suss community, Amberg / Opf district. Beck, Munich 1964.
- Younger Stone Age in the Upper Palatinate Alb. Michael Lassleben Publishing House, Kallmünz 1963.
- The Maximilianfelsen in the district of Eschenbach (Upper Palatinate): a genus of surface monuments. Beck, Munich 1962.
- Barrow excavated near Luhe. Knauf, Weiden 1956.
- New observations on Iron Age burial mounds in the Upper Palatinate. Munich 1955.
- The row graves of the Carolingian-Ottonian period in the Upper Palatinate. Michael Lassleben Publishing House, Kallmünz 1954.
- Guide through the collections of the city of Regensburg. Volume 2: Minorite monastery and church, tombs, stone sculptures, weapons. Verlag Mittelbayerische Druck- und Verlags-Gesellschaft, Regensburg 1953.
- Guide through the collections of the city of Regensburg. Volume 1: Pre- and Protohistoric Department Location: Regensburg . Verlag Mittelbayerische Druck- und Verlags-Gesellschaft, Regensburg 1953.
- Carolingian era row graves in Nabburg / Upper Palatinate. Berlin 1953.
- Ground plan for the prehistory of Swabia (= Swabian local history. Volume 6) Verlag des Heimatpflegers von Schwaben, Kempten 1951.
- The Rössen culture in southwest Germany. Dissertation 1939.
- Magazine articles
- Fischbach: A contribution to the history of the Upper Palatinate without writing. In: Negotiations of the historical association for Upper Palatinate and Regensburg. 1970, Volume 110, pp. 181-196.
- Prehistoric and early historical ramparts on the Schlossberg near Kallmünz. In: Guide to Prehistoric and Protohistoric Monuments. 1967, Volume 6, pp. 43-45.
- Investigations on the Roman wall in Regensburg. In: New excavations in Germany. 1958, pp. 425-431.
- Excavations in the ring wall near Kallmünz. In: The Upper Palatinate. Volume 46, 1958, pp. 25-29.
- Publications on the web
- Armin Stroh: Roman pottery furnace with local ceramics from Hailfingen, OA. Rottenburg. In: Germania: Anzeiger of the Roman-Germanic commission of the German Archaeological Institute. Volume 18, 1934 ( uni-heidelberg.de ).
- Armin Stroh: Report of the prehistoric department of the Regensburg Museum from December 1, 1953 to October 31, 1954 ( heimatforschung-regensburg.de PDF).
Literature about Armin Stroh
- Erwin Keller, Michael Petzelt: Armin Stroh for his 80th birthday. In: Ber. Bayer. Monument Preservation 34/35, 1993/94, pp. 9–15.
- Armin Stroh. In Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1992, p.?.
- Literature by and about Armin Stroh in the catalog of the German National Library
- Straw, Armin . Publications in the bibliographic database of the Regesta Imperii .
- Literature by and about Armin Stroh in the bibliographic database WorldCat
- Thomas Fischer: In memoriam Hans-Jürgen Werner . In: Acta Albertina Ratisbonensia . tape 50/2 , 1997, pp. 231–234 ( PDF on ZOBODAT [accessed March 23, 2020]).
- Marion Scheiblecker, Florian Becker, Sarah Abandowitz, Jörg WE Fassbinder: In the footsteps of grave robbers: Geophysical prospection of Hallstatt-era grave mounds near Einsiedel. 2018 ( researchgate.net ) Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- Jakob Moro: The Strahlfelder Stierl poses a riddle. Is it a bull or a wild boar? Archaeologists know little about the structure that a farmer found at work in 1950. In: Mittelbayerische Zeitung . August 5, 2016. ( Mittelbayerische.de ) Retrieved January 23, 2020.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German archaeologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 24, 1912|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Reutlingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 6, 2002|
|Place of death||Burglengenfeld|