Asparagus herb of the vegetable asparagus or garden asparagus ( Asparagus officinalis )
The subfamily of asparagoideae belongs to the family of asparagaceae (Asparagaceae) within the order of asparagus-like (Asparagales). The family comprises two genera . It can be found worldwide. The best known is the vegetable asparagus or garden asparagus ( Asparagus officinalis ), some asparagus species and their varieties are ornamental plants, especially for rooms.
They are perennial herbaceous plants or woody plants: shrubs or lianas . In many species, the leaves are reduced and the stems take on the task of photosynthesis. The perennial herbaceous species have rhizomes as persistent organs. If there are leaves then they are alternate, simple, parallel-veined and entire. The leaves are often only scaly and membranous. Stipules are missing.
The flowers stand alone or in completely different inflorescences . The relatively small, threefold flowers are hermaphroditic or unisexual. If the flowers are unisexual then these plant species can be monoecious ( monoecious ) or dioecious ( dioecious ) separately sexed. There are six equally protean bloom cladding exist, their color is green, white or yellow. There are two circles with three stamens each; they are free to each other but fused with the base of the bracts. In the hermaphrodite and male flowers, all of the stamens are fertile . The female flowers have staminodes and septal nectaries . Three carpels have become a top permanent ovary grown. The stylus is at most as long as the ovary.
There are berries formed.
The molecular genetic investigations in the last ten years have led to the fact that the family boundaries within the order of the Asparagales have shifted significantly. So corresponds to the earlier extent of the Asparagaceae s. st. Today only a subfamily (asparagoideae) in the family of asparagaceae (Asparagaceae). The Asparagoideae were first described in 1837 by Hermann Burmeister in the Handbuch der Naturgeschichte . The type genus is Asparagus L.
There are only two genera in the subfamily Asparagoideae:
- Asparagus ( Asparagus L. , Syn .: Asparagopsis Kunth , Elachanthera F. Muell. , Myrsiphyllum Willd. , Protasparagus Oberm. ): The center of the biodiversity of the over 200 to about 220 species is the Capensis , but there are also species in Europe.
- Hemiphylacus S. Watson : The five species are common in Mexico.
- The subfamily of asparagoideae in APWebsite. (engl.)
- Description of the Asparagaceae at DELTA. (engl.)
- Mark W. Chase, James L. Reveal & Michael F. Fay: A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. Volume 161, Issue 2, 2009, pp. 132-136. (Systematics section) viewed in January 2010.
- Shosei Kubota, Itaru Konno, Akira Kanno: Molecular phylogeny of the genus Asparagus (Asparagaceae) explains interspecific crossability between the garden asparagus (A. officinalis) and other Asparagus species. In: Theoretical and Applied Genetics Volume 124, Issue 2, 2012, pp. 345-354. doi : 10.1007 / s00122-011-1709-2
- Maria F. Norupa, Gitte Petersena, Sandie Burrowsb, Yanis Bouchenak-Khelladic, Jim Leebens-Mackd, J. Chris Pirese, H. Peter Linderc, Ole Seberga: Evolution of Asparagus L. (Asparagaceae): Out-of-South- Africa and multiple origins of sexual dimorphism. In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution , Volume 92, November 2015, pp. 25-44. doi : 10.1016 / j.ympev.2015.06.002
- Luis S. Hernández: Taxonomic Study of the Mexican Genus Hemiphylacus (Hyacinthaceae). In: Systematic Botany , Volume 20, 1995, pp. 546-554.