Army anti-aircraft training center
Army anti-aircraft training center
|active||July 7, 1956
(October 1, 2007) to March 12, 2012
|Armed forces||armed forces|
|Type||Center of the Army|
|Insinuation||Training center Munster|
|Gun color||coral red|
|last commander||Colonel i. G. Klaus Kuhlen|
The Army Air Defense Force Training Center was one of the centers of the Army and was particularly responsible for the development and training of the Army Air Defense Force as well as for the air defense training of the entire Bundeswehr . For reasons of tradition, it was nicknamed the Army Air Defense School , which existed in Rendsburg until 2007 and was the predecessor organization of the center. On March 12, 2012, the Army Air Defense Force was disbanded and the training center was decommissioned.
The commander of the Army Air Defense Force Training Center was a colonel and general of the Army Air Defense Force . The seat of the center was the Feldwebel-Schmid-Kaserne until the end of 2009 , until May 2000 the Rüdelkaserne in Rendsburg in Schleswig-Holstein . In the course of the transformation of the Bundeswehr, it was relocated to Munster , the move was completed in June 2010. The training center also had branches in Todendorf and Putlos , where mainly shooting training was carried out.
The center was divided into:
- Teaching area
- Training area
- Development area
Mission and training centers
As with all schools and centers of the army , the task consisted primarily of training and further development. In addition, the Army Air Defense Force Training Center held the Air Defense Symposium every year, which was of great international importance to the military and industry.
At the Army Air Defense Force Training Center, all officers and non-commissioned officers, as well as regular soldiers in the team career of the military type, were trained. In addition, soldiers of all career groups and all branches of the armed forces were trained in air defense. The practical shooting training with the anti-aircraft cannon tank (FlakPz) Gepard 1 A2 , the light anti-aircraft system , the flying fists and other anti-aircraft weapons was carried out at the anti-aircraft firing range in Todendorf .
The anti-aircraft shooting range in Todendorf offered the anti-aircraft / anti-aircraft training base the prerequisites for anti-aircraft and anti-aircraft shooting on six firing ranges, each with up to 14 positions, which were located directly on the coastline. On the neighboring military training area Putlos , building on the school shooting at flight targets, ground target shooting and combat shooting at flight and ground targets took place within the framework of tactical situations.
The center was responsible for the further development of the army air defense and the air defense of the Bundeswehr. Most recently, the focus of further development was on the MANTIS close-range protection system . The aim was to introduce a highly effective weapon system based on the “ Skyshield ” system from Rheinmetall Air Defense AG (formerly Oerlikon Contraves AG, Zurich) to defend against attacks with rocket, artillery and mortar projectiles. This was intended to ensure the hitherto inadequate protection of German military camps on missions abroad. MANTIS was also a possible basis for a modular air defense system that was intended to replace the Gepard anti-aircraft tank in the long term. After the decision to dissolve the military branch, the development of MANTIS was completed and the introduction of the system to the Air Force was accompanied.
From the field development and troop trials, trials, trial exercises and plan investigations were carried out and evaluated, as were members of the area development permanently in the Bundeswehr Technical Center for Information Technology and Electronics (WTD 81) in Greding stationed. In addition, all missions of the air target display of the army air defense over German territory were coordinated centrally in the area of further development.
On March 22, 1956, the establishment of the Army Schools , including the Fla-Troop School , was ordered. The anti-aircraft troop school was set up in the anti-aircraft barracks in Rendsburg , which already served the Wehrmacht in a similar function. The barracks were later named after Colonel General Günther Rüdel and renamed Feldwebel-Schmid-Kaserne in 2000.
On July 7, 1956, the school was put into service. The school was initially an army school and switched to the Air Force on April 5, 1957 . In 1964 the school was again subordinated to the army and renamed the Army Air Defense School. The training took place first on M16 guns, later on the anti-aircraft tank M42 Duster , the field air defense system Flak 40 mm L / 70 and later on Roland and Gepard. The tasks of the Army Air Defense School were most recently largely congruent with today's center.
After more than 50 years of existence, the Army Air Defense School was decommissioned on November 28, 2007 and used to set up the Army Air Defense Force Training Center. This took over the duties of the Army Air Defense School on October 1, 2007. The Army Air Defense Force Training Center said goodbye to the city of Rendsburg as the last military association after 345 years of garrison history with a roll call and a big tattoo on September 24, 2009 with a large participation of the population .
The relocation from Rendsburg to Munster was completed in June 2010. Only a few weeks later, in July 2010, the then Federal Minister of Defense, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, ordered the dissolution of the military, including all associations, units and the training center. The tasks were transferred to the air force. The training center was decommissioned on March 12, 2012 in the course of the roll call of the Army anti-aircraft troops at the anti-aircraft firing range in Todendorf by the Army Inspector Lieutenant General Werner Freers , in the presence of the Air Force Inspector Lieutenant General Aarne Kreuzinger-Janik .
Association badge and coat of arms
The association badge, worn on the left sleeve of the service suit, and the coat of arms, worn as a chest tag, were taken over from the Army Air Defense School without change.
The basic form of the association badge corresponded to that of the Army Office .
It was a shield with a red background and showed two crossed swords. Under the swords in the base of the shield there was a white "S", which marked the schools of the army . The piping of the badge was coral red, the weapon color of the military branch.
coat of arms
The coat of arms (internal association badge) had its origin in the memorial for the fallen from the flak cartillery of the First World War, which was built in 1934 in Berlin-Lankwitz. The colors of the coat of arms corresponded to the federal colors. The gold-framed shield showed a golden, kneeling archer on a red background and the ornate initials "FAS" in the black, arched shield base.
The archer depicted with his clamped arrow pointing into the sky was borrowed from the memorial and a traditional motif in the military category. The arch line originated from the tactical anti-aircraft symbol , which symbolized the so-called anti-aircraft sky . The initials "FAS" refer to the former Flakartillerieschule 1 in Rerik / Mecklenburg , which it has run in this form since 1935.
- In 1969 the later Federal Minister of Defense Franz Josef Jung (CDU) completed his training as a reserve officer on the anti-aircraft tank M42 at the Army Air Defense School. During a troop visit in August 2007, he was named an honor gunner by the then Army Air Defense General at the time, Brigadier General Wolfgang Köpke .
- The later commander of the medical command , senior officer general a. D. Dr. med. Erich Wolfgang Bick completed an officer training at the Army Air Defense School from 1966 before studying human medicine in 1969. He was made an honor gunner of the military branch in autumn 2007.
- Günter Raulf , Lieutenant General ret. D. of the Luftwaffe, most recently head of the Air Force Office, was a participant in the first ensign course at the Fla-Troops School (later the Army Air Defense School).
- The science astronaut, physicist and university professor Ulrich Walter spent 12 months as a trainer at the Army Air Defense School.
- Alexander Müller (* 1969), German politician (FDP), member of the Bundestag, chairman of the defense committee, completed his basic military training here in 1988.
|No.||Surname||Beginning of the appointment||End of appointment|
|15th||Colonel Klaus Kuhlen||November 28, 2007||March 12, 2012|
|14th||Brigadier General Wolfgang Koepke||March 10, 2005||November 28, 2007|
|13||Brigadier General Dieter Schuster||September 30, 2000||March 10, 2005|
|12||Brigadier General Udo Beitzel||July 8, 1994||September 29, 2000|
|11||Colonel Dietmar Strobel||April 1, 1992||July 7, 1994|
|10||Colonel Siegfried Erwin Schwiering||April 1, 1989||March 31, 1992|
|9||Colonel Hans-Joachim Schenk||November 1, 1986||March 31, 1989|
|8th||Colonel Hans-Alexander Freiherr von Falkenhausen||October 1, 1984||October 31, 1986|
|7th||Colonel Kurt Kaufmann||April 1, 1979||September 30, 1984|
|6th||Colonel H.-J. Boller||April 1, 1973||March 31, 1979|
|5||Colonel R. Handrich||1st October 1969||March 31, 1973|
|4th||Colonel Hans Rochlitz||April 1, 1963||September 30, 1969|
|3||Colonel K. Fischer||July 1, 1961||March 31, 1963|
|2||Colonel Friedrich-Franz Rittner||September 1, 1957||June 30, 1961|
|1||Colonel Eugen Walter||June 24, 1956||August 31, 1957|
- Stefan Heydt, Christian Bannert (project officer): The army schools . On behalf of the Army Office , Fölbach-Medienservice, Munich 2011, p. 72 ff.
- dbwv.de: Speed before thoroughness? ( Memento of October 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) , accessed April 30, 2011