|Water code||DE : 23838234|
Swabian-Franconian forest mountains
|Drain over||"Spiegelberger" Lauter → Murr → Neckar → Rhine → North Sea|
|source||south of Wüstenrot on the northwest slope of the Steinberg on the K 2100
|muzzle||In Wüstenrot- Neulautern from the left and northeast into the "Spiegelberger" Lauter
|Height difference||approx. 158.2 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 51 ‰|
|Catchment area||approx. 2.9 km²|
The Buchenbach is a three kilometer long stream in northern Baden-Württemberg , which flows into the "Spiegelberger" Lauter from the left and northeast in the hamlet of Neulautern in the municipality of Wüstenrot .
The Buchenbach rises at about Wüstenrot on the north-western slope of the Steinberg immediately after entering the forest next to the L 2100 to Vorderbüchelberg. At the beginning it flows west through a rapidly deepening forest blade, which almost from the beginning follows the state road L 1090 on the right slope, but soon it changes to a fairly steady south-westerly course. It takes in a few short razor tributaries, mainly from the right of the southern slope of the Raitelberg , then the first of the longer ones, which arises near Wellingtonienplatz. After only a short stretch to the south, the first larger tributary, the Scheiterschlagbach , also flows from the east, which only joins the three Waldklingen brooks near the mouth. On a south-westerly course again, about halfway through the course, the valley floor opens on the right-hand side to form a narrow meadow; here the accompanying road has reached the valley floor.little south of the outskirts of
Another forest stream from the Tirolerklinge runs from the northeast, immediately afterwards the Sumperbach from the west. Two ponds are on the right bank, after them the forest accompanying them on the left extends over a short stretch over the stream. Only about four hundred meters before the mouth does the forest give way from the left bank, after which the stream flows between scattered buildings on the northeastern outskirts of Neulautern. The Buchenbach finally flows opposite the center of Neulautern from the left to aboutin the middle reaches of the Lauter , also called Spiegelberger Lauter .
The Buchenbach flows after its 3.1 km long path with an average bed gradient of about 51 ‰ around 158 meters below its origin.
The Buchenbach has a catchment area of around 2.9 km², which lies in the natural area of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains in the sub-area of the southwestern Löwensteiner Mountains and borders with its north and north-east side on the neighboring sub-area Hinterer Mainhardter Wald . It extends from the northeasternmost point on the southern edge of Wüstenrot at the exit of the K 2400 from the L 1090 with a spindle-shaped contour to the confluence in Neulautern about 2.9 km to the southwest, across it it is up to 1.3 km wide.
The highest mountains, Raitelberg at the northern end of the catchment area and the high Steinberg near its easternmost point, both wooded. Behind the catchment area border between the two, the Rößbach near Wüstenrot leads its tributary over the Tiefenbach to Fichtenberger Rot . The left, long southeastern watershed runs through Vorderbüchelberg to the open crest of the plain ( ), on this section the catchment area of the next larger Lauter tributary, Dentelbach , and then as a southern border in front of smaller tributaries, the Lauter to the mouth. Even beyond the right watershed, initially only a small tributary of the Lauter competes in the west, then for a long time in the northwest over the Heßberg ( ) to the Raitelberg the next higher Lauter tributary Stangenbach with its left tributaries.are at the lower limit of the space high
The slightly larger, north-western part of the catchment area belongs to the municipality of Wüstenrot in the Heilbronn district , including almost the entire course of the stream, except for smaller sections on which the other municipality, Spiegelberg in the Rems-Murr district , extends to the left bank and sometimes even a little reaches into the right valley floor. There is forest on more than three quarters of the area, only a strip on the northern edge with the southernmost settlement parts of the village of Wüstenrot around Wellintonienstrasse, the left ridge height around the Spiegelberg hamlet of Vorderbüchelberg with only a few houses on this side as far as the plain and the largest Part of the narrow flood plain from around the middle reaches with only a few houses on the northeast edge of the Wüstenrot village of Neulautern . Apart from these there are no settlements.
Tributaries and lakes
Hierarchical list of tributaries and lakes from source to mouth. Length of water, lake area, catchment area and altitude according to the corresponding layers on the LUBW online map. Other sources for the information are noted.
Origin of the beech stream at about Steinberg approx. 0.7 km south of the center of Wüstenrot immediately after entering the forest on the K 2100 Wüstenrot– (continued as K 1819) Spiegelberg -Vorderbüchelberg in the Alte Gabe forest .on the northwest slope of the
- (Bach from the western slope of the Steinberg ), from the left and east-southeast to less than , approx. 0.5 km and approx. 0.1 km². Arises inconsistently at about on the western slope of the Steinberg next to the district road (now K 1819) to Vorderbüchelberg. Opens over a small waterfall.
- (Bach from the southwest slope of the Raitelberg ), from the right and north-northwest to about at a bend shortly to the south, 0.6 km and about 0.4 km². Arises at about on the southwest slope of the Raitelberg ( ) near Wellingtonienplatz and flows in a left curve.
- Passes the Friedrichsquelle at about right on the slope.
Scheiterschlagbach , from the left and east to about about 300 meters after the previous one at a bend back to the southwest, 0.7 km and about 0.3 km². Arises at about in the forest west of the Flurenge about half a kilometer northeast of the center of the Spiegelberg hamlet of Vorderbüchelberg . Waldgewann Scheiterschlag as borders on the southern bank .
- Sommerackerbach , from the right and east-northeast to about at MOUNTAIN, approx. 0.5 km and less than 0.1 km². Rises at about on the western edge of the forest of an almost isolated clearing bay north-northeast of Vorderbüchelberg.
- (Stream from the Tyrolean blade ), from the right and northwest to below shortly after the beginning of the Bachaue, which is open on the right, 0.5 km and less than 0.3 km². Arises at about .
- Passes the Karlsquelle at about above the beginning of the open floodplain on the valley floor to the right of the slope.
- Sumperbach , from the left and east to at the brook crossing of a branch from the L 1090 to a forest path on the left slope, 0.8 km and about 0.4 km². Arises at about in the Sumper forest about a hundred meters from the next building in Vorderbüchelberg.
- Happened two ponds in the right open Aue to about 390 Above , together over 0.1 ha.
- Passes the Karlsquelle at a little below on the left slope opposite the two aforementioned ponds.
The vast majority of the catchment area and almost the entire course is located in the Stubensandstein ( Löwenstein Formation ) of the Mittelkeuper . However, the two highest mountains on the northeastern edge of the catchment area, Raitelberg in the north and Steinberg in the northeast, protrude into the Psilonotenton and the Angulate sandstone formations of the Black Jurassic . Their tops are lined with a ring of marl ( Trossingen formation ), interrupted on the western slope of the Steinberg by a section with Quaternary sliding masses. The Buchenbach and its upper tributaries arise near the transition from the marl to the Stubensandstein below. In the valley it only runs after the small forest bar at the end of the middle course in the Upper Bunter Mergeln ( Mainhardt Formation ), which is still under the Stubensandstein , where it also flows.
One fault line trending approximately west-north-west-east-south-east reaches the valley floor approximately at the mouth of the stream from the Tirolerklinge or leaves it, slightly offset to the south, on the axis of the Sumperbach; the deep floe lies at the mouth of the stream.
Two geotopes are identified in the catchment area, an abandoned quarry on the western slope of the Raitelberg, which opens up the Angulate sandstone of the Lower Jurassic, and a slope demolition in the marl, which is notoriously prone to landslides, on the northwest slope of the Steinberg.
Nature and protected areas
The upper blade of the beech creek and the tapering secondary blades are mostly cut steeply and have rocky valley walls in places. The Buchenbach is one to two meters wide in the upper area, has a sandy or stony bottom and meanders in forests that are often rich in hardwood. In the lower half of the valley, which is mostly open on at least one side, it meanders close to nature, mostly in a strip of alluvial forest dominated by ash and black alder , the banks there slope partly steeply to the stream, partly they are flat. There are several wet meadows to the right of the run. None of the tributaries even reaches a catchment area of more than half a square kilometer. The Sumperbach, with about 0.8 km the longest among them, is about half a meter wide.
Official online waterway map with a suitable section and the layers used here: Course and catchment area of the Buchenbach
General introduction without default settings and layers: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( notes )
- Height according to the contour line image on the topographic map background layer .
- Length according to the waterway network layer ( AWGN ) .
- Catchment area measured on the background layer topographic map .
- Height after black lettering on the background layer topographic map .
- Lake area after the layer standing waters .
- After the layers of the water network (AWGN) and the name of the water, the brook should be called Scheiter s schlagbach , in view of the name Scheiterschlag of the adjacent Waldgewann both on the background layer topographic map and on the older measuring table sheet 6922 Löwenstein from 1932 in the Deutsche Fotothek , the second s is probably a Spelling mistake.
- Length measured on the background layer topographic map .
- Protected areas according to the relevant layers, nature partly according to the biotope layer .
- Height after black lettering on the measuring table sheet 6922 Löwenstein from 1932 in the Deutsche Fotothek .
- Wolf-Dieter Sick : Geographical land survey: The natural space units on sheet 162 Rothenburg o. D. Deaf. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1962. → Online map (PDF; 4.7 MB)
- Geology according to the layers for Geological Map 1: 50,000 on: Map server of the State Office for Geology, Raw Materials and Mining (LGRB) ( notes ). Similar to the geological map listed under → Literature .
- Geotope profile, abandoned quarry on the western slope of the Raitelberg
- Geotopsteckbrief slope demolition on the northwestern slope of Steinberg
- Topographic map 1: 25,000 Baden-Württemberg, as single sheet No. 6922 Wüstenrot
- Geological map of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Nature Park 1: 50,000, published by the State Office for Geology, Raw Materials and Mining Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg i. Br. 2001.
- Map of the course and catchment area of the Buchenbach on: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( information )
- Measuring table sheet 6922 Löwenstein from 1932 in the Deutsche Fotothek